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Open, But How Much? Growth,Conflict, and Institutional Evolution in Open‐Source Communities 1

Juan Mateos-Garcia and W. Edward Steinmueller

in Community, Economic Creativity, and Organization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545490
eISBN:
9780191720093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545490.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

If ‘open source’ is taken as a practice employed in organizing human knowledge-related activities, it may be applied more broadly than just with software. Wherever it is used this chapter contends ... More


Collaborative Innovation through Swarm Creativity

Peter A. Gloor

in Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage through Collaborative Innovation Networks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304121
eISBN:
9780199789771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304121.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter presents the concept of “swarm creativity”, beginning with the concept of swarm intelligence as observed in insects and drawing the parallels between social insects and collaborators in ... More


Reconstructing Catholic Expansion

Karin Vélez

in The Miraculous Flying House of Loreto

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691174006
eISBN:
9780691184494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174006.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. It begins by recapitulating the three entry points for analysis that have been tested in this book: beginning with anchoring ... More


The Millian Epistemological Argument for Autonomy Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter applies the Millian epistemology to ground a robust, inalienable right to freedom of expression and to ground the other autonomy rights, as necessary for the process of the social ... More


Having Your Say: Blogs and Beyond

NAOMI S. BARON

in Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195313055
eISBN:
9780199871094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313055.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter looks at blogs, YouTube, and Wikipedia, focusing on how these social media emerged and why they have experienced such meteoric growth. At least part of the answer seems to be that new ... More


Social and cognitive networks

Guido Caldarelli

in Scale-Free Networks: Complex Webs in Nature and Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199211517
eISBN:
9780191705984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211517.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter studies the properties of social and cognitive networks, including collaborative and linguistic networks such as Wikipedia.


The Culture of Connectivity: A Critical History of Social Media

Jose van Dijck

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199970773
eISBN:
9780199307425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970773.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This book studies the rise of social media in the first decade of the twenty-first century, up until 2012. It provides both a historical and a critical analysis of the emergence of networking ... More


Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Dariusz Jemielniak

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This book describes the results of a six-year ethnographic research project on Wikipedia. It explains how Wikipedia's theoretically ahierarchical system may increase Wikipedians’ perception of ... More


Kaleidoscopic Pedagogy in the Classroom Laboratory

Ryan Cordell, Benjamin J. Doyle, and Elizabeth Hopwood

in Teaching with Digital Humanities: Tools and Methods for Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042232
eISBN:
9780252050978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042232.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Ryan Cordell, Benjamin Doyle, and Elizabeth Hopwood’s essay seizes a nineteenth-century invention, the kaleidoscope, as a model and metaphor for pedagogical practices and learning spaces that ... More


Wikipedia in Short: Numbers, Rules, and Editors

Dariusz Jemielniak

in Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter gives a short introduction to Wikipedia and the Wikipedia community. After describing the origins and growth of Wikipedia, and providing facts and figures, it examines some of the ... More


Formal Roles and HierarcHy: A Cabal That Rules the World

Dariusz Jemielniak

in Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter describes the functioning of the parahierarchy on Wikipedia and the expectations (and their gradual increase) that the community has for its functionaries. It addresses the paradox of ... More


Wikipedia and the Neutrality Principle

José van Dijck

in The Culture of Connectivity: A Critical History of Social Media

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199970773
eISBN:
9780199307425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970773.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Chapter 7 traces the history of Wikipedia, which started out as a collaborative project in 2001 to grow into a professionally run, volunteer-based, non-profit organization whose goal is the online ... More


Creating Boundaries in the Virtual Jazz Community

Ken Prouty

in Jazz/Not Jazz: The Music and Its Boundaries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271036
eISBN:
9780520951358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271036.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter examines a variety of virtual communities on the World Wide Web where the boundaries of jazz and of the jazz community are negotiated. The creation of jazz articles on Wikipedia ... More


A Hyperlinked Past: Theorizing Retroactive Continuity

Andrew J. Friedenthal

in Retcon Game: Retroactive Continuity and the Hyperlinking of America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496811325
eISBN:
9781496811363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496811325.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This is a brief introduction to the major themes and topics that will be covered by the book. It defines retroactive continuity/retconning and connects that narrative technique to the prevalence of ... More


Citation Needed: Wikipedia and the Mutability of the Past

Andrew J. Friedenthal

in Retcon Game: Retroactive Continuity and the Hyperlinking of America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496811325
eISBN:
9781496811363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496811325.003.0047
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This chapter explores how the concepts of historical revisionism, mutable pasts, and even retroactive continuity have increasingly become a part of life in the 21st century. This is seen most clearly ... More


Introduction

Dariusz Jemielniak

in Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter introduces open-collaboration communities in general and Wikipedia studies in particular. It describes Wikipedia as a unique phenomenon: the largest collaborative project of humankind, ... More


Conflict Resolution on Wikipedia: Why Die for Danzig?

Dariusz Jemielniak

in Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter is dedicated to conflicts on Wikipedia. It explains that while egregious errors are easily dealt with, when more fundamental and nontrivial details are under consideration, conflicts on ... More


Trust in People and Trust in Procedures: The Truth Is Out There

Dariusz Jemielniak

in Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter delves into a puzzle: How can a community that is so strict in terms of procedures and rules be so lax in terms of verification of credentials? A case study of a major scandal on ... More


Between Anarchy and Bureaucracy: Wikimedia Governance

Dariusz Jemielniak

in Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter presents the major internal stakeholders of the Wikimedia movement: the Wikimedia Foundation (WMF), the local chapters, and the Wikipedia communities. It describes the power struggles ... More


Leadership Transformed: The Pros and Cons of Benevolent Dictatorship

Dariusz Jemielniak

in Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter draws on the previous considerations about organization and management in open-collaboration movements to analyze the phenomenon of personal leadership, examining the example of Jimmy ... More


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