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An Absence of Alternatives: A New Framework for Understanding Corruption

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter sets out the book's two main arguments about the causes of corruption. First, when essential goods and services are not available from alternative sources, individuals engage in corrupt ... More


Alternatives to Corruption and the Effect of Market Reform: The Arguments and Their Theoretical Implications

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter demonstrates the advantages of the absence-of-alternatives approach presented in this book over other corruption explanations. It also presents definitions of the arguments' core ... More


Bribery, Favoritism, and Clientelism: Evidence from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter details the petty corruption that goes on in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The interviews conducted offer direct evidence that citizens use bribes, personal connections, and promises of ... More


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