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 Morality and Need

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality can enter deeply into human identity, but we can question whether its influence is a good thing for us. Though a traditional goal of moral philosophy is to establish that the individual’s ... More


The Mencius-Xunzi Debate in Early Confucian Ethics

Aaron Stalnaker

in Teaching Confucianism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195311600
eISBN:
9780199870707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311600.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter outlines the disagreement between Mencius and Xunzi and the deeper ethical issues these thinkers confront under this organizing principle, as they help articulate some of the most ... More


Guodian and Traditional Views of China

Holloway Kenneth W.

in Guodian: The Newly Discovered Seeds of Chinese Religious and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371451
eISBN:
9780199870653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371451.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter begins by contrasting the binary logic of the Guodian text “The Five Aspects of Conduct” with the Analects of Confucius and the Mencius. This properly situates the Guodian texts as a new ... More


An Old Mandate for a New State: On Jiang Qing’s Political Confucianism

Bai Tongdong

in A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154602
eISBN:
9781400844845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154602.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues in defense of Confucian politics, but rejects Jiang Qing's interpretation of Confucian constitutionalism. Jiang argues for a kind of Confucian constitutionalism that is grounded ... More


Debating with My Critics

Jiang Qing

in A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154602
eISBN:
9781400844845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154602.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter illustrates Jiang Qing's willingness to engage in substantive debate with his critics. Jiang's argumentative style is closest to the mode favored by Western liberal thinkers, though he ... More


Epilogue

Loubna El Amine

in Classical Confucian Political Thought: A New Interpretation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163048
eISBN:
9781400873944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163048.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This concluding chapter reviews how the book reconstructed the political vision offered in the three Classical Confucian texts: the Analects, Mencius, and Xinzu. For a long time, the Chinese ... More


The Art of Chinese Philosophy: Eight Classical Texts and How to Read Them

Paul Goldin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691200798
eISBN:
9780691200811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691200798.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book provides an unmatched introduction to eight of the most important works of classical Chinese philosophy—the Analects of Confucius, Mozi, Mencius, Laozi, Zhuangzi, Sunzi, Xunzi, and Han ... More


A Harmonious Society

Loubna El Amine

in Classical Confucian Political Thought: A New Interpretation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163048
eISBN:
9781400873944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163048.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines how Confucians prefer a society that produces a more exalted level of order. This higher level is achieved by means of rituals, which operate as an institutional mechanism for ... More


Rulers and Ministers

Loubna El Amine

in Classical Confucian Political Thought: A New Interpretation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163048
eISBN:
9781400873944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163048.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter looks at the division of labor between ruler and ministers needed to maintain the Confucian vision of an orderly society, in both its basic and exalted versions. It illustrates the ... More


Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Erica Fox Brindley

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Conventional wisdom has it that the concept of individualism was absent in early China. This book provides an important corrective to this view and persuasively argues that an idea of individualism ... More


Fear of the Divine

Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano

in Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172400
eISBN:
9780231539364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172400.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines one unnecessary fear that Epicurus believes is a main source of unhappiness: fear of the divine. With regards to fear of the divine, Epicurus is primarily concerned with plural ... More


The Wrong of Rudeness: Learning Modern Civility from Ancient Chinese Philosophy

Amy Olberding

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190880965
eISBN:
9780190880996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880965.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Being rude is often more gratifying and enjoyable than being polite. Likewise, rudeness can be a more accurate and powerful reflection of how I feel and think. This is especially true in a political ... More


Xunzi

Paul R. Goldin

in The Art of Chinese Philosophy: Eight Classical Texts and How to Read Them

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691200798
eISBN:
9780691200811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691200798.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter turns to Xunzi, one of the most popular philosophers throughout East Asia. He has been the subject of more books published in English over the past two decades than any other Chinese ... More


Shen Dao in the Early Chinese Intellectual Milieu

Eirik Lang Harris

in The Shenzi Fragments: A Philosophical Analysis and Translation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231177665
eISBN:
9780231542166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177665.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Works to situate Shen Dao in the early Chinese intellectual milieu and upon the philosophical landscape. The goal of this chapter is not merely to demonstrate that Shen Dao was deeply tied into the ... More


Morality and Art: A Little History

James Harold

in Dangerous Art: On Moral Criticism of Artworks

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197519769
eISBN:
9780197519790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519769.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter sets out the main questions to be explored more fully in the chapters to follow. It does this by studying three well-known debates about morality and art: from classical China, the ... More


A Song in Your Heart

in The Music between Us: Is Music a Universal Language?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226333281
eISBN:
9780226333274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226333274.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Philosophy of Music

According to Deryck Cooke, music is a language of the emotions, similar to speech. The psychologist Carroll C. Pratt also claims that music is a language of the emotions, while the ancient Confucian ... More


Xunzi

Wm. Theodore de Bary

in Finding Wisdom in East Asian Classics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153973
eISBN:
9780231527194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153973.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on Xunzi, regarded as one of the classic Masters for almost two millennia. Even though he was not chosen by the great Neo-Confucian philosopher Zhu Xi for inclusion in Zhu's ... More


Moral Cultivation, Filial Piety, and the Good Society in Classical Confucian Philosophy

Erin M. Cline

in Families of Virtue: Confucian and Western Views on Childhood Development

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171557
eISBN:
9780231539043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171557.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter serves as an introduction into the early Confucian notions about parent–child relationships, early childhood, and moral cultivation. It examines the close relationship between these ... More


Infants, Children, and Early Confucian Moral Cultivation

Erin M. Cline

in Families of Virtue: Confucian and Western Views on Childhood Development

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171557
eISBN:
9780231539043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171557.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter delves deeper into what early Confucian thinkers have to say about moral cultivation during childhood, especially in the earliest years of a child's life and youth. It presents three ... More


Reforms in Neo-Confucianism: The Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries

Barry C. Keenan

in Neo-Confucian Self-Cultivation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834968
eISBN:
9780824868499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834968.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter traces developments in Neo-Confucianism from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries. It begins with the remarkable amount of Neo-Confucian sacrifice brought about by the first fifty ... More


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