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Debates and Controversies on Abortion in Italy

Marina Calloni

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The debate over legalization of abortion dominated politics in Italy in the 1970s, part of a broader challenge to Catholic domination over families and women. Subsequent debates have revolved around ... More


Gendering the Abortion Debate: The French Case

Jean C. Robinson

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The National Assembly in France tentatively reformed abortion law in 1975 and reaffirmed legal abortion in 1979. The women's movement campaigned on the issue but did not claim success for a policy ... More


The Abortion Debates in Belgium 1974–1990

Karen Celis

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It took 15 years and many debates before women's movement activists persuaded the Belgian politicians to liberalize the old abortion law dating from the Napoleonic Penal code of 1910. In this ... More


US Abortion Debates 1959–1998: The Women's Movement Holds on

Dorothy McBride Stetson

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first major abortion debates in the United States—in Roe vs. Wade legalizing abortion in the first 24 weeks and the Hyde Amendment denying funding—established the terms of conflict over the ... More


Abortion Debates in Germany

Lynn Kamenitsa

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Abortion law reform was a mobilizing issue for the women's movement actors in Germany. Despite their activism, abortion debates returned again and again to the goal of protecting unborn fetal life. ... More


Women's Movements' Defence of Legal Abortion in Great Britain

Dorothy McBride Stetson

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Great Britain was the first country to reform its criminal abortion law with the Abortion Act of 1967, a law that was strict in form but liberal in practice. Active anti‐abortion forces sought to ... More


Abortion Debates in Ireland: An Ongoing Issue

Evelyn Mahon

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The direction of abortion policy in Ireland began with criminal restrictions and proceeded towards constitutionally based prohibitions on legalized abortion. Pressure for reform has been eased ... More


Policy‐Making on Abortion: Arenas, Actors, and Arguments in the Netherlands

Joyce Outshoorn

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The abortion issue rose to the agenda in the Netherlands at the same time as the rebirth of the women's movement, when doctors were performing illegal abortions on demand. Thus, at first, the frame ... More


Gendering Abortion Debates: State Feminism in Spain

Celia Valiente

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

After the establishment of a democratic constitution in Spain, the Socialist government included abortion law reform on its agenda to modernize Spanish policy in line with other European democracies. ... More


Not to Rely Completely on the Courts: Black Feminist Leadership in the Reproductive Rights Battles, 1969–1971

Sherie M. Randolph

in Florynce "Flo" Kennedy: The Life of a Black Feminist Radical

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469623917
eISBN:
9781469625119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469623917.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the ways in which Flo Kennedy brought her legal expertise and political knowledge to the campaign to repeal New York State’s restrictive abortion laws. She served as counsel for ... More


Criminalisation

Fiona Bloomer, Claire Pierson, and Sylvia Estrada Claudio

in Reimagining Global Abortion Politics: A Social Justice Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781447340430
eISBN:
9781447340485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447340430.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter details the criminalisation of abortion. A review of the history of the criminal law on abortion reveals that for most of history abortion remained outside the law. Criminalisation when ... More


The Political Fight Begins

Daniel K. Williams

in Defenders of the Unborn: The Pro-Life Movement before Roe v. Wade

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199391646
eISBN:
9780199391677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391646.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

After 1959, when the American Law Institute (ALI) endorsed abortion law reform, state legislatures across the nation began considering abortion liberalization bills to legalize abortion for ... More


The Shadowlands: The Regulation of Human Reproduction in the United States

Georgi J. Annas

in Cross Currents: Family Law and Policy in the US and England

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268208
eISBN:
9780191683442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268208.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Family Law

There is virtually no governmental regulation of human reproduction in the United States. There are three reasons for this regulatory vacuum: historic, economic, and political. Historically, although ... More


Regulating Abortion

Kate Greasley

in Arguments about Abortion: Personhood, Morality, and Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198766780
eISBN:
9780191821059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766780.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Part I of this book argued that whether or not the fetus is rightly considered a person is central to a moral and legal appraisal of abortion. Part II embarked on a sustained analysis of a number of ... More


The Comatose Pregnant Woman: Abortion and the Substituted-Judgement Approach

Erwin Bernat

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0030
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

On 11 November 1997 the Austrian Supreme Court (OGH) had — for the first time — to answer the question whether abortion may be carried out lawfully if the pregnant woman is permanently incompetent to ... More


Gender in the Arena of the Courts: The Prosecution of Abortion and Infanticide in Early Meiji Japan

Susan L. Burns

in Gender and Law in the Japanese Imperium

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837150
eISBN:
9780824869472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837150.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter traces the history of abortion law from the early modern period and analyzes trial records of abortion and infanticide cases from the 1870s and 1880s in order to intervene in the debate ... More


State Residency, State Laws, and Public Opinion

Barbara Norrander and Clyde Wilcox

in Public Opinion in State Politics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753005
eISBN:
9780804767972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753005.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the influence of state residency and state laws on public opinion. It analyzes the influence of state residency and demographic traits on the core attitudes of party ... More


Crime and the Family: Lessons from Teenage Childbearing

Seth G. Sanders

in Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226115122
eISBN:
9780226115139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226115139.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter argues that much can be gained by considering teenage childbearing for girls and crime for boys as two variants of antisocial behavior, and contends that the same developmental process ... More


Talk of the Town: Hearing

Nona Willis Aronowitz

in The Essential Ellen Willis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816681204
eISBN:
9781452949048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681204.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter focuses on the abortion hearing held by the New York State Legislature in 1969. State Assemblyman Albert H. Blumenthal introduced a bill that would reform the state’s eighty-six-year-old ... More


Why Constitutional Rights Matter: The Case for Binding Constitutionalism

Alon Harel

in Why Law Matters

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199643271
eISBN:
9780191747809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643271.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The Talmud says that he who is commanded and fulfils the command is greater than he who fulfils it though not commanded. This chapter applies this lesson to the legislature, and argues that a society ... More


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