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An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Edmund Wilson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Many scientists and engineers spend their lives designing, constructing, and running accelerators, yet few universities include a study of them in their curricula. This book is a straightforward ... More


The fundamental law

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the usual Newtonian-Laplacian image, Isaac Newton's three laws of motion are often taken as the basic ones. Heinrich Hertz, on the other hand, formulated one and only one law of motion: that every ... More


ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES

D. A. Bini, G. Latouche, and B. Meini

in Numerical Methods for Structured Markov Chains

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527688
eISBN:
9780191713286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527688.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Alternative numerical approaches for solving matrix equations associated with M/G/1-type Markov chains are considered in this chapter. A general shift technique for accelerating the convergence of ... More


CONCLUDING REMARKS

Jan Modersitzki

in Numerical Methods for Image Registration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528418
eISBN:
9780191713583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This final chapter summarizes the proposed non-parametric registration approach as well as the presented schemes, and briefly discusses some open questions. It contains statements about the ... More


Acceleration and longitudinal motion

J. B. Rosenzweig

in Fundamentals of Beam Physics

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525547
eISBN:
9780191711725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525547.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter explains that the acceleration of charged particles based on their interaction with a single travelling electromagnetic wave serves as a powerful model problem for developing an ... More


Musical Chairs and Inescapable Mathematics

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

The metaphor “musical chairs” encompasses a broad range of observations and behaviors in which the same patterns emerge in the aggregate regardless of how the individuals who comprise the aggregate ... More


The Quest for the Industrial Revolution: British Academy Lecture

E. A. Wrigley

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 121, 2002 Lectures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263037
eISBN:
9780191734007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263037.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses a quest for the Industrial Revolution. It determines that the key feature of this revolution consisted less in an acceleration in growth than in the absence of any ... More


Moving Discontinuity Surfaces

Józef Ignaczak and Martin Ostoja‐Starzewski

in Thermoelasticity with Finite Wave Speeds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541645
eISBN:
9780191716164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541645.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

The tenth chapter, entitled “Moving discontinuity surfaces,” focuses on singular surfaces propagating in a thermoelastic medium, and studies the propagation of a plane shock wave in a thermoelastic ... More


The Ever Expanding Domain of Computation

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter makes the case that because of computational advances, the world is changing fast, perhaps faster than at any other time in human history. The increasing pace of change could potentially ... More


Unification and the Moon‐Test (Propositions 3 and 4 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It reviews Newton’s argument for the claim that the moon is maintained in its orbit by an inverse-square force directed toward the earth. It introduces Newton’s moon-test argument for identifying the ... More


Generalization by Induction (Propositions 5 and 6 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I is devoted to Newton’s argument for proposition 5 and his important Rule 4 for reasoning in natural philosophy. Rule 4 is a very informative characterization of theory acceptance for Newton ... More


Harrodian Knife‐Edge in a Keynes‐Type ‘Fixprice’ Economy

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Among the assumptions underlying the analysis of stability of growth equilibrium already made in the book, the following two have played the most important roles in deriving the conclusions: first, ... More


DIRECT DETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTIVE MASS OF IONS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A very important property of the complex charge structures used to test superfluidity is effective mass. This can be measured directly in experiments with microwaves or in experiments based on ... More


Global History of Gold Rushes

Benjamin Mountford and Stephen Tuffnell (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520294547
eISBN:
9780520967588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520294547.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

Nothing set the world in motion like gold. Gold rushes accelerated the global circulation of people, goods, capital, and technologies that transformed settler societies around the world. Yet they are ... More


Mass as a Medium

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Newtonian mechanics is revisited in the light of Einsteinian relativity, and the repercussions shake physics to its core. Special relativity, by placing all inertial observers on the same footing, ... More


Remainders: American Poetry at Nature's End

Margaret Ronda

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503603141
eISBN:
9781503604896
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603141.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Remainders: American Poetry at Nature’s End discusses postwar poetry as an essential archive of ecological thinking in the era of the Great Acceleration, a period of rapid and unprecedented change to ... More


ELECTRONS IN A PERFECT LATTICE

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter analyses the problem posed by an electron moving through a crystal lattice. The case of a perfect lattice is discussed, i.e., lattice vibrations or any lattice defects or impurities as ... More


Climate Change and the Big Picture

Matthew Schneider-Mayerson

in Peak Oil: Apocalyptic Environmentalism and Libertarian Political Culture

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226285269
eISBN:
9780226285573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226285573.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses the decline of the peak oil movement in the late 2000s, as a result of diminishing concerns about fossil fuel scarcity. It places the peak oil movement in the context of ... More


A question of balance

Helen E. Ross and Cornelis Plug

in The Mystery of The Moon Illusion: Exploring Size Perception

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198508625
eISBN:
9780191584893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508625.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The idea that there might be some sensorimotor interaction in the moon illusion is relatively new, and probably goes back to George Berkeley who argued that both size and distance perception are ... More


GALILEO: SEEING AND BELIEVING

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses Galileo Galilei's biography and private life. It notes that Galileo first became interested in the connection between mathematics and the measurement of quantities such as mass ... More


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