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Sexual Selection, Timing and an X–Y Homologous Gene: Did Homo Sapiens Speciate on the Y Chromosome?

Tim J. Crow

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter provides a theory of the speciation of modern Homo sapiens, that a single gene played a critical role in the transition from a precursor species. The theory is founded upon the ... More


Save the Males!

Sarah S. Richardson

in Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084688
eISBN:
9780226084718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Bringing about sweeping transformations in cultural gender roles and expectations, the feminist movement has also changed the backdrop of conventional ideas about gender. This cultural change now ... More


 The Origins and Evolution of Homo sapiens

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The notions of natural selection and drift also apply to humans and their biological and cultural evolution. The science of paleoanthropology explains human evolution through the study of ... More


Finding Our Roots: Did “Eve” Know “Adam”?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Unlike most of our genes, mitochondrial DNA is transmitted solely by mothers; males are a dead-end for the mitochondria. Evolutionary biologists have determined that the most recent common ancestor ... More


The evolution of sex chromosomes

Leo W. Beukeboom and Nicolas Perrin

in The Evolution of Sex Determination

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199657148
eISBN:
9780191748103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657148.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The chromosomes carrying the genes that determine sexes or mating types often show strong heteromorphy. This chapter discusses the evolutionary trajectories of sex chromosomes, from the initial ... More


A Chromosome for Maleness

Sarah S. Richardson

in Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084688
eISBN:
9780226084718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapters 5 and 6 explore the intellectual origins of the persistent identification of the Y with maleness and the X with femaleness. Chapter 5 focuses on the notorious case of the “XYY supermale ... More


Extraordinary Population Structure among the Baining of New Britain

Jason A. Wilder and Michael F. Hammer

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines with four unlinked loci the extent of divergence between two linguistically related Baining groups in New Britain. Although they are linguistically related and are less than 100 ... More


DNA Tests for Genetic Genealogy

Alan McHughen

in DNA Demystified: Unravelling the Double Helix

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190092962
eISBN:
9780190092993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092962.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter covers the different types of direct to consumer DNA tests for genealogy. They are technically similar but a bit different from those used for medical and health conditions, as genealogy ... More


The Geography of “Our Heritage”: From the Human Genome Diversity Project to the Genographic Project

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Human Genome Diversity Project was closely related to Cavalli-Sforza’d earlier research, especially as it was presented in History and Geography of Human Genes (1994). Not only the interest in ... More


Ancestry Testing and DNA: Uses, Limits, and Caveat Emptor

Troy Duster

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter explores the increasing direct consumer use of DNA tests for ancestry tracing as well as its capacities and limits. It also examines the use of Ancestral Informative Markers (AIMs) as a ... More


Human History as Brownian Motion, or How Genetic Trees and Gene Maps Draw Things Together

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with Cavalli-Sforza’s early work in the development of statistical and computer techniques to create human population trees on the basis of the genetics of blood groups. The ... More


Biological Relationships: MISSING LINKS

Elizabeth Weiss and James W. Springer

in Repatriation and Erasing the Past

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781683401575
eISBN:
9781683402237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401575.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Weiss and Springer explain the many ways anthropologists determine biological relatedness; DNA, mitochondrial DNA, Y-chromosome DNA, metric and nonmetric cranial and dental traits are all types of ... More


Species, Populations, and Groups in Hominin Evolution

Sarah Elton and Jason Dunn

in Population in the Human Sciences: Concepts, Models, Evidence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199688203
eISBN:
9780191767500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The analytical framework of human population genetics has completed a cycle: the lineage-based description of mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome diversity, where often populations vanished, to be ... More


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