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My Dear Li: Correspondence, 1937-1946

Werner Heisenberg and Elisabeth Heisenberg

Anna Maria Hirsch-Heisenberg (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300196931
eISBN:
9780300225013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300196931.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Nobel Prize-winning physicist Werner Heisenberg lived far from his wife, Elisabeth, during most of the Second World War. An eminent scientist, Werner headed Germany’s national atomic research project ... More


Crisis: The End of the Bohr Model

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Failed attempts to understand the anomalous Zeeman effect contributed to the feeling of crisis that by 1924 characterized parts of the physics community. The solution proposed by W. Heisenberg’s ... More


What the Physicist said to the Poet: How Physicists Used the Ideal of Poetry to Talk about Uncertainty

Peter Middleton

in Physics Envy: American Poetry and Science in the Cold War and After

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226290003
eISBN:
9780226290140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290140.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The chapter shows how postwar poets encountered strong negative or idealized images of poetry in the writings of physicists and other scientists. Physicists sometimes referred to an abstraction of ... More


1937

Werner Heisenberg and Elisabeth Heisenberg

Anna Maria Hirsch-Heisenberg (ed.)

in My Dear Li: Correspondence, 1937-1946

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300196931
eISBN:
9780300225013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300196931.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter recounts the weeks leading up to the wedding of Werner Heisenberg and Elisabeth Schumacher, from March 15 to April 26 of the year 1937. The letters from their period of engagement reveal ... More


Heisenberg, Bohr, Robertson, and the Uncertainty Principle: The Interpretation of Quantum Uncertainty

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

From the outset, Heisenberg had resolved to eliminate classical space-time pictures involving particles and waves from the quantum mechanics of the atom. He had wanted to focus instead on the ... More


Transitions: From the German Threat to the Soviet Menace

Vince Houghton

in The Nuclear Spies: America's Atomic Intelligence Operation against Hitler and Stalin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739590
eISBN:
9781501739606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739590.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

The fourth chapter discusses the American intelligence shift in focus from the German atomic bomb program to the atomic research effort of the Soviet Union. Alsos scientists were eventually convinced ... More


Visualizability and Intelligibility: Insight Into the Quantum World

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter investigates the relation between visualizability and intelligibility, by means of an in-depth study of the transition from classical physics to quantum physics in the first decades of ... More


New Timer: Finding Mr. Heisenberg Instead

Dale Maharidge

in Someplace Like America: Tales from the New Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262478
eISBN:
9780520948792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262478.003.0016
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

In this chapter, the authors discuss moral questions they apply each time they commit an act of journalism that goes beyond the basic “who, what, when, where, and why.” The moral question comes down ... More


Critique of the Standard Interpretation

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Von Neumann's unification of Schroedinger's and Heisenberg's formalisms came with an interpretation of quantum theory involving two principles. The first is that assertions about the values of ... More


Introductory Considerations

John von Neumann

Nicholas A. Wheeler (ed.)

in Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: New Edition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691178561
eISBN:
9781400889921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178561.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the origins of the transformation theory and related concepts. It shows how, in 1925, a procedure initiated by Werner Heisenberg was developed by himself, Max Born, Pascual ... More


Unheard Harmonies

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0019
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Among early twentieth-century physicists, many considered their musical experiences formative of their relation to science. Albert Einstein’s famous devoted to music seems linked to his scientific ... More


Von Neumann and the Problem of Quantum Measurement: The ‘Collapse of the Wavefunction’

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Heisenberg was an ‘anti-realist’. Although Bohr was infamously obscure in many of his writings, it seems that he adopted a generally anti-realist interpretation, too. As their debate became more ... More


Empirical: The Physical Sciences

Peter V. Rabins

in The Why of Things: Causality in Science, Medicine, and Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164726
eISBN:
9780231535458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164726.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses three concepts, developed during the twentieth century, that have significantly influenced the current conceptualization of causality: relativity theory, quantum mechanics, and ... More


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