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Mediating Problem Choice: Academic Researchers' Responses to Changes in their Institutional Environment

Liudvika Leišytė, Jürgen Enders, and Harry de Boer

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

New governance approaches are at the forefront of discussions of public sector reforms, including where they involve academic research where a novel type of institutional environment has been created ... More


The Limits of Universality: How Field‐Specific Epistemic Conditions Affect Authority Relations and their Consequences

Jochen Gläser, Stefan Lange, Grit Laudel, and Uwe Schimank

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the ways in which differences between scientific fields affect the impact of changing authority relations on research goals and approaches. Comparing proximate and remote ... More


Employment Research and State Traditions: A Comparative History of the United States, Great Britain, and Germany

Carola Frege

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208067
eISBN:
9780191709159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208067.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

Contemporary employment research tackles an increasingly globalized subject, much of it using empiricist and a-theoretical methods increasingly embedded in a market-economic paradigm. However, this ... More


The Academic Professions and American Society

Steven Brint

in Two Cheers for Higher Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182667
eISBN:
9780691184890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182667.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This chapter presents a portrait of the dominant system for organizing and pursuing knowledge and the contributions of that system to American life. It aims to convey some of the hidden strengths of ... More


Introduction

Carola M. Frege

in Employment Research and State Traditions: A Comparative History of the United States, Great Britain, and Germany

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208067
eISBN:
9780191709159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208067.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter introduces the argument and structure of the book. Since its heyday of the 1950s/60s Employment Relations as an academic field has increasingly been facing a crisis (e.g., declining ... More


Managing the Research University

Dean O. Smith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199793259
eISBN:
9780199896813
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793259.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This book provides a comprehensive background and discussion of all major topics encountered routinely in managing the academic research enterprise. In a sense, it serves as a surrogate mentor with ... More


 Social Resources and Health

Michael Marmot

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the history of an interdisciplinary research program on the social, economic, cultural, and psychological determinants of health and the biological pathways by which they ... More


The Policy Issues

Wendy Faulkner, Jacqueline Senker, and LÉa Velho

in Knowledge Frontiers: Public Sector Research and Industrial Innovation in Biotechnology, Engineering Ceramics, and Parallel Computing

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288336
eISBN:
9780191684586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288336.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Knowledge Management

In one of the Economist Intelligence Unit reports regarding industry-university research links, it is found that the close relations between industry and the academe are to be considered as something ... More


Sincerity and Institutional Values

Seana Valentine Shiffrin

in Speech Matters: On Lying, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157023
eISBN:
9781400852529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157023.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines freedom of speech and sincerity in relation to institutions and institutional roles, using the university as a prime example. It first challenges the idea that mere declarations ... More


Academics and public policy

Daniel Cohn

in Policy Analysis in Canada

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447334910
eISBN:
9781447334934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334910.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Academic researchers are important contributors to the public policy process in Canada and other countries. However, they generally do not contribute directly. First their work tends to pass through ... More


What's Right and Wrong, and How to Make It Better

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses the pros and cons of the commercialization of academic research and proposes strategies for addressing relevant problems. It explains critics' view that the unrestrained ... More


Commercialize! It's the Law

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses issues concerning the commercialization of academic research in the U.S. Though most universities have remained queasy about selling their research they have faced increasing ... More


Re-imagining contested communities: implications for policy research

Robert Rutherfoord and Maria O’Beirne

in Re-Imagining Contested Communities: Connecting Rotherham through Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447333302
eISBN:
9781447333357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447333302.003.0022
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter suggests that this volume's insights on collaborative ethnography could have even more impact if it were generated in collaboration with policy contributors, and it is notable that the ... More


Digital Instruments: Commercialization in a Changing Community

Cyrus C. M. Mody

in Instrumental Community: Probe Microscopy and the Path to Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262134941
eISBN:
9780262298186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262134941.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter demonstrates how increased emphasis on the commercialization of academic research has transformed policy decisions regarding the development and use of probe microscopy in Europe and in ... More


Elusive Industrial Angels

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter examines the contribution of industry in the funding of universities in the U.S. It suggests that contrary to popular belief industry is a very minor participant in the financing of ... More


Conflicts and Interests

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses conflicts of interest in the commercialization of academic research in the U.S. It explains that the protection of people who serve as subjects of medical experiments is the ... More


The Rhetoric of Relevance

in The Roots, Rituals, and Rhetorics of Change: North American Business Schools After the Second World War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804776165
eISBN:
9780804778916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804776165.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter deals with the issue of relevance in the process of reforming the teaching of management education in business schools in North America. It highlights pedagogical concerns about ... More


Changing Attitudes

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses the changing of attitude of researchers towards the commercialization of academic research in the U.S. It explains that it has become a norm for professors to sell their ... More


The value of research for local authorities: a practitioner perspective

Stan Kidd and Tony Reeves

in Research and policy in ethnic relations: Compromised dynamics in a neoliberal era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781447314899
eISBN:
9781447314929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314899.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Written from the perspective of senior officers of a major English metropolitan authority, this chapter offers an insight into the challenge of seeking to service the needs of a diverse citizenry ... More


Introduction: The Editors

Christopher Hood, Desmond King, and Gillian Peele

in Forging a Discipline: A Critical Assessment of Oxford's Development of the Study of Politics and International Relations in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199682218
eISBN:
9780191762741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682218.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The study of politics has emerged as a recognized academic discipline from the fields of philosophy, history, jurisprudence, and economics over the last hundred years. This book asks: what sort of ... More


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