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EXTERNAL FIELDS AND THEIR EFFECTS

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Applied fields, whether electric fields, magnetic fields, or stress fields, all affect the observed properties of defects. As a result, the effects of applied fields can give a lot of information ... More


Crisis: The End of the Bohr Model

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Failed attempts to understand the anomalous Zeeman effect contributed to the feeling of crisis that by 1924 characterized parts of the physics community. The solution proposed by W. Heisenberg’s ... More


The hyperfine structure of atoms and its investigation by magnetic resonance methods

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter develops the theory of the hyperfine structure of atoms involving nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. The Zeeman effect in weak, intermediate, and strong magnetic ... More


Failures

Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen

in Constructing Quantum Mechanics: Volume 1: The Scaffold: 1900-1923

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845478
eISBN:
9780191880681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845478.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

We consider three topics which proved frustratingly resistant to the methods of the old quantum theory up to the point of emergence of the quantum mechanics of Heisenberg and collaborators in late ... More


The Bohr–Sommerfeld Theory

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

With A. Sommerfeld’s extension of the Bohr theory in 1915–1916, it was turned into a powerful tool of atomic research and adopted and further developed by German physicists in particular. The new and ... More


Scientific collaborator

Charles P. Enz

in No Time to be Brief: A scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198564799
eISBN:
9780191713835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564799.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins with a discussion of Pauli’s stint as Max Born’s assistant in Göttingen. It then describes his friendship with Niels Bohr and his studies on the anomalous Zeeman effect.


ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Spin resonance is one of the major tools in the study of defect and impurity systems. This chapter describes how the key parameters of the spin Hamiltonian can be predicted, including a detailed ... More


The early-type magnetic stars

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism: Second Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641741
eISBN:
9780191738609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641741.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapters 4 and 5 discussed various aspects of the interaction between the magnetic field and the thermal-gravitational-rotational fields in different stellar domains. This chapter broadens the ... More


The Hamburg years

Charles P. Enz

in No Time to be Brief: A scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198564799
eISBN:
9780191713835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564799.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on Pauli’s years in Hamburg. It begins with a discussion of his paper based on the anomalous Zeeman effect — he theorized that the cause of all the trouble with the complex ... More


Introduction

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526728
eISBN:
9780191707049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526728.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This introductory chapter is divided into three sections. The first is a historical survey of now classical work, including Gilbert, Halley, Galileo, Scheiner, Schwabe, Carrington, Spoerer, Maunder, ... More


Nobel Prize and international recognition

A. J. Kox and H. F. Schatz

in A Living Work of Art: The Life and Science of Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870500
eISBN:
9780191912825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870500.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Chapter 6 discusses the growing national and international recognition of Lorentz and his Nobel Prize of 1902, together with Pieter Zeeman, for their work in magneto-optics (in particular the Zeeman ... More


Electron Spin Relaxation Beyond the Hyperfine Interaction

M. M. Glazov

in Electron & Nuclear Spin Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198807308
eISBN:
9780191845093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807308.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Here, some prospects for future studies in the field of electron and nuclear spin dynamics are outlined. In contrast to previous chapters where the electron interaction with multitude of nuclei was ... More


Early work and the Theory of Electrons

A. J. Kox and H. F. Schatz

in A Living Work of Art: The Life and Science of Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870500
eISBN:
9780191912825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870500.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Chapter 4 contains an overview of Lorentz’s early work in terms accessible to a general audience. It sheds light on his unique place in science and the importance of his ideas, especially in the ... More


Atomic Gases: Collisions and Trapping

Lev Pitaevskii and Sandro Stringari

in Bose-Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198758884
eISBN:
9780191818721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758884.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter provides a summary of some relevant interatomic collisional properties at low energy. Low-energy collisions allow for a fundamental understanding of the role of interactions in dilute ... More


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