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Before Negative and Positive Liberty

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The negative conception of freedom as non‐interference and the positive conception of freedom as self‐mastery are not the only available ideals of liberty; a third alternative is the conception of ... More


Liberty as Non‐Domination

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Interference involves an intentional or quasi‐intentional worsening of someone's choice situation and occurs on an arbitrary basis to the extent that it is not forced to track the interests and ideas ... More


Chance and Providence in the Thought of William Paley

Alister E. McGrath

in Abraham's Dice: Chance and Providence in the Monotheistic Traditions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190277154
eISBN:
9780190277185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277154.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The influential popular writer William Paley articulated his attitude toward chance and disorder in his landmark work Natural Theology, published in 1802. This work shaped many early ... More


Biology in the service of natural theology: Paley, Darwin, and the Bridgewater Treatises

Jonathan R. Topham

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In his Natural Theology (1802), the eighteenth-century Anglican theologian William Paley compares a watch with objects in nature, arguing that “every manifestation of design, which existed in the ... More


The Art of Science: Nineteenth-Century Theory and the Logic of Practice

Philipp Erchinger

in Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines how nineteenth-century philosophers from William Paley and Charles Darwin to John S. Mill and William Whewell described and debated the relations between art and science as well ... More


Darwin’s Origin

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0040
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin did not share all of Heinrich Georg Bronn’s concerns about the status of biology and paleontology as independent Wissenschaften. Unlike Bronn, Darwin was not interested in patterns in ... More


Science and Darwinism

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0056
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter fifty-six takes a close look at Hodge’s lifelong commitment and interest in science. As many as twenty percent of Repertory articles concerned themselves with science, and Hodge remained ... More


Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

John Reiss

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

More than two centuries ago, William Paley introduced his famous metaphor of the universe as a watch made by the Creator. For him, the exquisite structure of the universe necessitated a designer. ... More


The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 offers a structured synopsis of the history of natural theology from Xenophanes to Richard Swinburne. It is argued, for example, that the Five Ways of Thomas Aquinas are outdated, and that ... More


The Immunization of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians who aim at confirming the theistic hypothesis by adducing empirical evidence are confronted by the dilemma of God-of-the-gaps. Either theism predicts no specific phenomena at all, ... More


The Marginality of Genesis 1

Jason Rosenhouse

in Among the Creationists: Dispatches from the Anti-Evolutionist Frontline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744633
eISBN:
9780190267827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744633.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In this chapter, the author considers what religion says about evolution. He reflects on his experience as a participant in the one-day “Darwin vs. Design” conference held in Knoxville, Tennessee, in ... More


The Problem of the Evolvability of Gene Regulation Networks

Roger Sansom

in Ingenious Genes: How Gene Regulation Networks Evolve to Control Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195812
eISBN:
9780262298209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195812.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the superb engineering of organisms, which was the foundation of the argument from design for the existence of God. This argument was most famously presented by the natural ... More


The Predictive Power of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theism can be a theory or existential hypothesis to be confirmed by empirical evidence only if it has some predictive power. Theists should (and do) prefer a purely logical definition of predictive ... More


Love Thy Neighbour as Thyself

Timothy Larsen

in John Stuart Mill: A Secular Life

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198753155
eISBN:
9780191814815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753155.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Philosophy of Religion

The focus of this chapter is on the mature Mill and Utilitarianism, not least his 1861 treatise of that name which attempted to offer a broader, more defensible version of the Benthamite legacy. It ... More


Arguments from Providence and from Miracles: Of Miracles: The State of the Art and the Uses of History

Timothy McGrew

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The mid-20th century consensus regarding Hume’s critique of reported miracles has broken down dramatically in recent years thanks to the application of probabilistic analysis to the issue and the ... More


The Eighteenth Century

Michael Ruse

in Darwinism as Religion: What Literature Tells Us about Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190241025
eISBN:
9780190241056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241025.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The big battle in the eighteenth century, the Age of the Enlightenment, was between Providence—we can do nothing save through the Blood of the Lamb—and Progress—we humans can improve our lot through ... More


Deism

Leslie Stevenson

in Eighteen Takes on God: A Short Guide for Those Who Are Still Perplexed

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190066109
eISBN:
9780190066130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190066109.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Deism believes in a God who created the world in the beginning but does not intervene in it thereafter. It represents an unstable compromise between traditional theism and scientific determinism.


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