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The Life, Work, and Times of the X Club

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The “Retrospective” provides an overview of the rise and decline of the X Club. Interacting theological, political, and scientific controversies in the early 1860s gave naturalists, physical ... More


Public Money and the Public Good

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter examines changing modes of support for scientific research and science education. The X-men were deeply committed to the expansion of science education but, contrary to historiographical ... More


Nature’s Shifting Audience, 1869–1875

Melinda Baldwin

in Making "Nature": The History of a Scientific Journal

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226261454
eISBN:
9780226261591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261591.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter tells the story of Nature’s foundation and its first few years of publication. Norman Lockyer, the astronomer who founded the journal with the financial backing of the publishing house ... More


Nature’s Contributors and the Changing of Britain’s Scientific Guard, 1872–1895

Melinda Baldwin

in Making "Nature": The History of a Scientific Journal

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226261454
eISBN:
9780226261591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261591.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how and why a younger generation of British scientists adopted Nature as a forum of scientific communication in the 1870s and 1880s. Although men of science Norman Lockyer’s age ... More


Evolutionary Naturalism on High: The Victorians Sequester the Alps

Michael S. Reidy

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A disproportionately large percentage of the most prominent evolutionary naturalists, and almost every member of the X-Club, traveled and climbed in the Swiss Alps. John Tyndall and Leslie Stephen, ... More


Religious Lives

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter describes Maxwell’s and Huxley’s backgrounds, particularly the formation of their views on and experience with religion. It shows the variety of “religion” present in the ... More


Physicians in neurological societies; neurologists in general medical societies

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the emergence of Britain's first Neurological Society by setting it in sharp contrast to its important specialist counterpart, the Ophthalmological Society of the United ... More


Lone Voices?

David Hutchings

in Of Popes and Unicorns: Science, Christianity, and How the Conflict Thesis Fooled the World

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780190053093
eISBN:
9780197612699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190053093.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter asks if Draper and White were indeed the sole originators of the conflict thesis, or whether there were others before and/or alongside them. Journeying from the French Revolution through ... More


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