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The Nature of and Need for a Metaphysic of Morals: An Analysis of the Preface of GMS

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the Preface of the Groundwork. Its main focus is on Kant’s argument for the necessity of a metaphysics of morals, that is, an a priori moral philosophy. Kant claims that such a ... More


Necessary and Contingent Truths

Benson Mates

in The Philosophy of Leibniz: Metaphysics and Language

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195059465
eISBN:
9780199833429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195059468.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

To reconcile his account of truth with his acceptance of the distinction between necessary and contingent truths, Leibniz introduces a distinction between absolute and hypothetical necessity. It ... More


Absolute Modality

Hale Bob

in Necessary Beings: An Essay on Ontology, Modality, and the Relations Between Them

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669578
eISBN:
9780191765186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669578.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

After explaining how McFetridge’s proposed account of logically necessary inference may be extended to a general characterization of absolutely necessity in terms of generalized counterfactuals which ... More


Permissibility of Targeted Killing as a Method of Law Enforcement

Nils Melzer

in Targeted Killing in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533169
eISBN:
9780191714511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533169.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the extent to which the method of targeted killing can be regarded as permissible under each of the conditions and modalities of the international normative paradigm of law ... More


Wolff’s Close Shave with Fatalism

Stephan Leuenberger

in The Actual and the Possible: Modality and Metaphysics in Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198786436
eISBN:
9780191828751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786436.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Modality played a central role in Christian Wolff’s philosophy. In his extensive writings on the topic, he was unusually explicit about the definitions of modal notions and what sort of principles ... More


Malebranche: Vision in God and Occasionalism

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is characteristic of both occasionalism and vision in God that they place man in a condition of extreme dependence on God; indeed, they might be seen respectively as ontological and ... More


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