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Introduction

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the aim of this book, which is the development of a contextualist approach to epistemology. This is followed by a discussion of the ... More


The Case for Cognitivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the position of Wiggins and McDowell. This theory is fatally incomplete, rather than fatally flawed. It is a view of moral truth and enquiry that has been much misunderstood, ... More


Values, Norms, and the Practical

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rejects the view that Wiggins’s and McDowell’s theories of moral motivation postulate an objectionable form of inherent normativity in a moral agent’s recognition of value. Their ... More


Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties II: Sortal Concepts and Principles of Individuation

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines David Wiggins’s version of sortal essentialism, which relies on the EPI thesis, that a thing’s principle of individuation is essential to it in order to derive the result that ... More


Rylean Arguments: Ancient and Modern

Paul F. Snowdon

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter is a critical and interpretative discussion of Ryle's views on knowing how, in particular as presented in his early paper ‘Knowing How and Knowing That.’ Some preliminary evidence is ... More


Extending the Occasional Identity Thesis

André Gallois

in Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261833
eISBN:
9780191698798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261833.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the relevance of philosopher David Wiggins' only A and B rule for identity to the occasional identity thesis. This rule states that A's having a relation (R) to B must be such ... More


Why Frege Does not Deserve His Grain of Salt: A Note on the Paradox of ‘The Concept Horse’ and the Ascription of Bedeutungen to Predicates

Crispin Wright

in The Reason's Proper Study: Essays towards a Neo-Fregean Philosophy of Mathematics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236399
eISBN:
9780191597565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236395.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This paper offers a new solution to the concept horse paradox, which arises within a Fregean semantics. First, an explication of the well‐known paradox is given and five constraints on a satisfactory ... More


Natural Goodness and ‘Second Nature’: John McDowell and David Wiggins

Angus Ritchie

in From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines John McDowell's ‘re-enchanted’ naturalism; a position that builds on Foot's and seeks to answer the objection advanced in Chapter 5. After offering an exposition of McDowell's ... More


In Favor of Four‐Dimensionalism, Part 2: The Best Unified Theory of the Paradoxes of Coincidence

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We need a general solution to a cluster of related paradoxes in which numerically distinct material objects appear to share exactly the same parts. Those paradoxes include the statue and the lump of ... More


Prose, Poetry, and Songs of Labor

Theresa Lloyd (ed.)

in Writing Appalachia: An Anthology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178790
eISBN:
9780813178806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178790.003.0704
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

Mountain society changed dramatically with rapid post-Civil War industrialization, which laid the groundwork for the region’s wide-scale poverty and dependency. The hardships of work and oppressive ... More


Persons, Animals, Ourselves

Paul F. Snowdon

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719618
eISBN:
9780191788703
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719618.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The starting point for this book is a particular answer to the fundamental question — what kind of thing are we? The particular answer is that we are animals (of a certain sort)—a view nowadays ... More


John Stuart Mill and the Meaning of Life

Elijah Millgram

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190873240
eISBN:
9780190873271
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873240.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The popular view that the meaning of a life should be a project is assessed by examining a life that did have that shape. John Stuart Mill’s utilitarian life project is described, and is argued to be ... More


Rank, deference and empathy

James McDermott

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

Tribunalists came from widely different backgrounds and enjoyed markedly dissimilar expectations of themselves and their immediate society. In the early months of the Tribunal system, many single ... More


Atypical Victims: Females and White Males

Amy Kate Bailey and Stewart E. Tolnay

in Lynched: The Victims of Southern Mob Violence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620879
eISBN:
9781469623092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620879.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the characteristics of atypical lynch victims—women and white men—and the circumstances surrounding their murders. Among them is Bob Sims, a white man living in Choctaw ... More


Practical Concepts

Jonathan Dancy

in Thick Concepts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672349
eISBN:
9780191751325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672349.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

This paper builds on an earlier paper, ‘In Defence of Thick Concepts’, in which it was denied that instantiations of a thick concept invoke a single attitudinal response, and always the same one. The ... More


Response-Dependent Value

Mark LeBar

in The Value of Living Well

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199931118
eISBN:
9780199345717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931118.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter explains how the account of norms for success in practical reason underwrite a conception of the metaphysics of value properties as response-dependent, along the lines suggested by John ... More


How I Feel

Elizabeth Cassidy Parker

in Adolescents on Music

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190671358
eISBN:
9780190671396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190671358.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 4 focuses on adolescent feelings, including two large concepts: (1)musical perseverance and vulnerability, and (2) musical agency. Adolescents share their feelings about making music—how they ... More


Hop Center of the World

Peter A. Kopp

in Hoptopia: A World of Agriculture and Beer in Oregon's Willamette Valley

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520277472
eISBN:
9780520965058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277472.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the first decade of the twentieth century, Oregon became the leading hop producer in the United States, with the Willamette Valley contributing millions of pounds of hops to the world’s brewers. ... More


Disentangling and Shapelessness

Simon Kirchin

in Thick Evaluation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198803430
eISBN:
9780191841613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803430.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a second anti-separationist strategy, namely the thought that if one separates thick concepts into thin evaluation and nonevaluative, descriptive content, as separationists ... More


Music

Arna Bontemps

in The Negro in Illinois: The WPA Papers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037696
eISBN:
9780252094958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.003.0027
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines Negro music as well as musicians such as singers, instrumentalists, directors, and composers in Illinois in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It begins with a ... More


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