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Nationalism, Nostalgia, and the Campaign to Save the Bison

in Nature's Ghosts: Confronting Extinction from the Age of Jefferson to the Age of Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226038148
eISBN:
9780226038155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226038155.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In early 1886, William Temple Hornaday, the chief taxidermist at the U.S. National Museum, had bison on the brain. A decade before, the species that had come to symbolize the Great Plains had been ... More


“A Gathering Place for Amateur Naturalists”: Ward’s and the Birth of the Habitat Group

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ward’s Natural Science Establishment played a foundational role in America’s new taxidermy movement. In 1862, Henry A. Ward founded the establishment in Rochester, New York, to serve as a natural ... More


“Breathing New Life into Stuffed Animals”: The Society of American Taxidermists

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Society of American Taxidermists (1880-1885), founded by William T. Hornaday and Frederic A. Lucas, promoted in the United States Sir William Henry Flower’s new museum idea, by encouraging ... More


“The Destruction Wrought by Man”: Smithsonian Taxidermy and the Birth of Wildlife Conservation

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

While at the Smithsonian Institution, William T. Hornaday, Frederic A. Lucas, and Charles H. Townsend did pioneering work as taxidermist-naturalists. Tasked with collecting specimens to build the ... More


The Natural Historians

Michael J. Lannoo

in This Land Is Your Land: The Story of Field Biology in America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226358475
eISBN:
9780226358505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226358505.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

In this chapter I explore the role of field biology as practiced by the naturalists. By the middle of the nineteenth century, the early primitive surveys by easterners and Europeans had given way to ... More


“The Duty to Conserve”: Museums and the Fight to Save Endangered Marine Mammals

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Frederic Lucas, head of exhibits at the U. S. National Museum, endeavored to design exhibits to educate the public about the need for species conservation. Since serving with Charles Townsend, now ... More


American Zoos: A Shifting Balance between Recreation and Conservation

Pamela M. Henson

in The Ark and Beyond: The Evolution of Zoo and Aquarium Conservation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226538327
eISBN:
9780226538631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226538631.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

American zoos went through significant changes in basic goals during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, from parks for recreation and education to centers for conservation of endangered species. ... More


Introduction

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The taxidermists who trained at Ward’s Natural Science Establishment in Rochester, New York, in the 1870s and 1880s, formed a uniquely important cohort of “museum men” and early conservationists. ... More


(Re)Introducing the Przewalski’s Horse

Nigel Rothfels

in The Ark and Beyond: The Evolution of Zoo and Aquarium Conservation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226538327
eISBN:
9780226538631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226538631.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter critiques general claims about zoological gardens serving as “arks” for species that have become, or are endangered from becoming, extinct in the wild by examining the case of the ... More


Epilogue

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the brief history of American museum taxidermy, the natural history museum shifted its focus from pure research to include dissemination of knowledge through exhibits and public education. The ... More


Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Mary Anne Andrei

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The taxidermists who mounted specimens and created educational exhibits for America’s natural history museums, zoos, and aquaria of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries were also among ... More


Modern Nature

in Modern Nature: The Rise of the Biological Perspective in Germany

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226610894
eISBN:
9780226610924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610924.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter suggests what German story has to contribute to the broader histories of biology and of science more generally. The emergence of the biological perspective was a significant development ... More


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