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Objectified Body/Embodied Subject1

Adelyn Lim

in Transnational Feminism and Women's Movements In Post-1997 Hong Kong: Solidarity Beyond the State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888139378
eISBN:
9789888313174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139378.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter examines advocacy for the recognition of prostitution as legitimate work and sex workers as working women. The global restructuring of capital has reinforced the exploitation of gendered ... More


The Shop Stewards' Movement, 1917–1919

in The Political Trajectory of J. T. Murphy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237334
eISBN:
9781846313813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313813.004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The wartime shop stewards in Britain were more concerned with industrial tactics than class struggle. Even J. T. Murphy did not, at least during the war years, progress beyond tactical thinking. ... More


The National Unemployed Workers’ Movement

K. D. Ewing and C. A. Gearty

in The Struggle for Civil Liberties: Political Freedom and the Rule of Law in Britain, 1914-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198762515
eISBN:
9780191695193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198762515.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the protestion that was engendered by the decisions made by the government during the 1930s after the start of the national economic collapse. This event led to a period of ... More


Taking a Stand: The Response of the Unemployed 1931–34

Stephanie Ward

in Unemployment and the state in Britain: The means test and protest in 1930s south Wales and north-east England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086809
eISBN:
9781781705995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086809.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter draws together the themes of the previous two chapters to analyse how the unemployed responded to the means test. While many studies of the unemployed have noted that the movement ... More


Towards Bolshevism, 1919–1920

in The Political Trajectory of J. T. Murphy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237334
eISBN:
9781846313813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313813.005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

After World War I, J. T. Murphy became full-time chair of the Sheffield Workers' Committee and assistant secretary of the National Administrative Council of the Shop Stewards' and Workers' Committee ... More


Pedagogical Experiments in the Brazilian Countryside

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Chapter 1 analyzes the pedagogical experiments that MST activists developed in the Brazilian countryside in the 1980s and 1990s. In the early 1980s these educational experiments were largely isolated ... More


Mobilising Protest Networks II (2007–2011)

Jeroen Gunning and Ilan Zvi Baron

in Why Occupy a Square?: People, Protests and Movements in the Egyptian Revolution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199394982
eISBN:
9780190214135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394982.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter continues the previous chapter’s analysis of the evolution of the protest networks that initiated the ‘25 January revolution’. It examines the workers’ protests that became the heart of ... More


Inhabitancy, Custom Law, and the Landless: From Enclosures to Energy Security

Robert P. Marzec

in Militarizing the Environment: Climate Change and the Security State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816697229
eISBN:
9781452953564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816697229.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Chapter Two offers a substantive genealogy of environmentality specifically in relation to the enclosure movements and common law’s erasure of “inhabitancy” as a viable form of human subjectivity. It ... More


Introduction: Education and the Long March through the Institutions

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

The Introduction presents the basic goals of the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement’s agrarian reform struggle and explains how its educational proposal is part and parcel of achieving those goals. ... More


Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Rebecca Tarlau

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Contrary to the conventional belief that social movements cannot engage the state without becoming co-opted and demobilized, this study shows how movements can advance their struggles by ... More


Transforming Universities to Build a Movement: The Case of PRONERA

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Chapter 2 focuses on the MST’s most important educational program, the National Program for Education in Areas of Agrarian Reform (PRONERA), created in 1998 and put under the auspices of the National ... More


From the Pedagogy of the MST to Educação do Campo: Expansion, Transformation, and Compromise

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Chapter 3 shows how the institutionalization of movement goals can sometimes look like a process of social movement absorption. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the MST’s local educational ... More


Land Struggles in the Global South: Strategic Innovations in Brazil and India

Kurt Schock

in Strategies for Social Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816672899
eISBN:
9781452947174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816672899.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses two rural social movement organizations (SMOs) that have waged militant struggles for land reform through nonviolent resistance. First is the Landless Rural Workers Movement in ... More


Rio Grande do Sul: Political Regimes and Social Movement Co-Governance

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Chapter 4 focuses on the MST’s educational struggle in Rio Grande do Sul, where the movement first began to experiment with new pedagogical approaches in the early 1980s. Rio Grande do Sul is an ... More


Conclusion: Social Movement Strategy, Education, and Social Change in the Twenty-First Century

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

The Conclusion reflects on the significance of the MST’s educational initiatives for understanding states, social movements, and education. The chapter revisits the theoretical claims in the ... More


Epilogue: What Is Left of the Brazilian Left?

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

The Epilogue reflects on the future of the MST’s political struggle—and that of the Brazilian left more broadly—in the context of the 2016 ousting of the Workers’ Party (PT) from the federal ... More


Scotland in the 1930s

Fraser Raeburn

in Scots and the Spanish Civil War: Solidarity, Activism and Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474459471
eISBN:
9781474491365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474459471.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Scotland suffered acutely from the economic and political crises of the interwar period, with industrial decline, mass unemployment and cultural uncertainty in evidence by the early 1920s. This ... More


The Rise of the Shamateur

Matthew P. Llewellyn and John Gleaves

in The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040351
eISBN:
9780252098772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040351.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter details the rise of the “shamateur” during the postwar years. The steady postwar globalization and growth of the Olympic Movement necessitated that the International Olympic Committee ... More


Pernambuco: Patronage, Leadership, and Educational Change

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Chapter 5 analyzes the MST’s attempt to transform public schools in the state of Pernambuco, beginning in the late 1990s after the movement already developed a national pedagogical proposal. This ... More


Ceará: The Influence of National Advocacy on Regional Trajectories

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Chapter 6 analyzes the MST’s engagement with public schools in Ceará in the late 2000s, in a very different context, when the movement’s educational initiatives are already recognized nationally. ... More


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