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Default Semantics for Number Terms

K.M. Jaszczolt

in Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261987
eISBN:
9780191718656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261987.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The chapter starts with a brief discussion of various standpoints regarding the semantics of number terms. It then demonstrates that number terms have the default ‘exactly n’ semantics and ... More


The Conception of Value

Paul Grice and Judith Baker

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The works of Paul Grice collected in this volume present his metaphysical defence of value, and represent a modern attempt to provide a metaphysical foundation for value. Value judgements are viewed ... More


The Formula of Humanity (FH)

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with Kant’s second formulation of the categorical imperative: the formula of humanity as an end in itself (FH). It examines Kant’s claims that a categorical imperative presupposes ... More


The Carus Lectures on the Conception of Value

Paul Grice

in The Conception of Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses Grice's three Carus lectures on value and objectivity, relative and absolute value, and metaphysics and value. The lecture on value and objectivity investigates the conception ... More


Impersonality: An Ethical Objection to Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers what happens when absolute value points us in one direction but relative value pulls us in the opposite direction—when, for example, there is a conflict between doing what is ... More


Is There an Absolute Value that Overrides All Other Considerations?

John Kekes

in Hard Questions: Facing the Problems of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190919986
eISBN:
9780190920012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190919986.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One answer was given in Maccabeus 2 by a venerable old man and his imagined younger alter ego. The old man was guided by what he took to be an absolute value and died rather than violate it. The ... More


Autonomy, Heteronomy, and Constructing the Categorical Imperative

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with the principle of autonomy, which is at once the third formula of the categorical imperative (FA), a property of the will, and the supreme principle of morality in the sense of ... More


Of Absolute and Relative Worth

L. Nandi Theunissen

in The Value of Humanity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198832645
eISBN:
9780191871207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832645.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Theunissen explores Kant’s legacy. As she reads him, a crucial dimension of Kant’s view that human beings are absolutely valuable is that human beings are of value independently of the good they do ... More


Introduction to the Study of Animals

Peter A. Henderson

in Southwood's Ecological Methods

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198862277
eISBN:
9780191895067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862277.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Because the objective of a study will largely determine the methods used, it is essential to define the objectives at the outset. Very broadly, studies may be defined as either extensive and ... More


A Critical Understanding of Modernity

Ali Mirsepassi

in Democracy in Modern Iran: Islam, Culture, and Political Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795644
eISBN:
9780814764398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795644.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reflects on the theoretical and intellectual issues of reconciliation with the contemporary world. It argues for a critical understanding of modernity, a willingness to perceive it as a ... More


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