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INTRODUCTION: At the Tipping Point

Peter A. Gloor

in Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage through Collaborative Innovation Networks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304121
eISBN:
9780199789771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304121.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This introductory chapter offers a general definition of Collaborative Innovation Networks (COINs), lays out the motivation for why they matter to businesses, and presents the organization of the ... More


Teaching New Religious Movements on the World Wide Web

Douglas E. Cowan

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter considers NRMs and the Internet from two broad perspectives: (a) new religions on the Web, and (b) the Internet as both a pedagogical tool for teaching about NRMS and a sociological or ... More


Happy Surprises?: The Development of the World Wide Web and the Semantic Web

Yorick Wilks

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the unintended and unexpected benefits that have arisen from the development of computing technologies and most specifically the World Wide Web (WWW) and the Semantic Web (SW). ... More


Inventing the Web

Ilkka Tuomi

in Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269051
eISBN:
9780191699337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269051.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Innovation

This chapter illustrates the nature of innovation by outlining the history of the World Wide Web. It asks who invented the Web, what were the resources used in its invention, and what actually was ... More


Lectures on Complex Networks

Sergey Dorogovtsev

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book provides a concise modern introduction to the science of complex networks. The book is based on lectures for university students and non-specialists. The aim is to introduce the world of ... More


Development of core Internet standards: the work of IETF and W3C

Harald Alvestrand and Håkon Wium Lie

in Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561131
eISBN:
9780191721199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561131.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Political Economy

This chapter elaborates the processes of developing and adopting basic standards for data communication and storage on the Internet. The first part of the chapter focuses on the organizational ... More


Building cyberspace: a brief history of Internet

Jon Bing

in Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561131
eISBN:
9780191721199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561131.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Political Economy

This chapter provides a history of the development of the Internet in terms of its infrastructure, applications, and sources of inspiration. In doing so, it portrays the chief personalities, ideas, ... More


The Ecology of Information Foraging on the World Wide Web

Peter Pirolli

in Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a simultaneous analysis of the foraging environment posed by the Web and the behavior of the human forager shaped by the structure and constraints of that environment. ... More


Networks of information: A description of networks of information or data, with a particular focus on the World Wide Web and citation networks

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter focuses on information networks, consisting of items of data linked together in some way. Information networks are all, so far as we know, man-made, with perhaps the best known example ... More


Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Ilkka Tuomi

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269051
eISBN:
9780191699337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269051.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Innovation

This book argues that innovation is about creating meaning; that it is inherently social; and is grounded in existing social practices. To understand the social basis of innovation and technology ... More


From the Internet to cellular nets

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses and compares the structural properties of a few basic man-made and natural networks. It explains the principal difference between two global networks — the Internet and the ... More


Lessons from the History of the Internet

Manuel Castells

in The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199255771
eISBN:
9780191698279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255771.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter focuses on the critical lessons that can be derived from the building of the ARPANET in the 1960s to the outburst of the World Wide Web in the 1990s. It notes that the historical ... More


Evolution of Networks: From Biological Nets to the Internet and WWW

S.N. Dorogovtsev and J.F.F. Mendes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515906
eISBN:
9780191705670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515906.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The aim of this book is to understand networks and the basic principles of their structural organization and evolution. The ideas are presented in a clear and a pedagogical way. Special attention is ... More


The Use of Proximal Information Scent to Forage for Distal Content on the World Wide Web

Peter Pirolli

in Adaptive Perspectives on Human–Technology Interaction: Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195374827
eISBN:
9780199847693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374827.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes information foraging research on use of the World Wide Web (the Web). The particular focus is placed on a psychological theory of information scent that is embedded in a ... More


Conclusion

Shobna Nijhawan

in Women and Girls in the Hindi Public Sphere: Periodical Literature in Colonial North India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074076
eISBN:
9780199080922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074076.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter suggests that Hindi women’s periodicals are an example of how questions of representation and transformation were generated through a collective effort of publishing in the Hindi ... More


REAL NETWORKS

S. N. Dorogovtsev and J. F. F. Mendes

in Evolution of Networks: From Biological Nets to the Internet and WWW

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515906
eISBN:
9780191705670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515906.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter describes a set of basic real-world complex networks: networks of citations in scientific papers, the Internet and World Wide Web, collaboration networks, neural networks, networks of ... More


Rational Analyses of Information Scent and Web Foraging

Peter Pirolli

in Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a rational analysis of Web-foraging in which information scent plays a central role. Information scent is a part of an utility assessment involving the detection and use of ... More


A Cognitive Model of Information Foraging on the Web

Peter Pirolli

in Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents SNIF-ACT (Scent-based Navigation and Information Foraging in the ACT architecture), which is a cognitive model that implements the rational analysis of Web-foraging within the ... More


Communication and the Evolution of Cognition

James A. Evans

in Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The cognitive institutions of knowledge and culture emerge, circulate, and evolve through communication. This chapter explores the scaffolding role of communication protocols and structures, which ... More


From Computers to Cyberspace: Virtual Reality, the Virtual Nation, and the CorpoNation

Stephanie Ricker Schulte

in Cached: Decoding the Internet in Global Popular Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708668
eISBN:
9780814788684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708668.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines the emergence of the “World Wide Web”—the Internet's best-known hypertext system—when the global nature of the Internet became an animating idea in news media and popular ... More


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