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Divination and Sacrifice in Song Neo-Confucianism

Joseph A. Adler

in Teaching Confucianism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195311600
eISBN:
9780199870707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311600.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The earliest known form of Chinese religion is the ritual dyad of divination and sacrifice practiced by the rulers of the Shang Dynasty (fourteenth to eleventh centuries B.C.E.). This chapter ... More


Understanding the Ethical Universe of Neo-Confucianism

Robert W. Foster

in Teaching Confucianism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195311600
eISBN:
9780199870707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311600.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Neo‐Confucianism was the predominant intellectual movement within China from the twelfth through seventeenth centuries. It insisted on the ultimate reality of this world and the ultimate importance ... More


The Buddhist School of Principle and the Early Song Intellectual Terrain

Albert Welter

in Yongming Yanshou’s Conception of Chan in the Zongjing lu: A Special Transmission Within the Scriptures

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199760312
eISBN:
9780199897322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199760312.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter addresses Yongming Yanshou’s impact on Buddhism and Song intellectual life by repositioning Yanshou as an advocate of a Buddhist School of Principle. It challenges Zhu Xi’s reduction of ... More


The Radiant Mind: Zhu Xi and the Chan Doctrine of Tathāgatagarbha

John Jorgensen

in The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xi's Philosophical Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190878559
eISBN:
9780190878580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878559.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter identifies and highlights aspects of Buddhist thought that Zhu Xi appropriated and adapted to bolster and develop his philosophy of mind. The author argues that even though Zhu Xi ... More


The Psychophysical Energy of the Great Ultimate: A Neo-Confucian Adventure of the Idea in Zhu XI

Hyo-Dong Lee

in Spirit, Qi, and the Multitude: A Comparative Theology for the Democracy of Creation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823255016
eISBN:
9780823261192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823255016.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter follows the development of the idea of qi in the dominant stream of Neo-Confucian thought represented by Zhu Xi. Zhu Xi shares in the Daoist subordination of qi when he posits li ... More


Morality and Knowledge in Zhu Xi’s Philosophical System

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Sixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178587
eISBN:
9780231542012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This essay shows that morality took precedence over knowledge in Zhu Xi’s philosophical system. But, it is argued, this is only true on the practical, pedagogic level, not on the general theoretical ... More


Nature, Culture, and Society in Confucian Literary Thought: Chinese Traditions and Their Early Tokugawa Reception

in Imagining Harmony: Poetry, Empathy, and Community in Mid-Tokugawa Confucianism and Nativism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761574
eISBN:
9780804776394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761574.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter argues that it was Song Confucianism, especially the philosophy of Zhu Xi, that most often became the basis for Confucian interpretations of poetry and other literary writings in the ... More


Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Stephen C. Angle

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book explores what happens when we take Neo-Confucianism and its ideal of sagehood seriously as contemporary philosophy. It develops an interpretation of the Neo-Confucian tradition that, while ... More


The Ti-Yong 體用 Model and Its Discontents: Models of Ambiguous Priority in Chinese Buddhism and Zhu Xi’s Neo-Confucianism

Brook A. Ziporyn

in The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xi's Philosophical Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190878559
eISBN:
9780190878580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878559.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter provides compelling perspective on Zhu Xi’s repurposing of Buddhist ideas to develop his own philosophical thought. The focus is the ti-yong (inherent reality-function) conceptual ... More


Dai Zhen and the Zhu Xi Tradition

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Seventeenth Century Through Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178600
eISBN:
9780231542005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178600.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This essay focuses on Dai Zhen (1724-1777)’s relation to Zhu Xi (1130-1200). It demonstrates why it is most reasonable to take Dai Zhen as an ideal example of the Ming-Qing intellectual shift of ... More


Introduction

John Makeham

in The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xi's Philosophical Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190878559
eISBN:
9780190878580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878559.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Introduction contextualizes Zhu Xi within the “Learning of the Way” tradition of Neo-Confucian thought, and introduces key questions that animate the volume as a whole: What aspects of Buddhism ... More


Buddhism and Zhu Xi’s Epistemology of Discernment

Stephen C. Angle

in The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xi's Philosophical Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190878559
eISBN:
9780190878580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878559.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on Zhu Xi’s theory of knowing in order to show how Zhu consciously appropriated Buddhist ideas to develop his own thought. Zhu repurposed the Buddhist term zhijue (perceptual ... More


Monism and the Problem of the Ignorance and Badness in Chinese Buddhism and Zhu Xi’s Neo-Confucianism

John Makeham

in The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xi's Philosophical Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190878559
eISBN:
9780190878580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878559.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that an understanding of the Buddhist models Zhu Xi had at his disposal can yield new insights into how he constructed and defended the monistic ontology that is the centerpiece ... More


Zhu Xi’s Critique of Buddhism: Selfishness, Salvation, and Self-Cultivation

Justin Tiwald

in The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xi's Philosophical Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190878559
eISBN:
9780190878580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878559.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Zhu Xi’s criticisms of Buddhism in order to identify the positions Zhu developed in opposition to Buddhist doctrines. Zhu’s letters, essays, and discussions with students show ... More


Constructing New Reading Publics in Late Ming China

Anne E. McLaren

in Printing and Book Culture in Late Imperial China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231269
eISBN:
9780520927797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231269.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the emergence of new reading publics in China during the late Ming Dynasty. It traces the shifting constructions of readers, authors, and editors; the broadening of reading ... More


Introduction

Stephen C. Angle

in Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The introduction addresses two methodological preliminaries: the book's approach to comparative philosophy, called “rooted global philosophy”; and the scope of the “Neo-Confucian” tradition—in ... More


The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xi's Philosophical Thought

John Makeham (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190878559
eISBN:
9780190878580
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878559.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Zhu Xi (1130–1200) is the most influential Neo-Confucian philosopher, and arguably the most important Chinese philosopher, of the past millennium, both in terms of his legacy and for the ... More


Zhu Xi and the Four Books

Wm. Theodore de Bary

in Finding Wisdom in East Asian Classics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153973
eISBN:
9780231527194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153973.003.0015
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the “Four Books,”, classic texts chosen by the great Neo-Confucian scholar Zhu Xi (1130–1200) as introductory readings for the core curriculum, which became standard for most ... More


Classics, Examinations, and Confucianism

Peter Francis Kornicki

in Languages, scripts, and Chinese texts in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797821
eISBN:
9780191839139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797821.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter deals with the Confucian tradition in East Asia and the role played by the Chinese classics in education and learning throughout East Asia and in the civil service examinations which ... More


Moral Cultivation

Geoffrey Redmond and Tze-ki Hon

in Teaching the I Ching (Book of Changes)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199766819
eISBN:
9780199396481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766819.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

In response to the challenges of Daoism and Buddhism, Confucian thinkers from the eleventh to seventeenth centuries revived Confucianism by developing a sophisticated method of moral cultivation. ... More


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