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Visions of Compassion: Western Scientists and Tibetan Buddhists Examine Human Nature

Richard J. Davidson and Anne Harrington (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130430
eISBN:
9780199847327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130430.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book examines how Western behavioral science — which has generally focused on negative aspects of human nature — holds up to cross-cultural scrutiny, in particular the Tibetan Buddhist ... More


The Gender of the Gift: Problems with Women and Problems with Society in Melanesia

Marilyn Strathern

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520064232
eISBN:
9780520910713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520064232.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

In this original synthesis on Melanesian scholarship, this book argues that gender relations have been a particular casualty of unexamined assumptions held by Western anthropologists and feminist ... More


Teaching ‘French science’ at the court: Gerbillon and Bouvet's tutoring

Catherine Jami

in The Emperor's New Mathematics: Western Learning and Imperial Authority During the Kangxi Reign (1662-1722)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199601400
eISBN:
9780191729218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601400.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

In 1690, just a few months after returning from his Southern inspection tour, the Kangxi Emperor set up regular sessions for the study of Western science, with four Jesuits as his tutors: Pereira, ... More


Conflicting Goals, Ideologies, and Beliefs in the Field*

Lenore A. Grenoble and Simone S. Whitecloud

in Endangered Languages: Beliefs and Ideologies in Language Documentation and Revitalization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265765
eISBN:
9780191771958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265765.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

The last two decades have seen a remarkable surge in work in description and documentation of endangered languages, which has required researchers to rethink how they work with indigenous ... More


Conclusion

Cyrus Schayegh

in Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong: Science, Class, and the Formation of Modern Iranian Society, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254473
eISBN:
9780520943544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254473.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The acceptance of modern science in general and biomedical sciences in particular played a momentous role in the formation of modern Iran in the first half of the twentieth century. Western science ... More


The emperor and his astronomer (1668–1688)

Catherine Jami

in The Emperor's New Mathematics: Western Learning and Imperial Authority During the Kangxi Reign (1662-1722)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199601400
eISBN:
9780191729218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601400.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter opens with Kangxi's acts on the assumption of power, including the reversal of the verdict against the Jesuits and their astronomy. Ferdinand Verbiest then became an official astronomer, ... More


Ontological Politics and Latin American Local Knowledges

Ivan da Costa Marques

in Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

It is a widely held Western belief that the West has knowledge, while other people have mere beliefs about reality. This kind of Western common sense is established as a result of a specific ... More


The Politics of Knowledge

Rajshree Chandra

in Knowledge as Property: Issues in the Moral Grounding of Intellectual Property Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065579
eISBN:
9780199080120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065579.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter considers the cognitive hierarchies which are implied and structured by the intellectual property regime. It looks at the sociology of knowledge creation and the implications that it has ... More


Introduction

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines questions about evolution as proposed by Charles Darwin. It is confusing whether natural selection acts on genes or individual organisms and in what manner evolution develops. ... More


The Real Culture Wars

Riane Eisler

in Nurturing Our Humanity: How Domination and Partnership Shape Our Brains, Lives, and Future

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190935726
eISBN:
9780190935757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935726.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

We humans live, and all too often die, by stories, as one of the authors almost died as a child in the Holocaust. This chapter shows that the real culture wars are not between religion and ... More


Taste in Numbers: Science and the Chinese Food Problem

in Gourmets in the Land of Famine: The Culture and Politics of Rice in Modern Canton

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772266
eISBN:
9780804781763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772266.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter outlines the provinice of Guomindang's blind trust in Western science and technology and how these interests resulted in the technocratic and instrumental misunderstanding of the nature ... More


Sticky History

in The Cuban Cure: Reason and Resistance in Global Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709178
eISBN:
9780226709192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709192.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the challenges and problem faced by Cuba's biotechnology sector in the early 1990s. These include the fall of the Soviet bloc and national economic crisis brought about by the ... More


Conclusion

in Gourmets in the Land of Famine: The Culture and Politics of Rice in Modern Canton

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772266
eISBN:
9780804781763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772266.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

Canton had long been well-known for its food culture. However, for its rice supplies, Canton relied on transnational, high-volume trade with Southeast Asia via Hong Kong. In the early twentieth ... More


Overcoming Extinction: Collectors, Stewardship, and the Palila

Daniel Lewis

in Belonging on an Island: Birds, Extinction, and Evolution in Hawai'i

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300229646
eISBN:
9780300235463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300229646.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter focuses on the Palila, Loxioides bailleui—a critically endangered honeycreeper on the Big Island whose survival is entangled with law, politics, culture, and biology. The bird ... More


Cooperation between Species

Raymond Pierotti and Brandy R. Fogg

in The First Domestication: How Wolves and Humans Coevolved

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300226164
eISBN:
9780300231670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300226164.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter reviews the study of cooperative behavior between species, with emphasis on examples of cooperative hunting found in a wide range of species. Seen in this context, the idea of ... More


Believing the Best Explanation

J.D. Trout

in Wondrous Truths: The Improbable Triumph of Modern Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199385072
eISBN:
9780199385102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385072.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Philosophers often refer to a magical-sounding form of inference, called Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE). But in truth, nearly all explanations are IBE. It is the chosen form of explanation ... More


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