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Effects of Endophytes on Their Hosts

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In symbiotic associations, there is great variation in ecological outcomes shaped by the underlying coevolutionary process. Endophytic fungi of grasses have been shown to affect host growth and ... More


A Brief Overview of Recent Climate Change and Its Ecological Context

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter summarizes the most prominent abiotic components of recent climate change to establish the environmental context from which the discussion in the rest of the book proceeds. ... More


The Niche Concept

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the niche concept. One of the earliest applications of the niche theory in quantitative ecology addressed the seemingly simple question of the extent to which the niches of two ... More


Ecosystem Function and Dynamics

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the distinction between ecosystem function and ecosystem dynamics. Ecosystem function refers to the manner in which the ecosystem of interest works, and interactions among its ... More


Wind and Water: Abiotic Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines abiotic pollination via wind or water. It begins with a discussion of wind pollination or anemophily, which is a common occurrence in modern plants, especially in most ... More


Limitations and Extensionto Tropical Systems

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores patterns of phenological dynamics in tropical systems, where the availability of time is comparatively unconstrained by abiotic conditions. Although abiotic conditions are ... More


Phenological Advance, Stasis, and Delay

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins by distinguishing phenology from seasonality. Phenology is defined as the study of the occurrence of phenomena in relation to time. In contrast, seasonality refers to temporal ... More


Introduction

Glenn R. Guntenspergen

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section focuses on the adaptability of species to the abiotic conditions and built structures in urban environments, and how they are affected by human subsidies. It consists of five chapters ... More


The Biology of Deserts

David Ward

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book offers a concise but comprehensive introduction to desert ecology and adopts a strong evolutionary and applied focus. Deserts are defined by their arid conditions. Deserts are widespread ... More


The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198713593
eISBN:
9780191781902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713593.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

The Biology of Lakes and Ponds focuses on the interactions between the abiotic frame, such as turbulence, temperature, pH and nutrients, and the organisms, including interactions with and among ... More


Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands: An Introduction

Darold P. Batzer and Rebecca R. Sharitz

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Wetland ecology incorporates the interactions of biota (plants, animals, microbes) with the unique physical and chemical environment present in wetlands. Wetlands are foremost geologic features, and ... More


Development of Wetland Plant Communities

Rebecca R. Sharitz and Steven C. Pennings

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Plant communities in different types of wetlands vary greatly in species composition, species richness, and productivity. They are influenced to varying degrees by a long list of abiotic factors ... More


Introduction

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198713593
eISBN:
9780191781902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713593.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

The chapter introduces the reader to the book structure, including the overall topics the abiotic frame, the organisms, biotics, food web interactions and biodiversity and environmental threats. In ... More


Population and Community Ecology

Alfonso Valiente-Banuet and Héctor Godínez-Alvarez

in Cacti: Biology and Uses

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231573
eISBN:
9780520927889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Cacti show considerable diversity of life form in tropical and subtropical America. Species diversity increases considerably toward the tropics, Mexico being the most important center, with 850 ... More


Ecological and Phylogenetic Significance of AFLP DNA Diversity in 4 Species of Blind Subterranean Mole Rats (Spalax) in Israel: El Sigificado EcolÓGico Y FilogenÉTico De Diversidad De Aflp En El De 4 Especies S Palax En Israel

Andrei V. Polyakov, Alex Beharav, Tamar Krugman, Aaron Avivi, and Eviatar Nevo

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines 426 loci of Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms (AFLP) in Israeli Spalax, across coding and noncoding regions of genomes, along a gradient of increasing aridity. It compares ... More


Landscape Heterogeneity and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Heterogeneity is a defining characteristic of landscapes and therefore central to the study of landscape ecology. Landscape ecology investigates what factors give rise to heterogeneity, how that ... More


The Biotic World

Pierre M. Durand

in The Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226747620
eISBN:
9780226747934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226747934.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

What are the fundamental differences between the biotic and abiotic worlds? At face value the answer seems obvious, but a deeper philosophical analysis reveals this is not so. Strict reductionism ... More


Animals as seed dispersers

H. Martin Schaefer and Graeme D. Ruxton

in Plant-Animal Communication

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199563609
eISBN:
9780191810060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199563609.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the ecological characteristics of animals as an excellent dispersal agent of plant seeds. Plants are fundamentally sessile with their only chance of dispersal being as seeds. ... More


Demography, Dispersal, and Connectivity of Populations

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the abiotic environment of giant kelp. Macrocystis requires a hard substratum for settlement and attachment, water temperatures between about 4°C and 20°C, sea-bottom light ... More


Giant Kelp Communities

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the demography and metapopulation ecology of giant kelp, and the processes that underlie connectivity of kelp beds or patches, including spore production and dispersal. There ... More


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