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Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Omer Bartov

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This study shows that the Wehrmacht was systematically involved in atrocities against the civilian population on the Eastern Front. Including quotes from letters, diaries, and military reports, this ... More


The Distortion of Reality

Omer Bartov

in Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents how the troops' perception of reality and understanding of their actions was distorted by the conditions and circumstances of their existence. The extent to which Nazi ideology ... More


Renouncing War

Konrad H. Jarausch

in After Hitler: Recivilizing Germans, 1945-1995

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195127799
eISBN:
9780199869503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127799.003.01
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with the Potsdam policy of demilitarization, which went beyond disarming the Wehrmacht and eventually led to a distancing from militarism.


The Liberation of the South-West

David Wingeate Pike

in In the Service of Stalin: The Spanish Communists in Exile, 1939-1945

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203155
eISBN:
9780191675751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203155.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the strategic importance of the Atlantic–Mediterranean land-bridge; the Germans intensifying their anti-guerrilla activities; the Todt Organization and its defaulters; escape ... More


Survival and Liberation at Mauthausen

David Wingeate Pike

in In the Service of Stalin: The Spanish Communists in Exile, 1939-1945

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203155
eISBN:
9780191675751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203155.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the Spanish communists taking charge of organizing resistance; the SS need of artisans and clerks; Juan de Diego becoming Lagerschreiber III; the arrival of the first ... More


Hitler's Wehrmacht, 1935-1945

Rolf-Dieter Müller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813167381
eISBN:
9780813168111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167381.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Since the end of World War II, Germans have struggled with the legacy of the Wehrmacht—the unified armed forces that Adolf Hitler mobilized in 1935 to ensure the domination of the Third Reich in ... More


Introduction

Omer Bartov

in Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter proposes that the only way to approach the issues surrounding the Wehrmacht in the Third Reich is through a careful analysis of the anatomy of the German army. Four theses are given ... More


The Demodernization of the Front

Omer Bartov

in Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Between the year 1941 and 1942, the Wehrmacht's combat units underwent a radical process of demodernization, just as the Third Reich's economy was being mobilized for a total industrial war. This ... More


The Destruction of the Primary Group

Omer Bartov

in Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Cohesion in the German army was to a large extent maintained by a conscious and systematic nurturing of what has come to be termed as “primary groups”, a social organization with its roots tracing ... More


The Perversion of Discipline

Omer Bartov

in Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

While the intellectual combination of the old military tradition with modern fighting techniques can be regarded as one of the keys to the Wehrmacht's astounding military successes, the strict ... More


Conclusion

Omer Bartov

in Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195079036
eISBN:
9780199854455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079036.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter concludes with an argument that in Germany, the popular memory of “Barbarossa” is based on the same inversion of reality which was common during the Third Reich, whereby the war's ... More


The German Surrender of 1945

Richard Bessel

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses how in 1945 Nazi Germany did not surrender when defeat became likely, or even when it became inevitable, but fought literally to the bitter end. Nazi ideology, allegiance to ... More


Stalin's Defectors: How Red Army Soldiers became Hitler's Collaborators, 1941-1945

Mark Edele

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198798156
eISBN:
9780191839375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798156.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Stalin’s Defectors is the first systematic study of the phenomenon of front-line surrender to the Germans in the Soviet Union’s ‘Great Patriotic War’ against the Nazis in 1941–5. No other Allied army ... More


Spreading Complicity: Pleasure and Qualms in the Cynical Army

Thomas Kühne

in Belonging and Genocide: Hitler's Community, 1918-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300121865
eISBN:
9780300168570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300121865.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Drawing on private letters and diaries of ordinary soldiers, this chapter shows how the strategy of community building through crime was expanded to the bulk of adult German men in the Wehrmacht. ... More


Repression

Alexander Prusin

in Serbia under the Swastika: A World War II Occupation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041068
eISBN:
9780252099618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041068.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

Focuses on the German anti-guerrilla warfare in Serbia in 1941. Although German military and civil officials did not consider the Serbs as ideological enemies solely on the basis of race, the ... More


Hitler's Generals in America: Nazi POWs and Allied Military Intelligence

Derek R. Mallett

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813142517
eISBN:
9780813143064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142517.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The book examines the evolution of the relationship between American officials and the fifty-five Wehrmacht general officers who were held as prisoners of war in the United States between June 1943 ... More


Old Wine in New Wineskins: Operational Thinking in the Reichswehr and the Wehrmacht between Reality and Utopia

Gerhard P. Gross

David T. Zabecki (ed.)

in The Myth and Reality of German Warfare: Operational Thinking from Moltke the Elder to Heusinger

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813168371
eISBN:
9780813168401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168371.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

Chapter 6 examines the rearmament of the German military from disorganization in peacetime (the Reichswehr) through the foundation of a centralized and unified military (the Wehrmacht) at the start ... More


Afrikaner and Französen

Derek R. Mallett

in Hitler's Generals in America: Nazi POWs and Allied Military Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813142517
eISBN:
9780813143064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142517.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

Chapter 1 relates the Allied capture of the German general officers who were eventually held as prisoners of war in the United States. The chapter begins with the first large group of generals who ... More


Hitler’s Generals Come to America

Derek R. Mallett

in Hitler's Generals in America: Nazi POWs and Allied Military Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813142517
eISBN:
9780813143064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142517.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

Chapter 2 describes the initial transfer of four Wehrmacht general officers to the United States for interrogation at Byron Hot Springs, California. The chapter follows the transfer of the generals ... More


The Seeds of the American Transformation

Derek R. Mallett

in Hitler's Generals in America: Nazi POWs and Allied Military Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813142517
eISBN:
9780813143064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142517.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

Chapter 3 chronicles the transfer of dozens more Wehrmacht general officers from British to American custody. The chapter emphasizes early signs of American independence from British tutelage in ... More


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