Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 47 items

  • Keywords: Whewell x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Coming Up with an Explanation

Richard Swedberg

in The Art of Social Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155227
eISBN:
9781400850358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155227.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter explores various ways of coming up with an explanation. These include Charles S. Peirce's notion of abduction, or his theory of how to come up with an explanation from the practical ... More


Utilitarianism Versus Dogmatic Intuitionism

David Phillips

in Sidgwickian Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778911
eISBN:
9780199919093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778911.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick argues that his own proto-utilitarian axioms satisfy his four criteria for self-evidence, while the principles of common-sense morality do not. On anyone's account, this criterial argument ... More


The Grading of Inductive Support

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter starts by exploring a justly famous paradigm of experimental reasoning about animals — Karl von Frisch's work on bees. An analysis of von Frisch's reasoning about bees' ... More


Plato Redivivus

Michael Ruse

in On Purpose

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691195957
eISBN:
9781400888603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195957.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter traces the triumph of the Kantian perspective. From the time of the Scientific Revolution to the present, vocal representatives are characterized as the Platonic approach or tradition ... More


Achinstein and Whewell on Theoretical Coherence

Gregory J Morgan

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In his Particles and Waves, Peter Achinstein gives a precise probabilistic version of theoretical coherence inspired by William Whewell's somewhat vague notion of coherence. Whewell believed that as ... More


Mill on the Hypothetical Method: A Discussion of Achinstein's Defense of Mill and Newton on Induction

Frederick M. Kronz

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Achinstein has recently put forth an interpretation of the Whewell–Mill debates in which the debates are regarded as a dispute over which of two incompatible modes of inference, hypothetico-deduction ... More


Sidgwick on Promises

David Phillips

in Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Sidgwick believes that his own proto-utilitarian axioms satisfy criteria for self-evidence, while the principles of common-sense morality, including the particularly apparently compelling principle ... More


Intuitionism and Common Sense

J. B. Schneewind

in Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249313
eISBN:
9780191598357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249314.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Thomas Reid and William Whewell were the two central figures in ethical intuitionism in the 19th century. Sidgwick was likely to have studied them during the early stage of his development, since his ... More


Reading Man

Joan L. Richards

in Generations of Reason: A Family's Search for Meaning in Post-Newtonian England

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300255492
eISBN:
9780300262575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300255492.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

On February 4, 1823, Augustus De Morgan entered Trinity College Cambridge. There he was deeply influenced by the ideas of George Peacock, William Whewell, Charles Babbage and John Herschel, who, in ... More


Expanding Consciousness

Joan L. Richards

in Generations of Reason: A Family's Search for Meaning in Post-Newtonian England

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300255492
eISBN:
9780300262575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300255492.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

In the spring of 1836, Harriet Frend died. Her father turned to the bible for solace. Sophia was not satisfied with his conventional Christian approaches and began developing a theory in which death ... More


Rearing Young Seedlings

Joan L. Richards

in Generations of Reason: A Family's Search for Meaning in Post-Newtonian England

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300255492
eISBN:
9780300262575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300255492.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

The De Morgan family continued to grow with the addition of George Campbell in 1841; Edward Lindsey in 1843; Anne Isabella in 1845. As she was raising her brood, Sophia’s interest in larger forms of ... More


Use And Reception: Biography of Two Images

Omar W. Nasim

in Observing By Hand: Sketching the Nebulae in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084374
eISBN:
9780226084404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084404.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 provides a broader cultural, historical, and philosophical context for the work of Lord Rosse and by extension other nebular researchers. By following the public circulation and ... More


Conception Andperception: E. P. Mason and Sir John F. W. Herschel

Omar W. Nasim

in Observing By Hand: Sketching the Nebulae in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084374
eISBN:
9780226084404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084404.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

With a detailed study of the procedures of the young American astronomer, E. P. Mason (in part 1) and the celebrated English scientist, Sir John F. W. Herschel (in part 2), chapter 3 is focused on ... More


Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Michael S. Reidy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.001.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In the first half of the nineteenth century, the British sought to master the physical properties of the oceans; in the second half, they lorded over large portions of the oceans' outer rim. The ... More


Economic Measurement and the Values of Science

Theodore M. Porter

in Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208411
eISBN:
9780691210544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208411.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the approaches taken by natural scientists to economic questions. William Whewell looked to statistics as an alternative or at least an indispensable supplement to abstract ... More


The Uniformity of Life (1831–32)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0025
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the second volume of Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology and its reception. Lamarckian transformism was forcefully rejected in this volume. Instead Lyell argued that organic ... More


Prologue

Frederic R. Kellogg

in Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and Legal Logic

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523903
eISBN:
9780226524061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226524061.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter follows Holmes's readings and discussions after returning to Boston in 1864 from the Union Army. Francis Bacon’s empiricism had guided English scientific progress before the American ... More


Logic

Frederic R. Kellogg

in Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and Legal Logic

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523903
eISBN:
9780226524061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226524061.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal History

After attending lectures on the logic of induction by Charles Sanders Peirce in 1866 and reading Mill’s A System of Logic, Holmes echoed Mill’s critique of the syllogism and his notion of "reasoning ... More


Introduction: The Littoral in Science and History

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In the first half of the nineteenth century, the British learned to manage the oceans; in the second half, they ruled over large portions of the oceans' rims. Extending their reconnaissance from the ... More


“Tidology”

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In the early 1830s John William Lubbock, while contributing to the tide tables published for the London docks, also introduced William Whewell, his former tutor at Trinity College, Cambridge, to the ... More


View: