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The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War

Michael F. Holt

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161045
eISBN:
9780199849635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161045.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The political home of Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, Horace Greeley, and the young Abraham Lincoln, the American Whig Party was involved at every level of American politics—local, state, and federal—in ... More


Partisan Tumult on the Floor: The Speakership Elections of 1849 and 1855–1856

Jeffery A. Jenkins and Charles Stewart III

in Fighting for the Speakership: The House and the Rise of Party Government

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691118123
eISBN:
9781400845460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691118123.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the speakership elections of 1849 and 1855–1856, the most chaotic instances of officer selection in the history of the House of Representatives. It considers how the Second ... More


THE POETICS AND POLITICS OF THE DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE

Cornelia Pearsall

in Tennyson's Rapture: Transformation in the Victorian Dramatic Monologue

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195150544
eISBN:
9780199871124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150544.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Pearsall argues against the prevailing critical conception of dramatic monologists as inadvertent in their revelations and ignorant of the consequences of their speech, suggesting instead that ... More


Whigs out of Place, 1810–1830

E. A. Smith

in Lord Grey 1764–1845

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201632
eISBN:
9780191674969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201632.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter discusses the failed attempts of Grey and Grenville to bring the Whig Party into office. George III relapsed into mental illness in the autumn of 1810. Grey still hoped that the Prince ... More


Alternatives

WILLIAM DUSINBERRE

in Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326031
eISBN:
9780199868308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326031.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The South's response to the growth of an antislavery movement in the North proved disastrous to Southern white people. James Polk — the most powerful Southern politician in the late 1840s — imposed ... More


The Commitment to Reform, 1792–1802

E. A. Smith

in Lord Grey 1764–1845

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201632
eISBN:
9780191674969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201632.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter discusses the formation of the Friends of the People and Grey's commitment to parliamentary reform. The Friends of the People was a society formed primarily to save the Whig Party from ... More


Polk’s Early Response to the Antislavery Movement

WILLIAM DUSINBERRE

in Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326031
eISBN:
9780199868308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326031.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Although during the 1840s James Polk cultivated the image of a Southern moderate on the slavery question, his early career contradicted this impression. In 1832 he had provoked a furious debate in ... More


Politics and Conscience

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0048
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter forty-eight examines Hodge’s politics and his tripartite commitment to God’s sovereignty, property rights and the need for religion to be tied to political action for the good of the nation. ... More


A Uniform Whig, 1791–1792

F.P. Lock

in Edmund Burke, Volume II: 1784-1797

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541539
eISBN:
9780191701238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541539.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines British politician Edmund Burke's relations with his Whig Party in 1791–92. His Reflections on the Revolution in France was well received across a wide spectrum of political ... More


American Whigs: A Conservative Response

Drew Maciag

in Edmund Burke in America: The Contested Career of the Father of Modern Conservatism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448959
eISBN:
9780801467875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448959.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter details the lives of three prominent men who professed Whig conservative principles with a Burkean twist, as well as the overall politics of the mid-antebellum Whig Party, particularly ... More


Going It Alone

Lindsey Apple

in The Family Legacy of Henry Clay: In the Shadow of a Kentucky Patriarch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813134109
eISBN:
9780813135908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813134109.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Dying of tuberculosis, Henry Clay sought again in 1850 to save the Union from dissolution. Friends and enemies recognized the depth of his patriotism only when life itself left no room for his ... More


Antislavery Politics and the Problem of the Constitution

Daniel W. Crofts

in Lincoln and the Politics of Slavery: The Other Thirteenth Amendment and the Struggle to Save the Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627311
eISBN:
9781469627335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627311.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Chapter Two traces the rise of the political antislavery movement. It shows how three pioneering leaders—Joshua Giddings, Salmon P. Chase, and Charles Sumner—continued the struggle to “denationalize” ... More


Chained to an Oar, 1792–1794

F.P. Lock

in Edmund Burke, Volume II: 1784-1797

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541539
eISBN:
9780191701238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541539.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines the career and activities of British politician Edmund Burke during the period from 1792 to 1794. During this period, Burke's relationship with the Whig Party did not improve. ... More


“Leave Us of the North to Fight the Great Battle”: Party Punishments and Purges

Michael Todd Landis

in Northern Men with Southern Loyalties: The Democratic Party and the Sectional Crisis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453267
eISBN:
9780801454837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453267.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the consequences of the Kansas–Nebraska Act for the Northern Democratic Party. The passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act produced dramatic shifts in Northern public opinion and ... More


Prime Minister, 1830–1834

E. A. Smith

in Lord Grey 1764–1845

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201632
eISBN:
9780191674969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201632.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter discusses Grey's appointment as Prime Minister. It describes the passage of the Great Reform Bill and how he dealt with all other issues of government and policy that arose during the ... More


We Know No Lecompton Here: Cross-Partisan Relationships and the Fight over Kansas

Rachel A. Shelden

in Washington Brotherhood: Politics, Social Life, and the Coming of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469610856
eISBN:
9781469612683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469610856.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter describes John Jordan Crittenden as part of a dying breed. The seventy-year old senator from Kentucky had been one of the earliest supporters of the Whig Party from its inception in the ... More


Babel: Changed Persistence on Slavery’s Borderland

Christopher Phillips

in The Rivers Ran Backward: The Civil War and the Remaking of the American Middle Border

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780195187236
eISBN:
9780199378180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187236.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The economic, political, and racial environment in the middle border region sustained the western white consensus. Even as these states modernized between 1820 and 1850, resultant demographic and ... More


A Perfect Tower of Babel: The Culture of Congress and the Wilmot Proviso

Rachel A. Shelden

in Washington Brotherhood: Politics, Social Life, and the Coming of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469610856
eISBN:
9781469612683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469610856.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter shows how the Whig Party both in and outside of Congress strongly opposed the war, often accusing President James K. Polk of provoking Mexican retaliation. Yet Democrats were generally ... More


A Representation of Almost Every Interest and Pursuit in the Union: The Border South on the Eve of the Secession Crisis

Michael D. Robinson

in Union Indivisible: Secession and the Politics of Slavery in the Border South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633787
eISBN:
9781469633794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633787.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter explores the political, economic, and social trajectory of the Border South during the decade of the 1850s. Utilizing census data, it demonstrates the importance of slavery to the ... More


The Upper South: Straddling the Divide

William L. Barney

in Rebels in the Making: The Secession Crisis and the Birth of the Confederacy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190076085
eISBN:
9780190076115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076085.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Political History

The failure to gain the states of the Upper South when they held their secession elections in February 1861 was a major setback for the cause of secession. The seven states of the original ... More


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