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The WPA and the (Short-Lived) Triumph of Nativism

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses the subsequent battle over citizenship and legal status restrictions in the Works Progress Administration (WPA), and the local implementation of those restrictions. When the ... More


Economic Equality, Racial Erasure: The Spatial and Cultural Interventions of Federal Public Works Agencies

Ocean Howell

in Making the Mission: Planning and Ethnicity in San Francisco

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226141398
eISBN:
9780226290287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290287.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

As the Mission District suffered through the Great Depression, a number of New Deal agencies intervened to invest in infrastructure. The Mission hosted major projects from the Works Progress ... More


Neither Nurses nor Maids

Eileen Boris and Jennifer Klein

in Caring for America: Home Health Workers in the Shadow of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195329117
eISBN:
9780199949496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329117.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter locates the origins of home care as a distinct occupation in the visiting housekeeper programs of the New Deal. With private social welfare agencies and public hospitals reeling from the ... More


The WPA and the Opening of the American Arts

Jennifer C. Lena

in Entitled: Discriminating Tastes and the Expansion of the Arts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691158914
eISBN:
9780691189840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158914.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on the infusion of state subsidies during the New Deal, which accelerated the pace of artistic legitimation and widened its path. Federal and state governments paid for the ... More


Old Slaves, New Deal: Communists and the WPA

Robin D. G. Kelley

in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625485
eISBN:
9781469625508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the federal government's relief agency, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in Alabama. Launched in 1935 to provide emergency work relief through public works, the WPA in ... More


Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Catherine A. Stewart

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

From 1936 to 1939, the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration collected life stories from more than 2,300 former slaves. These narratives are now widely used as a source to ... More


The Politics of Home in Hard Times

Jeffrey Helgeson

in Crucibles of Black Empowerment: Chicago’s Neighborhood Politics from the New Deal to Harold Washington

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226130699
eISBN:
9780226130729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226130729.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines black women’s “politics of home” during the Great Depression. The chapter builds upon historian Earl Lewis’s notion of the “home sphere,” in which political actors envision ... More


Not One Cent for Religion

Alison Collis Greene

in No Depression in Heaven: Religion and the Great Depression in the Mississippi Delta

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199371877
eISBN:
9780199371907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199371877.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 5 focuses on religious responses to the second New Deal, as outlined in thousands of letters from clergy in Memphis and the Delta to President Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt prompted clergy to ... More


“To Wallop the Ladies”: Woman Blaming and Nation Saving in the Rhetoric of Emergency Relief

Holly Allen

in Forgotten Men and Fallen Women: The Cultural Politics of New Deal Narratives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453571
eISBN:
9780801455841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453571.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how woman blaming and nation saving came to be intertwined with the rhetoric of emergency relief during the Great Depression. The intersection of gender, race, and politics in ... More


Asks for Nothing Except to Serve

David L. Roll

in The Hopkins Touch: Harry Hopkins and the Forging of the Alliance to Defeat Hitler

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199891955
eISBN:
9780190254544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199891955.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on Harry Hopkins's road to Washington as the most powerful man under Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration. It first considers Hopkins's tenure as executive director of the ... More


Introduction

Peter Gough and Peggy Seeger

in Sounds of the New Deal: The Federal Music Project in the West

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039041
eISBN:
9780252097010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039041.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Federal Music Project (FMP). Initiated in 1935 as a part of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal plan for fiscal recovery, the FMP composed ... More


Democratic Art: The New Deal's Influence on American Culture

Sharon Ann Musher

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247182
eISBN:
9780226247212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226247212.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This work seeks to understand why the temporary flowering of government funding of the arts for needy artists and intellectuals during the Great Depression was both so robust and so fleeting. It ... More


The Struggle to Survive

Sam F. Stack

in The Arthurdale Community School: Education and Reform in Depression Era Appalachia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813166889
eISBN:
9780813167855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166889.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter chronicles the second and final year of the progressive contingent of educators and their work at the Arthurdale School. Beginning the second year of the educational experiment, the ... More


Culture for the People: How Government Has Fostered the Arts and Culture

Steven Conn (ed.)

in To Promote the General Welfare: The Case for Big Government

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199858538
eISBN:
9780190254537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199858538.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the federal government's arts and cultural policies. Topics covered include the problem of patronage in a democratic society; Roosevelt's creation of the Works Progress ... More


Heart of the Depression

Ronald D. Cohen

in Depression Folk: Grassroots Music and Left-Wing Politics in 1930s America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469628813
eISBN:
9781469628837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628813.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, American

As the New Deal quickened in 1935, the federal government increasingly emphasized job creation along with the promotion of the arts through the Works Progress Administration. Alan and John Lomax at ... More


Coda Desperate Times Call for Distant Friends: Franklin Roosevelt as the Last Good King?

Gregory P. Downs

in Declarations of Dependence: The Long Reconstruction of Popular Politics in the South, 1861-1908

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834442
eISBN:
9781469603407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877760_downs.11
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses how, after the white supremacy campaign, a federal interviewer called on an aged ex-slave from Jones County, North Carolina, at her residence in Saint Louis, Missouri. Despite ... More


Compositional Beginnings, 1933–1936

Amy C. Beal

in Johanna Beyer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039157
eISBN:
9780252097133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039157.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter examines Beyer's compositional beginnings. Aside from several solo pieces composed in 1931 and 1932—a piano waltz and two solo clarinet suites, respectively—Beyer composed several ... More


Radio Beckons

Sonja D. Williams

in Word Warrior: Richard Durham, Radio, and Freedom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039874
eISBN:
9780252097980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039874.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on Richard Durham's involvement with the Works Progress Administration's (WPA) Illinois Writers' Project (IWP). Created by the federal government in 1935, the WPA funded ... More


The U.S. Unemployment Rate: Development and Debate

Frank Stricker

in American Unemployment: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780252043154
eISBN:
9780252052033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043154.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Creating a scientific survey of unemployment in the 1930s and 1940s was an advance for people’s understanding of unemployment and for rational government policy. Many government officials, including ... More


Finding Lost Stories of Love: Remembering Love and Legacy amid Loss

SuEllen Hamkins

in The Art of Narrative Psychiatry: Stories of Strength and Meaning

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199982042
eISBN:
9780197563366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199982042.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

“‘I have no son Danny,’” Daniel said, with bitterness. “That’s what my father said to me when he was near death. Thirteen years ago, I go to see him in the hospital, and he’s there in the bed with ... More


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