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John Wyclif

Stephen Edmund Lahey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The 14th-century English philosopher and theologian John Wyclif (d. 1384) has been described as a forerunner of the Reformation, but is better understood as the last important thinker of Oxford’s ... More


A Material History of the Bible, England 1200-1553

Eyal Poleg

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197266717
eISBN:
9780191916045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266717.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book examines the production and use of Bibles in late medieval and early modern England. The analysis of hundreds of biblical manuscripts and prints reveals how scribes, printers, readers, and ... More


What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

What is a lollard? Generations of historians and propagandists, bishops and inquisitors, theologians and polemicists have asked this question about the dissenters who began to trouble the English ... More


Introduction: Family Resemblances

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The etymology of the term lollard remains a source of dispute among scholars: was it coined in the heat of the academic controversies in the University of Oxford in which John Wyclif and his ... More


Salvation

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter traces Wycliffite beliefs about salvation, starting with an analysis of Wyclif's doctrines of grace and predestination. Rather than espousing the view that God has arbitrarily elected ... More


The Eucharist

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Whereas many lollards never questioned a works‐oriented approach to the doctrine of salvation, dissenting views on the Eucharist reveal more substantial divergences from orthodoxy. The Mass was at ... More


Lay Marriage and Clerical Celibacy

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The fundamentally conservative impetus of much dissenting thought can perhaps best be seen in the areas of lay marriage and clerical celibacy, which this chapter examines. After surveying the ... More


Priesthood and its Discontents

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Whether married or otherwise, clergymen played an indispensable role in the practice of late medieval Christianity. This chapter studies lollard ideas about the sacrament of orders, including the ... More


The Papacy

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Building on the foundation laid down in the previous chapter, this chapter argues that a similar approach characterized Wyclif's and many Wycliffites' attitudes toward the pope: they criticized the ... More


Chapter Five. Carmelite Ecclesiology in the Fourteenth Century

ANDREW JOTISCHKY

in The Carmelites and Antiquity: Mendicants and their Pasts in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206347
eISBN:
9780191717055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206347.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In writing about their putative history, 14th-century Carmelites engaged with ecclesiology in new ways. Not only did they have to define their profession in relation to other friars, they also had to ... More


Polemic: False Apostles, False Seemings, False Starts

G. Geltner

in The Making of Medieval Antifraternalism: Polemic, Violence, Deviance, and Remembrance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639458
eISBN:
9780191741098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639458.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the literature associated with the medieval antifraternal tradition, a corpus of texts supposedly inspired by the Parisian theologian William of St Amour (d. c.1273) and united ... More


The Detection of Heresy in Late Medieval England

Ian Forrest

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286928
eISBN:
9780191713217
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286928.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Heresy was the most feared crime in the medieval moral universe. It was seen as a social disease capable of poisoning the body politic and shattering the unity of the church. The study of heresy in ... More


Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Fiona Somerset

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

“Lollard” is the name given to followers of John Wyclif, the English dissident theologian who was dismissed from Oxford University in 1381 for his arguments regarding the eucharist. A forceful and ... More


Men, Women, and Moral Jurisdiction: ‘The Friar's Tale’, ‘The Physician's Tale’, and the Pardoner

Alcuin Blamires

in Chaucer, Ethics, and Gender

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248674
eISBN:
9780191714696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248674.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter argues that jurisdiction was not only a politically charged topic — following Wyclif’s intervention in it — but also one of great ethical concern to Chaucer. The Friar’s Tale combines ... More


Preaching the Gospel

H. Leith Spencer

in English Preaching in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112037
eISBN:
9780191670664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112037.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses preaching of the gospel and the conflict between lay education and censorship. It describes the heretical preaching which the Church associates with John Wyclif. The Lollards ... More


Ad Dextram Patris: Hussite Influences on the Early Eucharistic Controversy

Amy Nelson Burnett

in Karlstadt and the Origins of the Eucharistic Controversy: A Study in the Circulation of Ideas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199753994
eISBN:
9780199894987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753994.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter describes arguments against Christ's corporeal presence developed by Hussite theologians in the fifteenth century that became prominent at the beginning of the eucharistic controversy. ... More


A Three-Sided Revolution

Christopher Hill

in Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution - Revisited

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206682
eISBN:
9780191677274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206682.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

A successful underground movement is likely to leave few traces. However, seventeenth-century propagandists were aware of continuities. John Cleveland spoke of ‘Presbyter Wyclif’ and ‘Tyler's ... More


Wycliffite Bibles and the Limits of Orthodoxy

Eyal Poleg

in A Material History of the Bible, England 1200-1553

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197266717
eISBN:
9780191916045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266717.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The first translation of the entire Bible into Middle English had originated among the followers of John Wyclif, an Oxford theologian whose followers incurred the wrath of Church and state. This ... More


Introduction

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This introductory chapter presents the background of the study on lollardy animating this book. After a brief discussion of the history of lollardy the chapter turns to a more in-depth overview of ... More


John Wyclif’s Universalist Approach to Universal Priesthood

Malcolm B. Yarnell III

in Royal Priesthood in the English Reformation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686254
eISBN:
9780191766152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686254.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Theology

Chapter 1 addresses John Wyclif’s doctrine of universal priesthood and subsequent misrepresentations of it, especially the assignment of modern individualism and antiecclesiasticism to him. Due to ... More


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