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Beyond Regression: The Need for Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Society needs more from social sciences than they have delivered, and this book offers openings. To the society at large, quantitative social scientists presently seem no better at prediction than ... More


Group Ability Composition on World Knowledge Problems

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines group ability composition and social combination processes on world knowledge tasks. On difficult world knowledge tasks, high-ability persons performed better in cooperative ... More


The Making of Human Concepts

Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn, and Stephen E.G. Lea (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Human adults appear different from other animals in their ability to form abstract mental representations that go beyond perceptual similarity. In short, they can conceptualize the world. When and ... More


Integration Interrupted: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White after Brown

Karolyn Tyson (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736447
eISBN:
9780199943951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736447.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

An all-too-popular explanation for why black students aren't doing better in school is their own use of the “acting white” slur to ridicule fellow blacks for taking advanced classes, doing ... More


Competency in Public Service Bargains: Wonks, Sages, Deliverers, and Go‐Betweens

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the competency dimension of public service bargains, in the sense of skills, ability, or experience. It discusses four types of competency bargains: wonk, sage, deliverer, and ... More


The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The three parts of the book comprise three distinct investigations under a common theme: enquiry into inter-relationships between issues about the nature of knowledge and issues about the value of ... More


Free Will and Luck

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305043
eISBN:
9780199786015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305043.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book aims to help readers think more clearly about free will. It identifies and makes vivid the most important conceptual obstacles to the justified belief in the existence of free will, and ... More


Aristotle's Man: Speculations upon Aristotelian Anthropology

Stephen R.L. Clark

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245162
eISBN:
9780191680847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245162.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Words have determinable sense only within a complex of unstated assumptions, and all interpretation must therefore go beyond the given material. This book addresses what is man's place in the ... More


Washington’s Principles of Leadership

Mark Mc Neilly

in George Washington and the Art of Business: The Leadership Principles of America's First Commander-in-Chief

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189780
eISBN:
9780199851584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189780.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the general and business leadership principles that can be learned by understanding the life and career of General, and then later President, George Washington. It describes ... More


The Origins and Components of Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When choosing an electoral system, the main tradeoff is between decisiveness of government and representation of minority views. With simple electoral systems, their average effect can be predicted. ... More


Why Considerations of Verbal Aptitude Are Important in Educating Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students

C. Tane Akamatsu, Connie Mayer, and Steven Hardy-Braz

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the importance of assessing the language abilities of DHH students in order to understand their potential for achievement in mathematics and science. It considers the ... More


 Mental Maladies

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows that the book’s account of malady generates the objective account of mental disorders that has been included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) from ... More


 So This Is What It's Like: A Defense of the Ability Hypothesis

Laurence Nemirow

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the objective grounds for and against the ability hypothesis (AH), which was developed as a response to the Knowledge Argument (KA) — a purported proof of the existence of ... More


Egalitarianism

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explores the consequence of taking Rawls' concerns about the strains of commitment to their logical extreme. If there is no external enforcement at all, so that all agreements must be ... More


Mastery

Charles Travis

in Thought's Footing: Themes in Wittgenstein's “Philosophical Investigations”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291465
eISBN:
9780191710667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291465.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on the discussion of language games at the beginning of the Investigations (broadly, in the first twenty-five paragraphs). It shows how there can be room for the parochial in ... More


Traditional Criteria of Tax Equity

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Traditional analyses of tax justice demand that the distribution of tax burdens satisfy criteria of vertical and horizontal equity–like cases should be treated alike and relevantly different cases ... More


Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Ian Deary

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Human mental ability differences have a hierarchical structure, and may be viewed at levels from general ability (g) to specific abilities. Ability differences show moderate stability across the ... More


TEACHING COSMOPOLITAN RIGHT

Rob Reich

in Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253661
eISBN:
9780191601972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253668.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The essays in Part III of the book, on liberal constraints and traditionalist education, argue for a more regulatory conception of liberal education and emphasize the need for some controls over ... More


Know How

Jason Stanley

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695362
eISBN:
9780191729768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695362.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The thesis of this book is that knowing how to do something amounts to knowing facts. The facts are those that answer a question about how one could do it. Elaborating the conception of knowledge how ... More


Subjective Perceptions of Cognitive Change

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the accuracy of adults' perceptions with regard to an issue that is of increasing concern with age: whether our intellectual abilities are actually declining. These concerns ... More


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