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Hypothetical thinking with ‘if’: the case of the selection task

Jonathan St B T Evans and David E Over

in If

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525134
eISBN:
9780191728174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525134.003.05
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter summarizes and discusses the massive investigation of conditional thinking that has been conducted by psychologists using the Wason four card selection task. It argues that although the ... More


Being economical with the evidence: collecting data and testing hypotheses

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter shows how the probabilistic treatment of the conditional, introduced in Chapter 5, can be used to explain people’s behaviour on the Wason selection task. This task, the most discussed ... More


Thinking about the Liar, Fast and Slow

Robert Barnard, Joseph Ulatowski, Jonathan M. Weinberg, and Bradley Armour-Garb

in Reflections on the Liar

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199896042
eISBN:
9780190672287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199896042.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

In the past, experimental philosophers have explored the psychological underpinning of a number of notions in philosophy, including free will, moral responsibility, and more. But prior to this ... More


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