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General Conclusion

Antony Black

in A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

All our political values were invented in ancient times. Social contract, for example, was invented, though not developed philosophically. Western/European thought drew the idea of nation from the ... More


The Unforgiving Servant

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Chapter 11 is focused on the question of forgiveness – God's forgiveness and human forgiveness. It argues that according to the Gospels, God's forgiveness is limitless and that the human forgiveness ... More


Heresy and Liberalism: Cicero, Arius, and Socinus

Robert Pattison

in The Great Dissent: John Henry Newman and the Liberal Heresy

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067309
eISBN:
9780199855193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067309.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter explains how Newman reached the conclusion that Arius, the 4th-century heresiarch, defiled Christian civilization with liberal apostasy. Other heretics than Arius and Hampden might have ... More


On Purpose

Michael Ruse

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691195957
eISBN:
9781400888603
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195957.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Can we live without the idea of purpose? Should we even try to? Kant thought we were stuck with it, and even Darwin, who profoundly shook the idea, was unable to kill it. Indeed, purpose seems to be ... More


Biblical Anima-Spirit

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter shows how the Jewish-Christian tradition, along with Greek philosophy, led to the creation of “Western thought.” It first studies the Jewish belief that the essence of each individual ... More


Philosophy in a new key – extrapolations and perspectives

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers comments on a wide variety of Scotian subjects and theories. It considers John Duns Scotus's thought as a central focus and ingredient of a main tradition of Western thought, not ... More


Trinitarian Theology: West and East: Karl Barth, the Cappadocian Fathers, and John Zizioulas

Paul M. Collins

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198270324
eISBN:
9780191683985
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270324.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book represents a unique contribution to the dialogue between the traditions of Eastern and Western Christian thought. Through the writings of Karl Barth and John Zizioulas, the book seeks to ... More


The Opinion of Mankind: Sociability and the Theory of the State from Hobbes to Smith

Paul Sagar

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691178882
eISBN:
9781400889808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178882.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What is the modern state? Conspicuously undertheorized in recent political theory, this question persistently animated the best minds of the Enlightenment. Recovering David Hume and Adam Smith's ... More


The Greek Polis: Cradle of Democracy

Thomas N. Mitchell

in Democracy's Beginning: The Athenian Story

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300215038
eISBN:
9780300217353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215038.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter points to the Greek polis, or city-state, as the point of origin for Greek democracy. The polis is the dominant form of political organization that developed in the Greek world between ... More


Holy Nations?: Uneasy Marriages between Christianity and Nationalism

Brian Stanley

in Christianity in the Twentieth Century: A World History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196848
eISBN:
9781400890316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196848.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the relationship between Christianity and nationalism. The twentieth century—and in particular the years after the First World War—saw the global diffusion of the European idea ... More


Conclusion: The Western Political Theory Canon, Nature, and a Broader Dialogue

Peter F. Cannavò and Joseph H. Lane

in Engaging Nature: Environmentalism and the Political Theory Canon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262028059
eISBN:
9780262325264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028059.003.0017
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Peter F. Cannavò and Joseph H. Lane Jr. review the volume. They discuss the complexity of the Western political theory regarding nature and argue that Western political thought is not wholly ... More


The Creative Imagination as Treated in Western Thought

W. Norris Clarke, SJ

in The Creative Retrieval of Saint Thomas Aquinas: Essays in Thomistic Philosophy, New and Old

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229284
eISBN:
9780823236671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229284.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the relationship creative imagination has to the guidance and rule of reason, and what that relationship tells about the nature and dignity of the human person as an embodied ... More


Postscript: The Judicial Process and the Nature of Jewish Law

Hanina Ben-Menahem

in An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262626
eISBN:
9780191682360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262626.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Legal History

As the traditional halakhah differs greatly from the Mishpat Ivri or the literal translation of ‘Jewish Law’, we realize that the Western concept of law has dominated and largely influenced modern ... More


The Mortgage of the Past: Reshaping the Ancient Political Inheritance (1050-1300)

Francis Oakley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300176339
eISBN:
9780300183504
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300176339.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The author of this book continues his three-part history of the emergence of Western political thought during the Middle Ages with this second volume in the series. Here, he explores kingship from ... More


Shaping the Empire

Banu Turnaoğlu

in The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172743
eISBN:
9781400885220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter looks at how the first attempts to modernize the Ottoman army in line with the armies of the West were undertaken during the reign of Mahmud I (r. 1730–54). Predominantly inspired by ... More


Rethinking Shakespeare's Political Philosophy: From Lear to Leviathan

Alex Schulman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748682416
eISBN:
9781474406383
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748682416.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This book provides a new interpretation of William Shakespeare's plays as a unified statement of early modern political theory. It demonstrates that Shakespeare's plays provide an astonishingly ... More


The Geographic Imagination of Modernity: Geography, Literature, and Philosophy in German Romanticism

Chenxi Tang

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758390
eISBN:
9780804787482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758390.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book traces the emergence of the geographic paradigm in modern Western thought in the decades around 1800. This period represents an extraordinary intellectual threshold, a time when European ... More


Secular Buddhism and the Religious Dimension of Enlightenment

Dale S. Wright

in What Is Buddhist Enlightenment?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190622596
eISBN:
9780190622626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190622596.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

“Secular Buddhism and the Religious Dimension of Enlightenment” follows Stephen Batchelor’s impressive effort to articulate what Buddhist awakening might mean in the current secular culture. ... More


Human Freedom and Rights: Western Framework of Thought*

Tulsi Badrinath

in Chaturvedi Badrinath: Unity of Life and Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199465187
eISBN:
9780199086511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199465187.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In asserting the supremacy of Reason as the ordering principle of life, law, and, thus, the state, it had to be completely separated from the church and its control. Badrinath, in this essay, says ... More


The Political Impossibility of Modern Counterinsurgency: Strategic Problems, Puzzles, and Paradoxes

David Jones and M.L.R. Smith

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170000
eISBN:
9780231539128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170000.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The counterinsurgency (COIN) paradigm dominates military and political conduct in contemporary Western strategic thought. It assumes future wars will unfold as “low intensity” conflicts within rather ... More


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