Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 23 items

  • Keywords: Warsaw Pact x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Not Quite “Brothers in Arms”: East Germany and People’s Poland between Mutual Dependency and Mutual Distrust, 1975–1990

Jens Boysen

in Trust, but Verify: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798099
eISBN:
9781503600133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798099.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter assesses the relationship between East Germany and Poland during the last phase of the Cold War. It explains how the historical legacy of German–Polish relations infused the relationship ... More


America's New Strong Role in Europe, 1993–2001

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Many expected the role of the US in Europe to shrink after the end of the Cold War and with the end of the Soviet–Communist threat: Western Europe presumably did not need the US in the same way it ... More


The Western Secret Services and the Wall

Paul Maddrell

in Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the tactics imposed by the DDR and the USSR to close the border. It explains that Khrushchev stopped the flight of refugees and the subversive work of the Western secret ... More


Gorbachev's export of Perestroika to Eastern Europe: Democratisation reconsidered

Helen Hardman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719079788
eISBN:
9781781706213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079788.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book looks at the liberalisation process in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) during the period of 1987-1989, focusing on Gorbachev's initiative to encourage perestroika in all the fraternal ... More


Keeping the ‘Outer Empire’ in Step with the CPSU: Gorbachev's Policy of Fraternal Party Alignment via the NPC 1987–88

Helen Hardman

in Gorbachev's export of Perestroika to Eastern Europe: Democratisation reconsidered

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719079788
eISBN:
9781781706213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079788.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines how Gorbachev encouraged the fraternal regimes of CEE to convene their respective conferences, so that these parties would align with CPSU perestroika and establish party unity ... More


Conclusion

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0008
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This concluding chapter summarizes the preceding discussions, covering the Gulag's emergence as a mass social phenomenon in the 1920s to its collapse by the end of the 1950s. The system took a ... More


Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Peter Jones

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book presents a detailed description and analysis of the last major security negotiation between the countries of NATO and the former Warsaw Pact as the Cold War was ending, and the creation of ... More


Détente, Ostpolitik and Anglo-German relations

Terry Macintyre

in Anglo-German Relations During the Labour Governments 1964-70: NATO Strategy, Detente and European Integration

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076008
eISBN:
9781781701485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076008.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter centres on German Ostpolitik in its three phases and the reaction to it by the British government. Britain was a firm advocate of moves designed to improve East-West relations, and ... More


Conclusion: British–German Relations in a New Era

CHRISTOPH BLUTH

in Britain, Germany, and Western Nuclear Strategy

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280040
eISBN:
9780191684340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280040.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter tries to draw some general conclusions about the role of nuclear weapons in British–German relations. The British–German relationship was discussed in five phases. In the first phase, ... More


The Cold War Arms Race: Forces Beyond the Superpowers

Vojtech Mastny

in Arms Races in International Politics: From the Nineteenth to the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198735267
eISBN:
9780191799471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735267.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

The arms race during the Cold War was determined not only by the nuclear-armed superpowers but also by their allies and other actors, as well by asymmetries of conventional forces. Its four stages ... More


China and Eastern Europe, 1989

Zoltan Barany

in How Armies Respond to Revolutions and Why

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157368
eISBN:
9781400880997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157368.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter explains why politicians and generals in the six East European Warsaw Pact member states (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania) and in China reacted to the ... More


1989–92: Yalta farewell; how new a world?

Kjell M. Torbiörn

in Destination Europe: The Political and Economic Growth of a Continent

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065729
eISBN:
9781781700488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065729.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 led, in rapid succession over the next two years, to German unification, Baltic state independence, the dissolution of the Soviet Union and its ... More


The Ottawa and Budapest Conferences

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter four covers initial rounds of the Ottawa and Budapest talks, where each side took the attitude that the other should make compromises. This may have reflected the powerful elements of the ... More


The Issues Explored

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter three explores the issues which arose when the NATO countries began developing a concrete position on Open Skies. Lacking firm guidance from the political level on its basic objectives, this ... More


End-Game

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter covers the negotiation's final months. The breakup of the Soviet Union created a new Russian delegation, which initially caused some confusion, but the negotiations quickly hit their ... More


Into Force and Into the Future

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter eight covers the treaty's implementation, which was signed on March 24, 1992. Ironically, it was after it was signed that the overflight regime was worked out in detail as those operating ... More


Holding the Line on the Suez Canal

Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez

in The Soviet-Israeli War, 1967-1973: The USSR's Military Intervention in the Egyptian-Israeli Conflict

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190693480
eISBN:
9780190943240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190693480.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

During a high-profile visit by Soviet head of state Nikolay Podgorny in June 1967, a desperate Egyptian President Nasser offered to formally join the Warsaw Pact in exchange for direct Soviet support ... More


Open Skies Reborn

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter two recounts how Open Skies was relaunched in 1989. As before, it was a “top-down” initiative, launched by a small group of officials and publicly endorsed by the President with little ... More


The First Vienna Round

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Open Skies talks thus resumed in Vienna in the autumn of 1991. There were two rounds of talks, the autumn of 1991 and the winter and spring of 1992. These rounds are the subject of Chapters six ... More


Interim Negotiations

Peter Jones

in Open Skies: Transparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790987
eISBN:
9780804792318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter five covers an interim period beginning with the Budapest round's failure. Politicians retook control and established, for the first time, the parameters of the regime they sought – a ... More


View: