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Langland and Chaucer

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to another pair struggling with the Problem of Paganism: William Langland and Geoffrey Chaucer. For Langland, the Problem is an issue addressed directly, with the focus on the ... More


Piers Plowman and Social Likeness: How to Know God “Kyndely”

Eleanor Johnson

in Staging Contemplation: Participatory Theology in Middle English Prose, Verse, and Drama

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226572031
eISBN:
9780226572208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226572208.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter analyzes how the rebarbative and difficult poem Piers Plowman stages participatory contemplation through poetic language. Focusing on the poetic forms of likeness that stud the ... More


Dowel, the Proverbial, and the Vernacular: Some Versions of Pastoralia

Anne Middleton

in Medieval Poetics and Social Practice: Responding to the Work of Penn R. Szittya

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243242
eISBN:
9780823243280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243242.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This essay begins with Piers Plowman's use of the adage “Do well and have well,” a phrase that elegantly interweaves poetics and social practice. It prescribes practice within a form that reveals the ... More


“Fader and formour”: Langland’s Creator Kynde

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter reads Kynde as the consequence of Langland’s conception of the Christian deity as a “ful God” (B.17.168). Complicating the poem’s frequent association of kynde and need, it draws ... More


Medieval Poetics and Social Practice: Responding to the Work of Penn R. Szittya

Seeta Chaganti

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243242
eISBN:
9780823243280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243242.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This collection responds to the critical legacy of Penn R. Szittya. Its contributors investigate how medieval poetic language uniquely reflects and also shapes social, political, and religious ... More


Beyond Measure: Langland’s Law of Kynde

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

Chapter 4 argues that Langland associates kynde with the tradition of natural law described by Alan of Lille as the innate desire to love God and neighbor and codified by Gratian’s Decretum in terms ... More


Grammaticalization and Literary Form

Christopher Cannon

in From Literacy to Literature: England, 1300–1400

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198779438
eISBN:
9780191824562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779438.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, World Literature

Middle English poetry was grammaticalized because it sometimes took the form of basic exercises of literacy training. This is apparent in William Langland’s Piers Plowman, which can look at ... More


“Diuerse siȝtes”: Encyclopedism and Interpretation in Piers Plowman

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter reads the narrator’s quest for “kynde knowynge” in the context of contemporary discourses on the value of the natural world as a site for knowledge. In his efforts to discover truth ... More


“Fullynge” Kynde: Nature, Salvation, and Human Action in Piers Plowman

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

Developing the previous chapter’s concerns with judgment and burden-bearing, Chapter 5 examines the poem’s associations of evangelism and the obligations of kynde. In B.15 Anima contends that ... More


From Cosmos to Microcosm: Nature, Allegory, Humanism

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

By tracing Natura’s appearances in Bernard Silvestris’s Cosmographia, Alan of Lille’s De planctu naturae and Anticlaudianus, and in the vernacular contributions of Jean de Meun’s Roman de la rose, ... More


Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Rebecca Davis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature explores the relationship of divine creativity, poetry, and ethics in William Langland’s fourteenth-century allegory. These concerns converge in the poem’s rich ... More


To Speak in Print (1551)

Matthew Woodcock

in Thomas Churchyard: Pen, Sword, and Ego

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199684304
eISBN:
9780191764974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684304.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter discusses Churchyard’s first publication, the contentious broadside poem Davy Dycars Dreame, which appeared in the summer of 1551. It proposes that this poem and the contention it ... More


From Literacy to Literature: England, 1300–1400

Christopher Cannon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198779438
eISBN:
9780191824562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779438.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, World Literature

The first lessons we learn in school can stay with us all our lives, but this was nowhere more true than in the last decades of the fourteenth century when grammar-school students were not only ... More


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