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Whewell and the Reform of Inductive Philosophy

in Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226767338
eISBN:
9780226767352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767352.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter shows that Whewell and Jones were engaged from their early undergraduate days in what they believed to be their “mission,” namely, to “bring the people to the right way of viewing ... More


Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society

Laura J. Snyder

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226767338
eISBN:
9780226767352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767352.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Victorian period in Britain was an “age of reform.” It is therefore not surprising that two of the era's most eminent intellects described themselves as reformers. Both William Whewell and John ... More


“Tidology”

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In the early 1830s John William Lubbock, while contributing to the tide tables published for the London docks, also introduced William Whewell, his former tutor at Trinity College, Cambridge, to the ... More


Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Michael S. Reidy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.001.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In the first half of the nineteenth century, the British sought to master the physical properties of the oceans; in the second half, they lorded over large portions of the oceans' outer rim. The ... More


Calculated Collaborations

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

It was local tide calculators, not elite theorists, who advanced the study of the tides in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, perfecting Daniel Bernoulli's equilibrium theory through ... More


The Tide Crusade

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0006
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter examines the multinational tidal experiments of 1834 and 1835 to demonstrate the collaborative nature of research in physical astronomy. In particular, it highlights the collaboration ... More


Creating Space for the “Scientist”

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0008
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter extends William Whewell's spatial and disciplinary shaping of the field of tidology to his equally ambitious shaping of the “scientist,” or full-time devotee. Science for Whewell was a ... More


Introduction “Reforming the Philosophy of the Age”

in Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226767338
eISBN:
9780226767352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767352.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the views of the two eminent mid-nineteenth-century reformers—William Whewell and John Stuart Mill—on the reform of philosophy as well as the world. Both Whewell and Mill saw ... More


The Art of Science: Nineteenth-Century Theory and the Logic of Practice

Philipp Erchinger

in Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines how nineteenth-century philosophers from William Paley and Charles Darwin to John S. Mill and William Whewell described and debated the relations between art and science as well ... More


Achinstein and Whewell on Theoretical Coherence

Gregory J Morgan

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In his Particles and Waves, Peter Achinstein gives a precise probabilistic version of theoretical coherence inspired by William Whewell's somewhat vague notion of coherence. Whewell believed that as ... More


Varieties of Natural History: The Whole of the Natural and the Known

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

John Herschel defines science by the knowledge of many systematically arranged to be consumed by one, distinguishing likewise between two forms of natural history: the first concerning the world as a ... More


Use And Reception: Biography of Two Images

Omar W. Nasim

in Observing By Hand: Sketching the Nebulae in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084374
eISBN:
9780226084404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084404.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 provides a broader cultural, historical, and philosophical context for the work of Lord Rosse and by extension other nebular researchers. By following the public circulation and ... More


Intuitionism and Common Sense

J. B. Schneewind

in Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249313
eISBN:
9780191598357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249314.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Thomas Reid and William Whewell were the two central figures in ethical intuitionism in the 19th century. Sidgwick was likely to have studied them during the early stage of his development, since his ... More


The Author and the Referee

Alex Csiszar

in The Scientific Journal: Authorship and the Politics of Knowledge in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226553238
eISBN:
9780226553375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553375.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the late 1820s, British scientific practitioners joined political crusaders calling for the reform of institutions of governance. Among other things, scientific reformers wanted means of ... More


Introduction: The Littoral in Science and History

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In the first half of the nineteenth century, the British learned to manage the oceans; in the second half, they ruled over large portions of the oceans' rims. Extending their reconnaissance from the ... More


Conclusion: The Tides of Empire

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0009
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Scientific interest in the ocean followed directly from the growing popular fascination in the late eighteenth century with the natural history and physical topography of the seashore. Beginning in ... More


Coming Up with an Explanation

Richard Swedberg

in The Art of Social Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155227
eISBN:
9781400850358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155227.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter explores various ways of coming up with an explanation. These include Charles S. Peirce's notion of abduction, or his theory of how to come up with an explanation from the practical ... More


Two Beginnings: An Overture in the First Person

Menachem Fisch

in Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226514482
eISBN:
9780226514659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226514659.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter describes how the project of Creatively Undecided evolved out of my earlier work. The works of George Peacock, William Whewell, John Herschel and W. R. Hamilton I studied during the 1990s ... More


William Morris’s ‘Work-Pleasure’: Literature, Science and Fine Art

Philipp Erchinger

in Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter seeks to elucidate nineteenth-century conceptions of art as fine art. Taking its cue from Raymond Williams’s account of a divorce of (fine) art from (technical) work, the chapter pursues ... More


The Uniformity of Life (1831–32)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0025
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the second volume of Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology and its reception. Lamarckian transformism was forcefully rejected in this volume. Instead Lyell argued that organic ... More


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