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Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks

Mark David Spence

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195142433
eISBN:
9780199848812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195142433.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book examines the ideal of wilderness preservation in the United States from the antebellum era to the first half of the twentieth century, showing how the early conception of the wilderness as ... More


Post-Darwinian Visions of Divine Creation

John Gatta

in Making Nature Sacred: Literature, Religion, and the Environment in America from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195165050
eISBN:
9780199835140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165055.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Beginning in the latter half of the nineteenth century, Darwinism had a varied impact on American sensibilities. John Muir, for example, studied science and accepted the transmutative premise of ... More


Yosemite Indians and the National Park Ideal, 1916–1969

Mark David Spence

in Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195142433
eISBN:
9780199848812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195142433.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the creation of the National Park Service in 1916, which fulfilled preservationists' long-held dreams for a strong federal commitment to the preservation and enhancement of all ... More


The Battle Over Hetch Hetchy: America's Most Controversial Dam and the Birth of Modern Environmentalism

Robert W. Righter

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195149470
eISBN:
9780199788934
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149470.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This is the story of water, a valley, and a city. The city was San Francisco, the valley was Hetch Hetchy, and the waters were from the Tuolumne River watershed, located within Yosemite National ... More


The Uses of the Valley

Robert W. Righter

in The Battle Over Hetch Hetchy: America's Most Controversial Dam and the Birth of Modern Environmentalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195149470
eISBN:
9780199788934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149470.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Miwok Indians from the Central Valley and Piute Indians from east of the Sierra Nevada were the first peoples to inhabit the Hetch Hetchy Valley. They were transient inhabitants, spending the summer ... More


The Imperial City and Water

Robert W. Righter

in The Battle Over Hetch Hetchy: America's Most Controversial Dam and the Birth of Modern Environmentalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195149470
eISBN:
9780199788934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149470.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

During the second half of the 19th century, San Francisco grew from a village to a major city. Located on a peninsula, the city faced a perpetual water problem. Mayor James Phelan realized that if ... More


Politics of Nature

Bernard Debarbieux, Gilles Rudaz, and Martin F. Price

in The Mountain: A Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226031118
eISBN:
9780226031255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

The shift in scale, from local to national, which accompagnied the building of modern nation-state and the triumph of governmentality conditioned the adoption of new conceptions of the mountain and ... More


Vertical History: Using Mountains to Measure Men

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter continues the discussion of the life of Clarence King. King's search for natural truths bore the imprint of John Ruskin, but his obsession with masculine science and adventure as a means ... More


Introduction: From Common Ground

Mark David Spence

in Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195142433
eISBN:
9780199848812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195142433.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The idealization of uninhabited landscapes and establishment of the first national parks reflect important developments in late-nineteenth-century Indian policy. Although the creation of the first ... More


The Wild West, or Toward Separate Islands

Mark David Spence

in Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195142433
eISBN:
9780199848812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195142433.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the movement that lead to the creation of the first national parks. President Lincoln's 1864 signing of the Yosemite Park Act, which set aside fifteen square miles of the public ... More


The Heart of the Sierras, 1864–1916

Mark David Spence

in Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195142433
eISBN:
9780199848812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195142433.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter demonstrates that Yosemite Valley remained home to a permanent, relatively autonomous Indian village. While native residence in the valley stands in the marked contrast to other early ... More


“Come Suck Sequoia and Be Saved”

Mark I. Wallace

in When God Was a Bird: Christianity, Animism, and the Re-Enchantment of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823281329
eISBN:
9780823284955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281329.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 4 keys on John Muir’s ecstatic wilderness religion as a paradigm of the dialectic between Christianity and animism at the center of this book, namely, Christianimism. Muir’s nature evangelism ... More


“Shall This Destruction Proceed?”: Wilderness Preservation

Richard J. Orsi

in Sunset Limited: The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Development of the American West, 1850-1930

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520200197
eISBN:
9780520940864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200197.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the Southern Pacific's interest in conservation, particularly the preservation of the wilderness. It examines the effect of the construction and operation of these rail lines ... More


Figs

Joel Sachs

in Henry Cowell: A Man Made of Music

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195108958
eISBN:
9780190268015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195108958.003.0045
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter focuses on Henry Cowell's life and career in the late 1940s. In April 1945, Henry completed the periodic follow-up form for Lewis M. Terman's gifted program. That spring his wife Sidney ... More


Yosemite National Park: The Spirit of Complexity

Kerry Mitchell

in Spirituality and the State: Managing Nature and Experience in America's National Parks

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479886418
eISBN:
9781479865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479886418.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the visitors, volunteers, and rangers in Yosemite National Park. It discusses how the environment is managed to create the impression of harmony between nature and culture. It ... More


Mountains

Robert Wyss

in The Man Who Built the Sierra Club: A Life of David Brower

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231164467
eISBN:
9780231541312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164467.003.0003
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Brower’s childhood is difficult, in his twenties he becomes a world class mountain climber, establishes friendships that will last a lifetime but that will be sorely tested.


The Parallax Zoo

Ben A. Minteer

in The Ark and Beyond: The Evolution of Zoo and Aquarium Conservation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226538327
eISBN:
9780226538631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226538631.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The relationship between zoos and the wild is complex and often contradictory. The controlled and curated character of their existence means that zoo animals are not fully “wild,” at least compared ... More


The Garage in the Forest: E. P. Meinecke and the Development of the Modern Auto Campground

Terence Young

in Heading Out: A History of American Camping

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780801454028
eISBN:
9781501712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454028.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how the millions of campers who swarmed public facilities around the country led to their rapid deterioration. Lakes, woods, seashores, and deserts within a few hours' drive ... More


. From Muir and Alexander to Leopold and Carson

John G. T. Anderson

in Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

In which we make the transition from the nineteenth to the twentieth centuries as issues of conservation and preservation become entwined with natural history. John Muir’s travels both within the ... More


The Battle for Big Sur; or, Debating the National Environmental Ethic

Shelley Alden Brooks

in Big Sur: The Making of a Prized California Landscape

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520294417
eISBN:
9780520967540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520294417.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

At the end of the 1970s, Carmel resident Ansel Adams turned his considerable influence toward securing federal protection for the Big Sur coastline. Adams endeavored to secure the designation of a ... More


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