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Doctrinal Prologue

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter presents the theological context in which Melanchthon operated. The soteriologies of nine major figures in the western Christian tradition are given, with an emphasis on their ... More


Introduction

GEORGE GARNETT

in Marsilius of Padua and 'the Truth of History'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199291564
eISBN:
9780191710520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291564.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Medieval History

This chapter begins by showing how the standard modern English translation of Defensor Pacis has encouraged an already existing Anglophone tendency to impose on the Defensor Pacis modern liberal, ... More


The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book examines the three leading traditional solutions to the dilemma of divine foreknowledge and human free will—those arising from Boethius, William of Ockham, and Luis de Molina. Though all ... More


Material Swords and Literal Lights: The Status of Allegory in William of Ockham's Breviloquium on Papal Power

A. J. Minnis

in With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137279
eISBN:
9780199849482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137279.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

At Luke 22:38, the disciples are presented as saying to Jesus, “Lord, behold, there are two swords”. The significance of the “two swords” (one drawn and the other undrawn) doctrine was debated from ... More


Ockham

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses how William of Ockham answers some questions that John Duns Scotus appears to leave unsettled. Ockham has become notorious for ... More


Intellections and Volitions in Ockham’s Nominalism

Claude Panaccio

in Emotion and Cognitive Life in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199579914
eISBN:
9780191745959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579914.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The goal of this paper is to explain how the fourteenth-century philosopher William of Ockham conceived of the relations between the intellect and the will within the framework of his nominalist ... More


Nominalism, Naturalism, and the Intensification of Passion Piety

Richard Viladesau

in The Beauty of the Cross: The Passion of Christ in Theology and the Arts from the Catacombs to the Eve of the Renaissance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188110
eISBN:
9780199784738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019518811X.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The fresco of the crucifixion by Giotto in the Arena chapel represents the beginning of naturalism in Western painting. The theology of the cross during this period shows the increasing influence of ... More


Challenges to the Papacy

Stuart Elden

in The Birth of Territory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226202563
eISBN:
9780226041285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226041285.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter looks at challenges to the power of the Papacy in the late Middle Ages. It begins with a discussion of the dispute between Pope Boniface VIII and King Philip the Fair of France. This was ... More


The Ockhamist Solution

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Perhaps the most widely discussed solution to the divine foreknowledge dilemma in recent years is the Ockhamist solution. Many variations of it have been proposed, and some are probably not very ... More


The Foreknowledge Dilemmas

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The problem of divine foreknowledge forces the religious person to give up one of a pair of beliefs both of which are central to Christian practice. These beliefs are, first, that God has infallibly ... More


Unsettling Judgment: Knowledge, Belief, and the Crisis of Authority

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter traces the breakdown of the medieval vocabulary of justification that was characterized by certain knowledge on one hand (scientia) and probable belief on the other (opinio). Terms ... More


Ockham on the Parts of the Continuum

Magali Roques

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy Volume 5

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198806035
eISBN:
9780191843938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806035.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This paper argues that, for Ockham, the parts of the continuum exist in act in the continuum: they are already there before any division of the continuum. Yet, they are infinitely many in that no ... More


Ockham’s Intervention

Claude Panaccio

in Mental Language: From Plato to William of Ockham

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272600
eISBN:
9780823272648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272600.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter is dedicated to William of Ockham’s full-fledged theory of mental language. It shows how it was first developed on the basis of a reflection on what the objects of knowledge are, ... More


Emotion and Cognitive Life in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy

Martin Pickavé and Lisa Shapiro (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199579914
eISBN:
9780191745959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579914.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume has three aims. First, historians of philosophy have typically focused on the discussions of the moral relevance of emotions, and with the exception of scholars of ancient philosophy, ... More


Postscript to the English-Language Edition (2014)

Claude Panaccio

in Mental Language: From Plato to William of Ockham

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272600
eISBN:
9780823272648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272600.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Especially written for the English version, this Postscript discusses a number of recently published contributions on the history of mental language in connection with the claims made in the present ... More


Pope John XXII and his Franciscan Cardinal: Bertrand de la Tour and the Apostolic Poverty Controversy

Patrick Nold

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268757
eISBN:
9780191708510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268757.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The debate over the poverty of Christ and his apostles under Pope John XXII (1316-1334) is one of the most famous intellectual controversies of the Middle Ages. The story of the uncompromising pope ... More


The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision

Richard Cross

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269748
eISBN:
9780191683787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269748.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Duns Scotus, along with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, was one of the three most talented and influential of the medieval schoolmen, and a highly original and ... More


Emotion and Cognition in Later Medieval Philosophy: The Case of Adam Wodeham

Martin Pickavé

in Emotion and Cognitive Life in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199579914
eISBN:
9780191745959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579914.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The idea that emotions are cognitive mental states is at the heart of many modern accounts of the emotions. This paper examines how medieval philosophers of the late thirteenth and early fourteenth ... More


Walter Chatton’s Rejection of Final Causality

Kamil Majcherek

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy Volume 7

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845515
eISBN:
9780191880704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845515.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The paper examines Walter Chatton’s rejection of final causality. At the core of Chatton’s theory lies the claim that there are four kinds of cause (material, formal, efficient, and final), but only ... More


The Politics of Consent (ii): politia ecclesiastica

Francis Oakley

in The Watershed of Modern Politics: Law, Virtue, Kingship, and Consent (1300-1650)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300194432
eISBN:
9780300213799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300194432.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter addresses the highly distinctive ecclesiologies hammered by Marsiglio of Padua and William of Ockham to examine the degree to which they contributed to the understanding of the nature ... More


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