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From the Pre-Socratics to Plato and His School

ALAN SCOTT

in Origen and the Life of the Stars: A History of an Idea

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263616
eISBN:
9780191682612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263616.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter looks at the divinity of heavenly bodies from the pre-Socratics up to the time of Plato and his school. A formal cult of the stars was almost unknown in ancient Greece. Aristophanes, ... More


Speusippus and the Search for an Adequate System of Principles

John Dillon

in The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy (347-274 BC)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237662
eISBN:
9780191597336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237669.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Plato's nephew Speusippus was already over 60 when he assumed the headship of the Academy on his uncle's death, and his reign was short (347–339). Aristotle is our principle source for the Old ... More


Xenocrates and the Systematization of Platonism

John Dillon

in The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy (347-274 BC)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237662
eISBN:
9780191597336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237669.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Xenocrates, who had accompanied Plato on one of his visits to Sicily, became head of the Academy in 339 B.C. Xenocrates stays close to what he takes to be the cosmological doctrine of Plato's ... More


Minor Figures

John Dillon

in The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy (347-274 BC)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237662
eISBN:
9780191597336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237669.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Dillon considers four minor figures of the Academy: Philippus of Opus, Hermodorus of Syracuse, Heraclides of Pontus, who were all students of Plato; and Crantor of Soli, a ... More


The One

Ji Zhang

in One and Many: A Comparative Study of Plato's Philosophy and Daoism Represented by Ge Hong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835545
eISBN:
9780824871291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835545.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines how the One shapes different progenies of the One, and the One unfolds its essence into the plural existence of the many. This is the first argument concerning Ge Hong's two ... More


Composing the Cosmic: Harmonies of the Macrocosm

Andrew Hicks

in Composing the World: Harmony in the Medieval Platonic Cosmos

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190658205
eISBN:
9780190658236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190658205.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Philosophy of Music

This chapter completes the Boethian tripartition with a consideration of cosmic music. While the idea of the “music of the spheres” has garnered the most attention, indeed has become a reductive ... More


Proclus on the Psychê: World Soul and the Individual Soul

John F. Finamore and Emilie Kutash

in All From One: A Guide to Proclus

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199640331
eISBN:
9780191830129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640331.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Soul is the self-moving, self-constituting entity linking the transcendent with the immanent. Proclus distinguishes many types of souls. This chapter concentrates on the World Soul and the rational ... More


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