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The Nature of and Need for a Metaphysic of Morals: An Analysis of the Preface of GMS

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the Preface of the Groundwork. Its main focus is on Kant’s argument for the necessity of a metaphysics of morals, that is, an a priori moral philosophy. Kant claims that such a ... More


Necessary and Contingent Truths

Benson Mates

in The Philosophy of Leibniz: Metaphysics and Language

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195059465
eISBN:
9780199833429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195059468.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

To reconcile his account of truth with his acceptance of the distinction between necessary and contingent truths, Leibniz introduces a distinction between absolute and hypothetical necessity. It ... More


Absolute Modality

Hale Bob

in Necessary Beings: An Essay on Ontology, Modality, and the Relations Between Them

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669578
eISBN:
9780191765186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669578.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

After explaining how McFetridge’s proposed account of logically necessary inference may be extended to a general characterization of absolutely necessity in terms of generalized counterfactuals which ... More


Permissibility of Targeted Killing as a Method of Law Enforcement

Nils Melzer

in Targeted Killing in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533169
eISBN:
9780191714511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533169.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the extent to which the method of targeted killing can be regarded as permissible under each of the conditions and modalities of the international normative paradigm of law ... More


S5 as the Logic of Metaphysical Modality: Two Arguments for and Two Arguments against

Bob Hale

Jessica Leech and Kit Fine (eds)

in Essence and Existence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198854296
eISBN:
9780191888588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854296.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Two arguments for S5 being the logic of metaphysical modality are favourably discussed: one from the logic of absolute necessity, one from Timothy Williamson. Two arguments against S5 being the logic ... More


Wolff’s Close Shave with Fatalism

Stephan Leuenberger

in The Actual and the Possible: Modality and Metaphysics in Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198786436
eISBN:
9780191828751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786436.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Modality played a central role in Christian Wolff’s philosophy. In his extensive writings on the topic, he was unusually explicit about the definitions of modal notions and what sort of principles ... More


On the Many Senses of “Self-Determination”

Karl Ameriks

in Kantian Subjects: Critical Philosophy and Late Modernity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198841852
eISBN:
9780191881435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841852.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by noting a number of basic meanings that “determination” has for Kant: causal, epistemic, formal, and normative, in the sense of defining a “vocation” for the individual and ... More


Malebranche: Vision in God and Occasionalism

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is characteristic of both occasionalism and vision in God that they place man in a condition of extreme dependence on God; indeed, they might be seen respectively as ontological and ... More


The Enslavement of the Human Being

Miikka Ruokanen

in Trinitarian Grace in Martin Luther's The Bondage of the Will

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780192895837
eISBN:
9780191916366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895837.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Luther underscores sin as unbelief which cuts off the relationship between the human being and his/her Creator resulting in the imprisonment of the human by sin, death, and transcendental evil. ... More


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