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“Absolute Hell”: The Western Front in 1914

Terri Blom Crocker

in The Christmas Truce: Myth, Memory, and the First World War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166155
eISBN:
9780813166650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166155.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sets the scene for the Christmas truce by examining the letters British soldiers wrote home during the first winter of the war, which included forthright descriptions of the horrors of ... More


‘The Real War’: Liddell Hart, Cruttwell, and Falls

Hew Strachan

in The First World War and British Military History

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222996
eISBN:
9780191678561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222996.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter compares the works of influential historians B. H. Liddell Hart, C. R. M. F. Cruttwell, and Cyril Falls on the historiography of World War I. It suggests that the pre-war and wartime ... More


“A Candle Lit in the Darkness”: The Christmas Truce and the First World War

Terri Blom Crocker

in The Christmas Truce: Myth, Memory, and the First World War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166155
eISBN:
9780813166650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166155.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the conventional narrative of the Christmas truce and then introduces the popular narrative of the First World War, demonstrates how the standard view of the Christmas truce ... More


“The Curious Christmas Truce”: The First World War and the Christmas Truce, 1920–1959

Terri Blom Crocker

in The Christmas Truce: Myth, Memory, and the First World War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166155
eISBN:
9780813166650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166155.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Works from the interwar and immediate post–World War II period, when everyone in Britain was supposed to be thoroughly disillusioned with the conflict, demonstrate that in fact the narrative of the ... More


The Demodernization of the Front

Omer Bartov

in Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Between the year 1941 and 1942, the Wehrmacht's combat units underwent a radical process of demodernization, just as the Third Reich's economy was being mobilized for a total industrial war. This ... More


France

Kaushik Roy

in Indian Army and the First World War: 1914-18

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780199485659
eISBN:
9780199093939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199485659.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter details the story of the IEFA (Indian Corps), which fought in France. We tackle the question whether the IEFA faced a breakdown of morale; if not, how was it able to cope with the ... More


Editor's Introduction

Brian Bond

in The First World War and British Military History

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222996
eISBN:
9780191678561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222996.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the historiography of World War I. This book was inspired by the need for a historical counterpart of Paul Fussell's The ... More


“A Great Day with Our Enemies”: The Christmas Truce

Terri Blom Crocker

in The Christmas Truce: Myth, Memory, and the First World War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166155
eISBN:
9780813166650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166155.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In this chapter, the popular narrative of the truce is challenged by the letters and diaries of the soldiers involved. Although there were soldiers who joined in truces that mirror the conventional ... More


The Christmas Truce: Myth, Memory, and the First World War

Terri Blom Crocker

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166155
eISBN:
9780813166650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166155.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The 1914 Christmas truce, when enemy soldiers met, fraternized, and even played football in No Man’s Land during the first year of the First World War, is commonly perceived as a manifestation of the ... More


Adjusting and adapting

Timothy Bowman

in Irish Regiments in the Great War: Discipline and Morale

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062841
eISBN:
9781781700648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062841.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter begins with a consideration of disciplinary problems in Irish regular battalions serving on the Western Front during 1916. The discipline and morale of the 10th (Irish) Division at ... More


“One Day of Peace at the Front”: The Christmas Truce and the British Press

Terri Blom Crocker

in The Christmas Truce: Myth, Memory, and the First World War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166155
eISBN:
9780813166650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166155.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The popular narrative of the truce further maintains that the event was “hushed up” by the military leadership and the government, and that the British public would have been horrified to learn that ... More


Gallipoli and Salonika

Kaushik Roy

in Indian Army and the First World War: 1914-18

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780199485659
eISBN:
9780199093939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199485659.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

The Indian Army was not very successful in Gallipoli and Salonika. In the Gallipoli Campaign, the Ottoman infantry made the same mistake that the British and French infantry committed in the Western ... More


Ernst Kantorowicz: A Life

Robert E. Lerner

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183022
eISBN:
9781400882922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183022.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This is the first complete biography of Ernst Kantorowicz (1895–1963), an influential and controversial German– American intellectual whose colorful and dramatic life intersected with many of the ... More


Battle, 1918

Thomas I. Faith

in Behind the Gas Mask: The U.S. Chemical Warfare Service in War and Peace

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038686
eISBN:
9780252096624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038686.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the American Expeditionary Force's (AEF) experiences with poison gas on the Western Front and the logistical effort made by the United States to support chemical warfare ... More


“No War Today”: The Christmas Truce as Reported in Official War Diaries and Regimental Histories

Terri Blom Crocker

in The Christmas Truce: Myth, Memory, and the First World War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166155
eISBN:
9780813166650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166155.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Although the myths about the truce insist that military leadership was horrified by it and punished the junior officers involved, the official war diaries kept by each regiment, brigade, and division ... More


Stuttgart

Sean McMeekin

in The Red Millionaire: A Political Biography of Willy Munzenberg, Moscow's Secret Propaganda Tsar in the West

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300098471
eISBN:
9780300130096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300098471.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Munzenberg's exploits in Stuttgart, where he found his friends Edwin Hornle and Max Barthel upon his arrival at the Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof. Barthel, while retaining ... More


‘These frightful sights would work havoc with one’s brain’: First World War writings by medical personnel1

Carol Acton and Jane Potter

in Working in a world of hurt: Trauma and resilience in the narratives of medical personnel in warzones

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719090363
eISBN:
9781781708965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090363.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter considers how nurses and doctors on the Western Front during the First World War negotiated and represented their experiences in terms of what they constantly define as ‘strain’. It ... More


Coda—Indian Salients

Elleke Boehmer

in Indian Arrivals 1870–1915: Networks of British Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198744184
eISBN:
9780191804076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744184.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The Coda, ‘Indian Salients’, touches briefly on three paradigmatic Indian–British 1910s ‘scenes’, one mathematical, one military, and one poetic. It observes how, at around the same time as the ... More


Recessional: The Last of the Garrison, the Fate of the Fort, and Its Place in Folk Memories

Graham Dominy

in Last Outpost on the Zulu Frontiers: Fort Napier and the British Imperial Garrison

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040047
eISBN:
9780252098246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040047.003.0013
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the last few years of the garrison, the fate of the last regiment on the Western Front after the outbreak of World War I, the fate of Fort Napier, and its place in folk ... More


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