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Personal Religiosity and Religion in Politics

M. Steven Fish

in Are Muslims Distinctive?: A Look at the Evidence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199769209
eISBN:
9780190252502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769209.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines whether Muslims are more religious than non-Muslims and resistant to secularism. Using data from the World Values Survey (WVS) conducted in 1999–2004 and 2005–2008, it evaluates ... More


Looking Forward: Understanding Associations and Trust Patterns

Meghan Elizabeth Kallman, Terry Nichols Clark, Cary Wu, and Jean Yen-Chun Lin

in The Third Sector: Community Organizations, NGOs, and Nonprofits

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040436
eISBN:
9780252098857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040436.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the issues of legitimacy and trust by focusing on membership in different types of social organizations. More specifically, it considers how leaders in different political ... More


The Three Cultures in the World Values Survey

Miguel E. Basáñez and Ronald F. Inglehart

in A World of Three Cultures: Honor, Achievement and Joy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190270360
eISBN:
9780190270407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270360.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter makes extensive use of data produced by the World Values Survey, the largest body of survey research available on the topic of culture and values, gathered through public opinion polling ... More


The Global Shift in Attitudes toward Homosexuality

Jeremiah J. Garretson

in The Path to Gay Rights: How Activism and Coming Out Changed Public Opinion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781479822133
eISBN:
9781479824236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479822133.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter broadens the scope of the book outside the United States and shows that advances in support for gay rights have been broader than previously thought. Using the World and European Values ... More


Empirical Analysis

Miguel E. Basáñez and Ronald F. Inglehart

in A World of Three Cultures: Honor, Achievement and Joy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190270360
eISBN:
9780190270407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270360.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Geert Hofstede, Ronald Inglehart, and Shalom Schwartz are the main contributors to the empirical analysis of values through survey research. Hofstede, looking at culture from the perspective of ... More


Measuring Value Diversity within Countries

Sjoerd Beugelsdijk and Mariko J. Klasing

in Social Economics: Current and Emerging Avenues

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035651
eISBN:
9780262337915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Diversity research has shown that ethno-linguistic, religious, and genetic diversity are related to a variety of socio-economic outcomes. We complement this literature by focusing on a dimension of ... More


A World of Three Cultures: Honor, Achievement and Joy

Miguel E. Basáñez

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190270360
eISBN:
9780190270407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270360.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Political scientists have recognized the importance of human values in development for hundreds of years, going back at least as far as Max Weber and Alexis de Tocqueville, but the field is still ... More


The Political Effects of Changing Public Opinion in Egypt: A Story of Revolution

Ishac Diwan

in Young Generation Awakening: Economics, Society, and Policy on the Eve of the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190224615
eISBN:
9780190224622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190224615.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at changes in public opinion in Egypt, using the 2000 and 2008 World Values Survey. During this period, there was a major increase in popular support for democracy, a rise in ... More


Dimensions of Cultural Variation

Peter B. Smith

in The Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190679743
eISBN:
9780190679774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190679743.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

To understand cultural differences, we need to find ways to characterize the variations in the social contexts in which people are located. To do so, we must focus on differences between contexts ... More


The Objective and Subjective Development Indices

Miguel E. Basáñez and Ronald F. Inglehart

in A World of Three Cultures: Honor, Achievement and Joy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190270360
eISBN:
9780190270407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270360.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Current measures of development are not helping countries set their incentives and priorities properly. This chapter discusses some shortcomings of current methods of measuring development (including ... More


Corruption and Crime

M. Steven Fish

in Are Muslims Distinctive?: A Look at the Evidence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199769209
eISBN:
9780190252502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769209.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the relationship between Islam and social disorder, with particular reference to corruption and crime. Using data drawn from the World Values Survey (WVS), it evaluates whether ... More


How Trust in Social Dilemmas Evolves with Age

Martin G. Kocher

in Trust in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190630782
eISBN:
9780190630812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630782.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

While trust and trustworthiness provide a fundamental foundation for human relationships, little is known about how trusting and trustworthy behavior in social dilemmas is related to age and aging. A ... More


Keep the Change

Paul F. Steinberg

in Who Rules the Earth?: How Social Rules Shape Our Planet and Our Lives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199896615
eISBN:
9780197563250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199896615.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

On a fall morning in 1980, Pitzer College freshman George Somogyi walked out of his dormitory, looked up, and froze in his tracks. In front of him was ... More


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