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Different Names of God

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter addresses a problem that must have plagued the rabbis a great deal: the undeniable fact that the Hebrew Bible uses various names for God, most prominent among them Elohim and the ... More


Biblical Prophets and Contemporary Environmental Ethics

Hilary Marlow

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199569052
eISBN:
9780191723230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569052.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In the context of growing concern over climate change and other environmental pressures, this book examines what an ecological reading of the biblical text can contribute to contemporary ... More


Who Can But Prophesy?: Creation Dialogue in the Book of Amos

Hilary Marlow

in Biblical Prophets and Contemporary Environmental Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199569052
eISBN:
9780191723230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569052.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter examines the nature and function of metaphor in the Old Testament and particularly the prophetic books, before moving to a detailed discussion of imagery of the non-human world. It ... More


 The Wilderness Tradition and the Origin of Israel

James K. Hoffmeier

in Ancient Israel in Sinai: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Wilderness Traditions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195155464
eISBN:
9780199835652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/0195155467.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The book concludes with discussing some implications of the wilderness tradition for the origins of Israel debate. The indigenous origins of Israel in and from the Canaanites is rejected because of ... More


A Demon at Work: Letting Benevolence Slip

James L. Crenshaw

in Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195140026
eISBN:
9780199835607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140028.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Rather than defining God as essentially good, one can attribute a flawed character to the supreme being. Two biblical stories reflect this approach to theodicy, describing YHWH, the special name for ... More


The Regnal Evaluation of Manasseh in 2 Kings 21:1–18

Marvin A. Sweeney

in King Josiah of Judah: The Lost Messiah of Israel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195133240
eISBN:
9780199834693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133242.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The present form of 2 Kings 21 in the Deuteronomistic History clearly blames King Manasseh of Judah for the Babylonian exile, insofar as it states that YHWH decided to destroy Jerusalem and the ... More


Zephaniah

Marvin A. Sweeney

in King Josiah of Judah: The Lost Messiah of Israel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195133240
eISBN:
9780199834693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133242.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Although many scholars maintain that the book of Zephaniah shows evidence of considerable editing during the postexilic period, a form‐critical analysis of the structure of the book indicates that it ... More


Jesus' Self‐Understanding

N. T. Wright

in The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248452
eISBN:
9780191600524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248451.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Tom Wright challenges the view that no first‐century Jew could think of incarnation, let alone believe himself to be the incarnate Son of God. Wright argues that Jesus understood his own journey to ... More


Exodus, Deuteronomy, Ruth, and Naaman

Gerald O'Collins, SJ

in Salvation for All: God's Other Peoples

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199238903
eISBN:
9780191696794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238903.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter highlights several books of the Bible including the Book of Exodus, Book of Deuteronomy, Book of Ruth, and Naaman the Syrian. The Book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah and the ... More


Balaam, Amos, and Jonah

Gerald O'Collins, SJ

in Salvation for All: God's Other Peoples

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199238903
eISBN:
9780191696794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238903.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter talks about the three prophets of God namely Balaam, Amos, and Jonah. Balaam was a foreign priest-diviner who showed himself obedient to the will of YHWH and delivered inspired oracles. ... More


Provisional Conclusions from the Old Testament

Gerald O'Collins, SJ

in Salvation for All: God's Other Peoples

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199238903
eISBN:
9780191696794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238903.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter provides provisional conclusions from the Old Testament (OT). It concludes that the relationship of YHWH, God of Israel, his divine personification, and wisdom, to other people stays in ... More


Children in Ancient Israel: The Hebrew Bible and Mesopotamia in Comparative Perspective

Shawn W. Flynn

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198784210
eISBN:
9780191826849
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198784210.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Flynn contributes to the emerging field of childhood studies in the Hebrew Bible by isolating stages of a child’s life and, through a comparative perspective, studies the place of children in the ... More


1–2 Samuel and 1 Kings: The United Monarchy: The Hope That (Mostly) Failed—Preface

Ellen F. Davis

in Opening Israel's Scriptures

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190260545
eISBN:
9780190260583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260545.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The semihistorical dramas in 1–2 Samuel and 1 Kings reflect complex and sometimes competing perspectives on the past, woven together into a large textured statement about human character, social ... More


From ʾEl ʿElyon to YHWH: Conflating Deities and Monotheistic Apologetics

Robert R. Cargill

in Melchizedek, King of Sodom: How Scribes Invented the Biblical Priest-King

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190946968
eISBN:
9780190946999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946968.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

This chapter examines the references to the deity (or deities) ʾEl ʿElyon in Gen. 14:19, 20, and 22. Using archaeological evidence in the form of Phoenician, Aramaic, and Hittite inscriptions, this ... More


Isaiah: Seeing the King—Isaiah 1–39

Ellen F. Davis

in Opening Israel's Scriptures

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190260545
eISBN:
9780190260583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260545.003.0026
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Isaiah is the most literarily complex of the prophetic books, and the one with the richest afterlife in both Jewish and Christian traditions. First Isaiah asserts the radical implications of YHWH’s ... More


Finding Judaism’s Founders

Mark Leuchter

in Varieties of Religious Invention: Founders and Their Functions in History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199359714
eISBN:
9780190264253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199359714.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The “myth” of Judaism’s origins involves a linear storyline beginning with patriarchs such as Abraham and Moses who broker a relationship between the people of ancient Israel and their deity YHWH, ... More


Once a Child, Always a Child

Shawn W. Flynn

in Children in Ancient Israel: The Hebrew Bible and Mesopotamia in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198784210
eISBN:
9780191826849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198784210.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

This final chapter is both a conclusion and a brief consideration of one final category in a child’s life. It offers an overview of how children likely functioned in the domestic cult, and thus ... More


Egypt, Land, and the Patron Deity in Emergent Israel

Mark Leuchter

in The Levites and the Boundaries of Israelite Identity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190665098
eISBN:
9780190665128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665098.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Emergent Israel’s position in the central Canaanite and Transjordanian highlands can be traced to an earlier culture of conflict between Egyptian forces and a precursor group identified in the ... More


Samuel as a Prophet

Mark Leuchter

in Samuel and the Shaping of Tradition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199659340
eISBN:
9780191806612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199659340.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the distinction between priests with oracular/prophetic characteristics and the emergence of a distinct prophetic class, and how the liminal nature inherent to Samuel's role as ... More


Samuel as a Judge

Mark Leuchter

in Samuel and the Shaping of Tradition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199659340
eISBN:
9780191806612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199659340.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines how both Levites and prophets carried juridical authority as YHWH's sacral agents. It first provides an overview of biblical law and jurisprudence in Israel before turning to a ... More


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