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Citizen, State, and Social Welfare in Britain 1830–1990

Geoffrey Finlayson

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227601
eISBN:
9780191678752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227601.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book presents an analysis of social welfare in Britain from 1830 until the present day. The book explores the changing relationship between voluntarism and the state throughout this period, ... More


‘Christian Civilization’ in Jeopardy, 1933–1953

Keith Robbins

in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales: The Christian Church 1900-2000

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263715
eISBN:
9780191714283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263715.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

This chapter positions the churches in the European crisis of the 1930s. It notes a flourishing of Christian pacifism, strong Catholic support for Franco, broad approval of ‘appeasement’ of German ... More


Mental Deficiency and the Welfare State

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the formation of the Welfare state in Great Britain from the perspective of mental deficiency policy. It analyses the extent to ... More


Introduction: The Meaning of the German Welfare State

David F. Crew

in Germans on Welfare: From Weimar to Hitler

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195053111
eISBN:
9780199854479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053111.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the history of the Weimar welfare system from the following perspectives: national, regional, local, and individual. In order to understand the meaning of the German Welfare ... More


England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales: The Christian Church 1900-2000

Keith Robbins

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263715
eISBN:
9780191714283
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263715.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

The book takes a wide-ranging look at all of the main bodies — Anglican, Free Church, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic — which collectively make up ‘the Christian Church’. Their distinctive beliefs, ... More


Beyond Devolution: Evolutionary Change

Michael Keating

in The Independence of Scotland: Self-government and the Shifting Politics of Union

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199545957
eISBN:
9780191719967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545957.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Short of independence, Scotland's constitutional position might evolve gradually, with a slow accretion of powers. Fiscal powers are an important element although fiscal equalization poses major ... More


The Social Division of Welfare: Some Reflections on the Search for Equity1

Richard M. Titmuss

in Essays on the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349518
eISBN:
9781447349525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349518.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter looks at how some students of social policy see the development of ‘The Welfare State’ in historical perspective as part of a broad, ascending road of social betterment provided for the ... More


Welfare and wellbeing: Richard Titmuss's contribution to social policy

Pete Alcock, Howard Glennerster, and Ann Oakley (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342997
eISBN:
9781447304203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342997.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Richard Titmuss was Professor of Social Administration at the London School of Economics (LSE) from 1950 until his death in 1973. His publications on welfare and social policy were radical and ... More


The 1980s: Charitable Revival?

F. K. PROCHASKA

in Philanthropy and the Hospitals of London: The King's Fund, 1897-1990

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202660
eISBN:
9780191675478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202660.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The 1980s witnessed a new-model Conservative Party taking its revenge on the public sector, which equated with bureaucratic waste and national decline. ... More


The discourse of unbridled capitalism in postwar Hong Kong

Mark Hampton

in Hong Kong and British Culture, 1945-97

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099236
eISBN:
9781526104373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099236.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

During the post-war period, as a broad consensus was thought to have formed in the UK around the welfare state, Hong Kong was widely heralded as an arena in which pre-1945 British capitalist and ... More


Conclusion

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study about the development and implementation of policies to address the mental deficiency ... More


Citizenship in Contemporary Europe

Michael Lister and Emily Pia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633418
eISBN:
9780748671977
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633418.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book seeks to analyse the impact of globalisation, European integration, mass migration, changing patterns of political participation and welfare state provision upon citizenship in Europe. ... More


What They Say

Stein Ringen

in The Perfect Dictatorship: China in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208937
eISBN:
9789888313877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Much of what the post-Mao leaders have said and done suggest an end of ideology, and that is a plausible hypothesis. However, the party-state is a structure that craves ideology. The state has its ... More


Welfare State Models: Taming the Market?

Georg Menz

in Comparative Political Economy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199579983
eISBN:
9780191846779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199579983.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The different models of welfare states are explored, drawing on the seminal work of Esping-Andersen. Next, we examine the challenges to welfare state systems arising from demographic change, new ... More


The Perfect Dictatorship: China in the 21st Century

Stein Ringen

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208937
eISBN:
9789888313877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

The Chinese system is like no other known to man, now or in history. This book explains how the system works and where it may be moving. Drawing on Chinese and international sources, on extensive ... More


The welfare state

Michael Lister

in Citizenship in Contemporary Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633418
eISBN:
9780748671977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633418.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The welfare state in Europe is commonly held to be under pressure. Some argue that globalisation, an ageing population and other factors, make the expansive welfare state of the post-war era, ... More


What do we know about citizens’ perception of the welfare state?

Anders Ejrnæs, Bent Greve, and Bent Greve

in Welfare, Populism and Welfare Chauvinism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447350439
eISBN:
9781447350484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447350439.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter deals with and uses several surveys and studies that have tried to depict citizens’ (and thereby voters’) perception of what welfare states should do and what they do not support, or at ... More


Life without state‑supported housing

Kelly Bogue

in The Divisive State of Social Policy: The 'Bedroom Tax', Austerity and Housing Insecurity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447350538
eISBN:
9781447350545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447350538.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter 2 looks back on the history and development of council housing and the reasons why the state intervened in the housing market. Looking at key moments in its development, it highlights the ... More


Precarity and ageing: new perspectives for social gerontology

Amanda Grenier, Chris Phillipson, and Richard A. Settersten

in Precarity and Ageing: Understanding Insecurity and Risk in Later Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447340850
eISBN:
9781447340904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447340850.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

The chapter sets the foundation for the exploration of precarity and aging from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, critical perspectives, and contexts. It begins by outlining the concept of ... More


The ‘Big State’ versus the ‘Big Society’ in twentieth-century Britain

Pat Thane

in The art of the possible: Politics and governance in modern British history, 18851997: Essays in memory of Duncan Tanner

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719090714
eISBN:
9781781708798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090714.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This essay challenges the notion, promoted by the current government, that over the twentieth century the growth of the ‘Big State’ has squeezed out voluntary action, also known as the ‘Big Society’. ... More


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