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Chinese and Western Medicine in Hong Kong: Some Social and Cultural Determinants of Variation, Interaction and Change: (1975)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0020
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The anthropologist Raymond Firth points out that the observer is faced with the problem of accounting not only for continuity but also change. This chapter adapted this conceptual framework to its ... More


Modern Medicine and its Non-Modern Critics: A Study in Discourse

Ashis Nandy and Shiv Visvanathan

in Dominating Knowledge: Development, Culture, and Resistance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286943
eISBN:
9780191684531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286943.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Economic Systems

This chapter argues that the introduction of Western medicine in India marginalized traditional forms of medicine and effectively deprived Indians of the choices available within these pluralistic ... More


Christianity and the Global Development of Scientific Medicine

Amanda Porterfield

in Healing in the History of Christianity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195157185
eISBN:
9780199850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157185.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The global expansion of Western Christianity coincided with the development of scientific medicine. As scientific discoveries involving asepsis, anesthesia, and infectious disease increased the ... More


Scorn, Mockery, and Invectives for Chinese Medicine

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0083
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter talks about the lack of respect and criticism for Chinese medicine. Europe's unbelievable enthusiasm in the nineteenth and early twentieth century to gain new knowledge by doing research ... More


Value-free Biology and Cultural Interpretation

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0081
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter throws light on the interpretation of Western medicine by the Chinese. The Chinese, influenced by the Confucians' early intervention maxims, did not like the concept of the powers of ... More


Pharmaceuticals

Hiroyuki Odagiri and Akira Goto

in Technology and Industrial Development in Japan: Building Capabilities by Learning, Innovation and Public Policy

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288022
eISBN:
9780191684555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288022.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the history of the pharmaceutical industry in Japan, detailing the rise and fall of pharmaceutical firms. The history of the pharmaceutical industry is separated into five ... More


Introduction

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 1 introduces the central puzzle of the book: How was Chinese medicine transformed from an antithesis of modernity in the early twentieth century into a potent symbol for China’s exploration ... More


Visualizing Health Care in 1930s Shanghai

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Instead of treating “Chinese medicine” and “Western medicine” as well-established distinct groups, Chapter 6 argues that these two styles of medicine took shape only gradually as they competed with ... More


Contented Customers in a Supermarket of Possibilities

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0096
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

It is astonishing that modern Western medicine works for the Chinese and the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) works for the citizens of industrialized Western nations. This indicates a cultural ... More


Medicine without Pharmaceutics

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0020
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Modern Western medicine came into being in the nineteenth century. All normal and sick processes in the body at that time were researched using chemical and physical methods and they were explained ... More


Science as a Verb:: Scientizing Chinese Medicine and the Rise of Mongrel Medicine

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

in Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Based on the discovery that it was the Nationalist state that popularized the project of “scientizing Chinese medicine” by establishing the Institute of National Medicine in 1931, Chapter 7 analyzes ... More


Medical Policy and Medical Practitioners

Heather Bell

in Frontiers of Medicine in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899–1940

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207498
eISBN:
9780191677694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207498.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter provides an overview of the medical administration in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan between 1899 and 1940, arguing that the distinctive form of colonialism developed in Sudan shaped the ... More


Midwifery Training and the Politics of Female Circumcision

Heather Bell

in Frontiers of Medicine in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899–1940

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207498
eISBN:
9780191677694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207498.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Training Sudanese midwives and supervising all midwifery practice constituted a distinctive enterprise for the Sudan medical service. The Midwifery Training School, opened in Omdurman in 1921, ... More


Disease Change and the Role of Medicine: The Navajo Experience

Stephen Kunitz

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520049260
eISBN:
9780520909649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520049260.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book raises issues for public policy in the medical field. It is based on data accumulated during long-term research on Navajo Indian epidemiology. Through examination of this medical microcosm, ... More


Medical Encounters and Divergences

RUTH ROGASKI

in Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port China

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240018
eISBN:
9780520930605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240018.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter investigates just what exactly constituted the “Western medicine” that first arrived in Tianjin aboard British warships in the 1860s, and compares it with mid-century Chinese approaches ... More


Among Shamanism: Animist Spiritual Healing in America's Urban Heartland

Phua Xiong, Charles Numrich, Wu Chu Yongyuan, Deu Yang, and Gregory A. Plotnikoff

in Religion and Healing in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195167962
eISBN:
9780199850150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167962.003.0028
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Hmong are an ethnic minority with ancient roots in China. There are now more than 100,000 Hmong refugees in the United States, with the highest concentration in Minnesota and Wisconsin. As the ... More


Health, Faith Traditions, and South Asian Indians in North America

Prakash N. Desai

in Religion and Healing in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195167962
eISBN:
9780199850150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167962.003.0027
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the last two decades of the 20th century, the presence of South Asian Indians in the United States and Canada has been felt in all major walks of life. The Indian immigrant community and its ... More


The Power of Sight

Iruka N. Okeke

in Divining without Seeds: The Case for Strengthening Laboratory Medicine in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449413
eISBN:
9780801460906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449413.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter presents a brief overview of how scientists came to attribute diseases to specific pathogens and how this knowledge has revolutionized the control and treatment of infectious diseases. ... More


The Cultural History of Plastic Surgery in China

Wen Hua

in Buying Beauty: Cosmetic Surgery in China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139811
eISBN:
9789888180691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139811.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Through reviewing the development of plastic surgery from Republican China to contemporary China, this chapter discusses how plastic surgery was transmitted from the West and adopted into China’s ... More


Between Mission and Medicine: The Early History of Severance Hospital

Yunjae Park

in Encountering Modernity: Christianity in East Asia and Asian America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839475
eISBN:
9780824869731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839475.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines the history of the Severance Hospital, one of the leading hospitals in Korea, and how it transformed from a government hospital to a Christian institution. It shows how those ... More


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