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The Sandys White Paper of 1957

Martins S. Navias

in Nuclear Weapons and British Strategic Planning, 1955–1958

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277545
eISBN:
9780191684180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277545.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In 1957 the new Minister of Defence, Duncan Sandys, sought to mould British defence policy and force structure to reflect the exigencies of war in the thermonuclear age. His termination of national ... More


Nuclear Weapons and British Strategic Planning, 1955–1958

Martin S. Navias

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277545
eISBN:
9780191684180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277545.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the 1950s nuclear weapons began to play an increasingly important role in Britain’s defence policy. The development of thermonuclear bombs and assessments of the great destruction that would ... More


Government or Transnational Governance?

Erik O. Eriksen

in The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572519
eISBN:
9780191722400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572519.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

This chapter addresses the prospects for democratizing transnational governance structures and asks whether democracy can be disassociated from government. Hierarchical government is increasingly ... More


At the Point of a Larger Conflict

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses the existence of support for the AHRB during its struggle for recognition and acceptance. In January 22, 2003, the White Paper on the Future of Higher Education created uproar. ... More


The Ford Administration: The White Paper on Drug Abuse

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses Gerald Ford's role in quenching the drug use issue that still existed within the United States. It reviews the 1976 federal strategy report, which summarized the areas where ... More


The Shift to Multilateral Venues, 1992–1995

Rosemary Foot

in Rights Beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297765
eISBN:
9780191599279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297769.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first 18 months after the Tiananmen bloodshed marked the height of global criticism of China's human rights record, but the years 1992–1995 quickly gave some indication of the difficulties that ... More


British Jewry and Zionist State- and Nation-Building

Stephan E. C. Wendehorst

in British Jewry, Zionism, and the Jewish State, 1936-1956

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199265305
eISBN:
9780191730849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265305.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

Part II examines how British Jews related to Zionist state- and nation-building in the Middle East as participants in the transnational Jewish sphere of interaction. It charts the Peel Commission, ... More


The Rail Review and its Aftermath, 2004–5

Terry Gourvish

in Britain’s Railways, 1997–2005: Labour's Strategic Experiment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199236602
eISBN:
9780191696701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236602.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter begins by discussing the departmental review of the railway industry, announced in January 2004, provoked by increasing concerns about how much the government was spending on ... More


Legitimate Diversity: The New Challenge of European Integratio n

Fritz W. Sccharpf

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Illustrates why the present institutional framework of the EU is no longer able to face new policy challenges. Provides an overview of general modes of EU policy‐making and then addresses concrete ... More


Labour’s Response to the Privatized Railway, 1993–8

Terry Gourvish

in Britain’s Railways, 1997–2005: Labour's Strategic Experiment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199236602
eISBN:
9780191696701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236602.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter begins by discussing Britain's rail policy and the events that occurred during 1993–7 in the rail institution. It then talks about the industry's performance during the said period. This ... More


The 1997 White Paper: a symbolic victory?

Ben Worthy

in The Politics of Freedom of Information: How and Why Governments Pass Laws that Threaten their Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780719097676
eISBN:
9781526124159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097676.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the UK FOI policy developed in a series of phases. This chapter covers the first stage of the development covered the first eight months, from Labour entering power in May 1997 to the publication ... More


Climate change and climate change policy in the UK 2006–07

Carolyn Snell

in Social Policy Review 20: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2008

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420763
eISBN:
9781447303473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420763.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Since the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Al Gore and the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the issue of climate change has been central to policy agendas. In the UK, policy ... More


Services of General Interest, the Commission, and Reform

Tony Prosser

in The Limits of Competition Law: Markets and Public Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199266692
eISBN:
9780191699153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266692.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Competition Law, EU Law

This chapter discusses the political background involved in the development of the European Community approach to public service and competition law. Despite cautious substantive proposes in the 2004 ... More


A ‘pivotal moment’? Education policy in England, 2005

Alan Dyson, Kirstin Kerr, and Mel Ainscow

in Social Policy Review 18: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2006

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348449
eISBN:
9781447303459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348449.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter argues that the Labour government reached a pivotal point in its third term, in relation to its two long-standing objectives of raising educational performance, while also reducing ... More


Social theory, social policy and sustainable communities

Robert Moore

in Community health and wellbeing: Action research on health inequalities

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348180
eISBN:
9781447301936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348180.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the issues of social policy, sustainable communities, and social theory in relation to the 1998 White Paper Better Health – Better Wales. This White Paper addressed the issues ... More


The 1971 White Paper and the Vote on the Principle of Entry

Danny Nicol

in EC Membership and the Judicialization of British Politics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199247790
eISBN:
9780191697685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247790.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter examines the Health White Paper on the constitutional implication of membership and analyses the October 1971 debate on the principle of membership. The ECJ had reinforced its supremacy ... More


The contributory schemes and the coming of the National Health Service

Martin Gorsky, John Mohan, and Tim Willis

in Mutualism and Health Care: Hospital Contributory Schemes in Twentieth-century Britain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065781
eISBN:
9781781701423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065781.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter explores the responses of both the British Hospitals Contributory Schemes Association (BHCSA) and individual hospital contributory schemes to plans for the creation of a new health ... More


Governing with the European civil society

Beate Kohler-Koch

in De-Mystification of Participatory Democracy: EU-Governance and Civil Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199674596
eISBN:
9780191756221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674596.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The second chapter gives an account of how and why the ideas of civil society participation and participatory democracy became prominent in the EU. In less than a decade, actors which previously were ... More


Rethinking rural policy under New Labour

Neil Ward

in New Labour's countryside: Rural policy in Britain since 1997

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349323
eISBN:
9781447302858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349323.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the implementation of a ‘modernisation’ agenda in the Labour government's rural policy in Great Britain. It describes the work of the Cabinet Office Performance and Innovation ... More


Is Labour delivering a sustainable railway?

John Preston

in Traffic jam: Ten years of 'sustainable' transport in the UK

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420732
eISBN:
9781447304050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420732.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the Labour government's policy for railway transport in Great Britain. It suggests that the emphasis on sustainability largely reflects the government's desire to achieve ... More


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