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Evidential Arguments from Evil, against the Existence of God

Bruce Langtry

in God, the Best, and Evil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter attacks four recent, representative evidential arguments: Michael Tooley's, William L. Rowe's, and J. L. Schellenberg's, and an argument from horrific evils, arising from Chapter 6. ... More


Divine Choice from Infinite Hierarchies of Creatable Worlds

Bruce Langtry

in God, the Best, and Evil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

We do not know whether there are prime worlds. But William L. Rowe holds that there are none, and he (and various other recent authors) argues that this entails that God does not exist. This chapter ... More


The Local Argument from Evil

Peter van Inwagen

in The Problem of Evil: The Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of St Andrews in 2003

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199245604
eISBN:
9780191715310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245604.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Local arguments from evil proceed not from a premise about ‘all the evils of the world’, but from a premise about a single horrible event. They take the form, ‘If there were a God, that would not ... More


A Cross-Cultural Approach to the Problem of Evil: Sri Ramakrishna, the Rowe-Alston Debate, and Hick’s Soul-Making Theodicy

Ayon Maharaj

in Infinite Paths to Infinite Reality: Sri Ramakrishna and Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190868239
eISBN:
9780190868260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868239.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter adopts a cross-cultural approach to the problem of evil by bringing Sri Ramakrishna into conversation with recent analytic philosophers. Maharaj begins by exploring the philosophical ... More


Exclusivism about Salvation

Robert McKim

in On Religious Diversity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774029
eISBN:
9780199932610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774029.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Exclusivism about salvation, or salvific exclusivism, is understood to combine two claims. First, only one's own tradition delivers salvation, and, second, only members of one's own tradition can ... More


Skeptical Theism and Undercutting Defeat

M. J. Almeida

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers William Rowe’s (later) direct and (earlier) indirect evidential arguments from evil. Specifically, it shows that the direct argument offers no improvement over the indirect ... More


God and Suffering

Laura W. Ekstrom

in God, Suffering, and the Value of Free Will

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780197556412
eISBN:
9780197556443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197556412.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter launches a new investigation of the question of God’s existence, examining it against the reality of human suffering and bringing to the fore contentious presuppositions concerning ... More


The Ontological Argument: Patching Plantinga’s Ontological Argument by Making the Murdoch Move

Elizabeth D. Burns

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

William Rowe claims that Anselm’s ontological argument, as restated by Alvin Plantinga, begs the question because, in order to know the truth of the key premise—“It is possible that God exists in ... More


The Best Thing in Life Is Free: The Compatibility of God’s Freedom and His Essential Moral Perfection

Kevin Timpe

in Free Will and Classical Theism: The Significance of Freedom in Perfect Being Theology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190611200
eISBN:
9780190611224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611200.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

A number of scholars have claimed that, on the assumption of incompatibilism, there is a conflict between God’s freedom and God’s essential moral perfection. Jesse Couenhoven, for instance, thinks ... More


God and Gratuitous Evil: A Response to Klaas Kraay

William Hasker

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 9

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845492
eISBN:
9780191880698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845492.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In Chapter 3 of this volume, Klaas Kraay presented a critique of William Hasker’s necessity-of-gratuitous-evil defense against the evidential problem of evil (the NGE defense). Hasker’s response here ... More


The Argument from Evil and the Ethics of the Anselmian Being

Mark C. Murphy

in God's Own Ethics: Norms of divine agency and the argument from evil

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198796916
eISBN:
9780191840043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796916.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Prior formulations of the problem of evil, for example, by J. L. Mackie, William Rowe, and Paul Draper, assume that God must have requiring reasons to prevent evils to creatures, and use that ... More


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