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Specific Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Attention

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 9 addresses the complex issues that face research on neurodevelopmental disorders. These include the complexities of gene expression and taxonomies of cognitive processes, shared phenotypes, ... More


Genes and Atypical Attention

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 3 introduces the six core neurodevelopmental disorders and their genetic origins. The genetics of four disorders (Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome and 22q11 deletion ... More


Everyone’s Friend? The Case of Williams Syndrome

Deborah M. Riby, Vicki Bruce, and Ali Jawaid

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0092
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Williams syndrome is a genetic disorder that creates distinctive cognitive, behavioral, and social profiles. In this chapter, we explore components of the social profile associated with the disorder ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Emily K. Farran and Annette Karmiloff-Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Nowadays, it is widely accepted that there is no single influence (be it nature or nurture) on cognitive development. Cognitive abilities emerge as a result of interactions between gene expression, ... More


Clinical profile: Diagnosis and prognosis

Kay Metcalfe

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes the clinical profile of Williams syndrome (WS) to illustrate how atypical development proceeds in WS. It covers physical appearance, cardiovascular abnormalities ... More


Development, Music, and Social Contact

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines normal neonatal orientation to sounds as well as developmental disorders that affect musical sensibility, including Williams syndrome, a form of hypersocial expression coupled ... More


What Neurodevelopmental Disorders Can Reveal about Cognitive Architecture: The Example of Theory of Mind *

Helen Tager‐Flusberg

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with an overview of the controversy surrounding the study of children and adults with neurodevelopmental disorders, and how these inform theories of neurocognitive architecture. ... More


Visual perception and visuospatial cognition

Emily K. Farran and Susan C. Formby

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0060
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

One of the core cognitive characteristics of Williams syndrome (WS) is the marked contrast between poor levels of visuospatial ability relative to stronger verbal abilities. Visuospatial cognition ... More


Later language

Vesna Stojanovik

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0057
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the literature on linguistic abilities in English-speaking older children, adolescents, and adults with Williams syndrome (WS) regarding morphosyntax, phonology, lexical ... More


Genes: The gene expression approach

Lucy R. Osborne

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Williams syndrome (WS) is caused by the hemizygous deletion (deletion of one of the two copies) of more than twenty-five genes on the long arm of human chromosome 7. The deletion occurs during ... More


Adult outcomes and integration into society

Chris Stinton and Patricia Howlin

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of outcomes in adult life for individuals with Williams syndrome (WS), focusing on areas such as physical and mental health, social outcomes, and cognitive and ... More


Mental state understanding and social interaction

Ruth Campos and María Sotillo

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0071
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

A prominent characteristic of individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) is their hypersociability or overfriendliness. This chapter probed deeper into the social domain to explore mental state ... More


Social Engagement in Williams Syndrome

Helen Tager-Flusberg and Daniela Pleas-Skwerer

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Unique insights into understanding gene–brain–behaviour relationships could be obtained from genetically based neurodevelopmental disorders, especially Williams Syndrome (WS), which is useful in ... More


Cognition: The developmental trajectory approach

Michael S. C. Thomas, Harry R. Purser, and Jo Van Herwegen

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

One emphasis of this volume is on the use of developmental trajectories in the study of developmental disabilities. This chapter focuses on theoretical, methodological, and analytical issues ... More


Memory

Stefano Vicari and Deny Menghini

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0049
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews recent literature and experimental studies on memory and learning development in people with Williams syndrome (WS). Following a developmental perspective, it reports on the ... More


Precursors to language and early language

Carolyn B. Mervis and Angela E. John

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0055
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on precursors to language acquisition and the acquisition of language by toddlers, preschool children, and early primary-school children who have Williams syndrome (WS). It ... More


Literacy

Yvonne M. Griffiths

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0076
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the evidence on reading development in Williams syndrome (WS) and two other genetically based neurodevelopmental disorders of language — dyslexia and Down syndrome (DS). By ... More


Advances in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders: An Introduction

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter emphasizes the importance of rooting research in an interdisciplinary framework that can investigate attention across multiple levels: genetic, brain, cognitive, and ... More


Attention

Kate Breckenridge, Janette Atkinson, and Oliver Braddick

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0040
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter analyses the developing processes of attention in early childhood, in the context of a model in which ‘attention’ comprises a number of distinct, but related, processes. First it briefly ... More


Executive function and motor planning

Kerry D. Hudson and Emily K. Farran

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0051
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter shows that executive functions and motor planning are impaired in Williams syndrome (WS). It assesses inhibition (such as inhibition of a prepotent response) and its influence on social ... More


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