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Accounting for the Spread of Quechua and Aymara between Cuzco and Lake Titicaca

BILL SILLAR

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores broad social changes that may account for how Quechua and Aymara entered the Lake Titicaca and Cuzco regions so that they eventually replaced all other native languages. It ... More


The Herder–Cultivator Relationship as a Paradigm for Archaeological Origins, Linguistic Dispersals, and the Evolution of Record-Keeping in the Andes

GARY URTON

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores an alternative proposal for the linguistic impact of Wari expansion: that it could in fact have been two-fold, dispersing both Quechua and Aymara simultaneously. To this end, it ... More


Conclusion: A Cross-Disciplinary Prehistory for the Andes? Surveying the State of the Art

PAUL HEGGARTY and DAVID BERESFORD-JONES

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

This chapter sums up the new state of the cross-disciplinary art in Andean prehistory, as collectively represented by the foregoing chapters. Progress and new perspectives are explored first on key ... More


Broadening Our Horizons: Towards an Interdisciplinary Prehistory of the Andes

DAVID BERESFORD-JONES and PAUL HEGGARTY

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

This chapter proposes a new and more coherent interdisciplinary prehistory of the Andes, based firstly on a long overdue re-examination of the relationships between the various regional ‘dialects’ ... More


Middle Horizon Imperialism and the Prehistoric Dispersal of Andean Languages

WILLIAM H. ISBELL

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

The dispersal of the Romance language family by the Roman Empire is an attractive model for examining the spread of Quechua. Wari and Tiwanaku are often considered the first Andean empires, during ... More


Gurus and Goddesses, Deities and Devotees

Vasudha Narayanan

in The Graceful Guru: Hindu Female Gurus in India and the United States

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195145380
eISBN:
9780199849963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145380.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses the lives and messages of two popular female gurus, Ma Jaya Sati Bhagavati and Karunamayi Ma, who is also known as Sri Sri Sri Vijayes Wari Devi. They are both portrayed as ... More


Praying and Preying: Christianity in Indigenous Amazonia

Aparecida Vilaça

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520289130
eISBN:
9780520963849
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520289130.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

Praying and Preying offers one of the rare anthropological monographs on the Christian experience of contemporary Amazonian indigenous peoples, based on an ethnographic study of the relationship ... More


How the Wari Fashioned Trophy Heads For Display: A Distinctive Modified Cranium from Cuzco, Peru, and Comparison to Trophies from the Capital Region

Valerie A. Andrushko

in The Bioarchaeology of the Human Head: Decapitation, Decoration, and Deformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813035567
eISBN:
9780813041766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035567.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines a distinctive modified cranium from Cuzco that represents the first Wari trophy head from the southern Peruvian highlands. The Cuzco modified cranium was found in 2006 at the ... More


Explaining Colla War: Pukaras through Time

Elizabeth N. Arkush

in Hillforts of the Ancient Andes: Colla Warfare, Society, and Landscape

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035260
eISBN:
9780813039107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035260.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the pukara chronology and its implications for understanding the causes of warfare in this context. Radiocarbon dates show that the pukaras did not evolve gradually over time ... More


Conclusions: Life and Death in the Wari World

Tiffiny A. Tung

in Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire: A Social Bioarchaeology of Imperialism in the Ancient Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037677
eISBN:
9780813042183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037677.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter integrates the data from the book and elsewhere to describe how Wari policies and practices structured health and lifeways for heartland and hinterland communities. The author argues ... More


You Are What You Drink: A Sociocultural Reconstruction of Pre-Hispanic Fermented Beverage Use at Cerro Baúl, Moquegua, Peru

David J. Goldstein, Robin C. Coleman Goldstein, and Patrick R. Williams

in Drink, Power, and Society in the Andes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033068
eISBN:
9780813038575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033068.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter deals with the use of chicha de molle at the Wari site of Cerro Baúl (ad 600–1000) in southern Peru. Through paleobotanical analysis of excavated areas, it shows how molle was used as ... More


Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire: A Social Bioarchaeology of Imperialism in the Ancient Andes

Tiffiny A. Tung

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037677
eISBN:
9780813042183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037677.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The Wari Empire was one of the first politically centralized civilizations in the New World, governing various parts of the Peruvian Andes between ad 600 and 1000. This study of human skeletons ... More


Introduction to Wari

Tiffiny A. Tung

in Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire: A Social Bioarchaeology of Imperialism in the Ancient Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037677
eISBN:
9780813042183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037677.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter gives a brief background on the development of the Wari Empire as it expanded from the Ayacucho Basin of central Peru to various regions across the Peruvian Andes. The author makes a ... More


Using a Graphic Model to Explore the Range of Cross-Cultural Interaction in Ancient Borderlands

Ulrike Matthies Green and Kirk E. Costion

in Frontiers of Colonialism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054346
eISBN:
9780813053073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054346.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In order to illuminate the complexities of culture contact in colonial settings it is not enough to simply shift one’s research onto the periphery, instead it is imperative that these peripheral ... More


Matters and Mattering

Beth A. Conklin

in Investigating the Ordinary: Everyday Matters in Southeast Archaeology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781683400219
eISBN:
9781683400578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400219.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

This chapter addresses the cultural anthropological perspective on how the everyday is observed and matters in extant cultures. In the author’s ethnographic work with the Wari’ people in the ... More


Religious Ritual and Wari State Expansion

Patrick Ryan Williams and Donna J. Nash

in Ritual and Archaic States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813062785
eISBN:
9780813051703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062785.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The role of ritual and religion in the expansion of archaic states is often overlooked in favor of militaristic or economic explanations. In chapter 6, Williams and Nash explore religious ritual ... More


The Middle Horizon: Imperial Entanglement and Collapse

Christina A. Conlee

in Beyond the Nasca Lines: Ancient Life at La Tiza in the Peruvian Desert

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813062020
eISBN:
9780813051857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062020.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Across the Andes major changes occurred in the Middle Horizon (A.D. 650–1000) as the highland Wari and Tiwanaku states exerted their influence over a large region. The people of the Nasca drainage, ... More


Case study 3: Three-gender languages

Ruth Kramer

in The Morphosyntax of Gender

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199679935
eISBN:
9780191760129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679935.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter continues to investigate the predictions of the morphosyntactic analysis of gender developed in Chapter 3, and in this chapter the predictions are extended to three-gender languages. The ... More


Test Case 1: Mathematics

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Intelligence and Intelligibility: Cross-Cultural Studies of Human Cognitive Experience

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198854593
eISBN:
9780191888847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854593.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Do all humans engaged in ‘mathematics’? That is, can mathematics be considered a viable category of intelligent activity that can be applied cross-culturally? That question must be raised because of ... More


Metal in the Recuay Culture of Ancient Peru: Art, Imagery, and Social Context

George Lau (ed.)

in Archaeological Interpretations: Symbolic Meaning within Andes Prehistory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813066448
eISBN:
9780813058658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066448.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Of the major media in the Recuay culture (AD 1–700, Peru), metalwork is perhaps the least understood. This chapter reviews the major forms of Recuay metalwork (personal adornments, weapons) and ... More


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