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Introduction: The Problem Stated

David A. Weir

in The Origins of the Federal Theology in Sixteenth-Century Reformation Thought

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266907
eISBN:
9780191683107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266907.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

One of the basic theological shifts during the 16th and 17th centuries was the manner in which Reformed Protestant theologians of northern Europe divided biblical time. Whereas John Calvin, in his ... More


Samuel Haliday (1685–1739): Travelling scholar, court lobbyist, and non-subscribing divine

A. D. G. Steers

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain: New Case Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199227044
eISBN:
9780191739309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Samuel Haliday, an Ulster-Scots Presbyterian minister, was a leader of the non-subscription movement in the controversy over the Westminster Confession after his settlement in Belfast in 1720. ... More


Between Reformation and Enlightenment: Presbyterian clergy, religious liberty and intellectual change*

John Coffey

in Insular Christianity: Alternative models of the Church in Britain and Ireland, c.1570–c.1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719086984
eISBN:
9781781704981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086984.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Religious liberty was a significant intellectual problem for eighteenth-century Presbyterians. The problem stemmed from the conflict between the traditional magisterial Reformation commitment to ... More


The Church Militant

Stewart J. Brown

in Thomas Chalmers and the Godly Commonwealth in Scotland

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192131140
eISBN:
9780191670039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192131140.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

The Church of Scotland was revitalized between 1820 and 1830. Within the Church, there was a new awareness that the number of parish churches was insufficient for the needs of the population. With ... More


The Beginnings of Self

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter Four explores the early education and character formation of Charles Hodge. Hodge’s mother was indefatigable in her efforts to educate her sons, and she took a great personal interest in ... More


Conversion at Kilmany

Stewart J. Brown

in Thomas Chalmers and the Godly Commonwealth in Scotland

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192131140
eISBN:
9780191670039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192131140.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

The Church of Scotland was organized on the presbyterian model, with ecclesiastical law defined and enforced by a hierarchy of Church courts. Two clerical factions developed. Each party represented a ... More


The Theology of the Westminster Confession of Faith in its Context

Whitney G. Gamble

in The History of Scottish Theology, Volume I: Celtic Origins to Reformed Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198759331
eISBN:
9780191819889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759331.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

In 1643, England’s Long Parliament called theologians from every county of England and Wales to Westminster Abbey to revise the Thirty-Nine Articles, the foundational documents of the Church of ... More


Writing History

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0030
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter thirty addresses Hodge in his role as his denomination’s historian. In 1839, he decides to write a definitive history of American Presbyterianism. He completes two volumes, which show that he ... More


The Systematic Theology

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0054
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter fifty-four examines the crowning achievement of Hodge’s publishing career, his three-volume Systematic Theology. Rather than simply compile and edit his theological writings of the past half ... More


Thomas Boston

J. V. Fesko

in The Covenant of Works: The Origins, Development, and Reception of the Doctrine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190071363
eISBN:
9780190071394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190071363.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

In the wake of the turbulent seventeenth century, eighteenth-century theologians began to turn away from the covenant of works. Theologians and philosophers became critical of perceived doctrinal ... More


Reconstruction, Revival, and the Triumph of Experience, 1914–30

Andrew R. Holmes

in The Irish Presbyterian Mind: Conservative Theology, Evangelical Experience, and Modern Criticism, 1830-1930

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198793618
eISBN:
9780191835452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793618.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The final chapter begins with post-war reconstruction and how new professorial appointments signalled a move from dogma and theological proficiency to experience and practical Christianity. The ... More


Liberal, Broad Church, and Reforming Influences in the Late Nineteenth Century

Finlay A. J. Macdonald

in The History of Scottish Theology, Volume II: From the Early Enlightenment to the Late Victorian Era

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198759348
eISBN:
9780191819896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759348.003.0029
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

The second half of the nineteenth century saw something of a watershed as the post-Disruption Presbyterian Churches moved beyond the theology of the Westminster Confession. At the same time the ... More


The Pauline Commentaries

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0047
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter forty-seven explores three of the biblical commentaries Hodge wrote during the 1850s: Ephesians, First Corinthians, and Second Corinthians. Partly in response to the massive popularity of ... More


Free Church Theology 1843–1900: Disruption Fathers and Believing Critics

Michael Bräutigam

in The History of Scottish Theology, Volume II: From the Early Enlightenment to the Late Victorian Era

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198759348
eISBN:
9780191819896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759348.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

This chapter explores the theology of key scholars of the Free Church of Scotland from 1843 until 1900, when only a small remnant continued as the Free Church after its union with the United ... More


The Westminster Standards

J. V. Fesko

in The Covenant of Works: The Origins, Development, and Reception of the Doctrine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190071363
eISBN:
9780190071394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190071363.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

Many contemporary critics of the Westminster Standards believe that it is a doctrinal straightjacket that narrows the bounds of permissible beliefs within the church. The confession does define the ... More


Unitarians and Presbyterians

Michael Ledger-Lomas

in The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume III: The Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199683710
eISBN:
9780191823923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199683710.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Theology

Unitarianism and Presbyterian Dissent had a complex relationship in the nineteenth century. Neither English Unitarians nor their Presbyterian cousins grew much if at all in the nineteenth century, ... More


James Ussher

J. V. Fesko

in The Covenant of Works: The Origins, Development, and Reception of the Doctrine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190071363
eISBN:
9780190071394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190071363.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

This chapter surveys the views of James Ussher, a relatively little-known but nevertheless key figure in the development of the covenant of works. Ussher’s key contributions include treating the ... More


The History of Scottish Theology, Volume I: Celtic Origins to Reformed Orthodoxy

David Fergusson and Mark W. Elliott (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198759331
eISBN:
9780191819889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759331.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

Straddling over a millennium of theological work, these essays explore the beginnings of Scottish theology from the time of the Columban church through monasticism to the era of medieval ... More


Dissenting Theology from the 1720s to the 1840s

David Bebbington

in The History of Scottish Theology, Volume II: From the Early Enlightenment to the Late Victorian Era

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198759348
eISBN:
9780191819896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759348.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

Scottish Dissent included the Reformed Presbyterians, who upheld the covenants, the Secession, both Burghers and Antiburghers, who also looked back to the seventeenth century, and the Relief Church, ... More


Protestant Dissent in Scotland

Stewart J. Brown

in The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume II: The Long Eighteenth Century c. 1689-c. 1828

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198702245
eISBN:
9780191838910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198702245.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The revolution of 1688–9 brought the re-establishment of a Presbyterianism within the national Church of Scotland, after a period of Episcopacy. The decline in state interest in enforcing religious ... More


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