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Time-resolved X-ray diffraction

John M. Squire

in Current Methods in Muscle Physiology: Advantages, Problems and Limitations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523970
eISBN:
9780191724480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523970.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

In order to follow in detail the structural changes involved in dynamic molecular events in muscle that are central to the production and regulation of force and movement it is necessary to use a ... More


Coherent X-Ray Optics

David Paganin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book offers a grounding in the field of coherent X-ray optics, which in the closing years of the 20th century experienced something of a renaissance with the availability of third-generation ... More


Diffraction

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

in Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers the principles of the interaction of waves with obstacles and the manner in which information on the nature of an obstacle is contained within the resulting wave forms. The ... More


First analysis of macromolecular crystals

Sherin S. Abdel-Meguid, David Jeruzalmi, and Mark R. Sanderson

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The past decade and a half have witnessed an almost complete revolution in the way that macromolecular diffraction data are recorded. The promise of diffraction data measurements essentially free of ... More


X-Ray Diffraction

Kannan M. Krishnan

in Principles of Materials Characterization and Metrology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198830252
eISBN:
9780191868665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830252.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

X-rays diffraction is fundamental to understanding the structure and crystallography of biological, geological, or technological materials. X-rays scatter predominantly by the electrons in solids, ... More


Laboratory X-ray powder diffraction

Daniel Louër

in Structure Determination from Powder Diffraction Data

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205530
eISBN:
9780191718076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205530.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the performance and limitations of laboratory-based X-ray diffraction instrumentation for solving crystal structures ab initio from powder data. Instrumental and sample-related ... More


The Route to Crystal Structure Determination

André Authier

in Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199659845
eISBN:
9780191748219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659845.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter recalls the early developments of X-ray crystallography and how it spread throughout the world, and the first theoretical and experimental investigations that led to the determination of ... More


Structure refinement

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Structure refinement is a way to get more accurate atomic coordinates using ED intensities. A preliminary structure obtained from HRTEM or ED data can be refined with ED or X-ray powder diffraction ... More


Crystal symmetry and X-ray diffraction

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The study of crystal symmetry started as a study of the symmetry of macroscopic crystalline objects, mostly minerals. When it was realised that external symmetry reflected the internal symmetry of ... More


1912: The Discovery Of X‐Ray Diffraction and the Birth of X‐Ray Analysis

André Authier

in Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199659845
eISBN:
9780191748219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659845.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter tells the story of the discovery of X-ray diffraction and of its immediate aftermath. The scene is set in Munich, with the institutes of Groth, Röntgen, and Sommerfeld. The story starts ... More


Structural Crystallography and Phase Transitions

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses structural crystallography and phase transitions. If all atoms in a crystal were exactly at their official lattice sites and there were no order-disorder ambiguity as to the ... More


Diffraction

Jenny Pickworth Glusker and Kenneth N. Trueblood

in Crystal Structure Analysis: A Primer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199576340
eISBN:
9780191917905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199576340.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

A common approach to crystal structure analysis by X-ray diffraction presented in texts that have been written for nonspecialists involves the Bragg equation, and a discussion in terms of ... More


The diffraction of X-rays

Christopher Hammond

in The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738671
eISBN:
9780191801938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738671.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 9 illustrates the intensities of X-ray diffracted beams and considers atomic scattering factors, the structure factor equation, and its applications. Next, it analyses the broadening of ... More


Symmetry and X-ray diffraction

Mark Ladd

in Symmetry of Crystals and Molecules

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199670888
eISBN:
9780191781124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670888.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The generation and properties of X-rays and their diffraction by crystals are discussed. The collection of X-ray data by photographic and diffractometric methods is explained, leading to a discussion ... More


Origins of a Social Perspective: Doing Physical Chemistry in Weimar Berlin

Mary Jo Nye

in Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines Michael Polanyi's work in surface chemistry and X-ray diffraction by way of analyzing how he later drew upon his experiences in order to develop the notion of the “typical” or ... More


INTERACTION OF LIGHT WITH NON-CONDUCTING CRYSTALS

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the interaction of light with non-conducting crystals. Topics covered include infrared absorption, X-ray diffraction, effect of atomic vibrations, scattering of light, and ... More


Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

André Authier

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199659845
eISBN:
9780191748219
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659845.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

2012 marked the centenary of one of the most significant discoveries of the early twentieth century: the discovery of X-ray diffraction in March 1912 by Laue, Friedrich, and Knipping, and of the ... More


The Swinging Gate

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Newly appointed to the Rockefeller University in New York, Roderick MacKinnon embarks on X-ray diffraction studies, with the intention of eventually determining the 3-dimensional structure of ... More


A CENTURY OF THE HYDROGEN BOND (H-BOND)

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

in The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter summarizes the history of the H-bond from its first assessment by Huggins, Latimer, Rodebush, and Pauling in the years 1920–36. Attempts to get a complete H-bond theoretical ... More


The surface of ice

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Especially at temperatures approaching the melting point, the surface of ice has properties significantly different from the bulk, and the surface is sometimes referred to as having a ‘liquid-like ... More


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