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The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Lewis R. Fischer (ed.)

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.001.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This volume collects eight essays that all attempt to answer two key concerns: did markets for seafarers exist in the age of sail; and, if so, were these markets efficient? The question was initially ... More


The Pay and Conditions of Merchant Seamen

Ralph Davis

in The Rise of the English Shipping Industry in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780986497384
eISBN:
9781786944467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780986497384.003.0007
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter studies the conditions of crewmen during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries through the systems of payment and wages. It explores the methods by which wages were calculated - such ... More


Maritime Labour in Early Modern Spain

Carla Rahn Phillips

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

Carla Rahn Phillips considers the market for maritime labour in early-modern Spain, finding that despite the necessity of sailors and existence of the market, wages remained low and skilled maritime ... More


Recruitment and Promotion: The Merchant Fleet of Salem, Massachusetts, 1670-1765

Vince Walsh

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0002
Subject:
History, Maritime History

Vince Walsh examines Salem, Massachusetts, and finds that the market within Salem was efficient yet would only recruit within Salem and suffered as a result.


Mariners and Markets in the Age of Sail: The Case of the Netherlands

Paul C. van Royen

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0003
Subject:
History, Maritime History

Paul van Royen focusses on seventeenth and eighteenth century Netherlands, and finds the organisations functioned well but enable huge discrepancies in wages.


Pirates and Markets

David J. Starkey

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0004
Subject:
History, Maritime History

David Starkey studies eighteenth century England, noting a fluctuation between efficiency and inefficiency across markets.


“Advance Notes” and the Recruitment of Maritime Labour in Britain in the Nineteenth Century

David M. Williams

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0005
Subject:
History, Maritime History

David Williams discusses the emergence on the advance note and the tremendous influence it had on market behaviour, indicating inefficient markets.


Finnish and International Maritime Labour in the Age of Sail: Was There a Market?

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0006
Subject:
History, Maritime History

Yrjo Kaukiainen considers Finland’s history of interconnected local maritime labour markets, but also struggles to quantify their ‘efficiency’ after also taking issue with the ambiguous phrase.


The Efficiency of Maritime Labour Markets in the Age of Sail: The Post-1850 Norwegian Experience

Lewis R. Fischer

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0007
Subject:
History, Maritime History

Lewis R. Fischer addresses the imbalance of wages in Norwegian maritime markets and finds that despite the integration from local to regional markets, the system remained inefficient.


The Danish Maritime Labour Market, 1880-1900

Morten Hahn-Pedersen and Pout Holm

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0008
Subject:
History, Maritime History

Morten Hahn-Pedersen and Poul Holm consider the fishing and shipping markets in Denmark and believe the wage inconsistencies reflect an inefficient system.


Strategic Democracy: Walmart’s Warehouse Workers

Carolina Bank Muñoz

in Building Power from Below: Chilean Workers Take On Walmart

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501712883
eISBN:
9781501714771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501712883.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Chapter 4 looks at the warehouse union in detail. The chapter explores workplace abuses, organizing strategy, and outcomes. Warehouse workers initially suffered poor working conditions and low wages, ... More


The Flexible Militancy of Walmart Retail Workers

Carolina Bank Muñoz

in Building Power from Below: Chilean Workers Take On Walmart

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501712883
eISBN:
9781501714771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501712883.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Chapter 5 discusses the retail workers in detail. The chapter analyzes workplace abuses, including human rights abuses and Walmart’s anti-union practices, organizing strategy, and outcomes for these ... More


The New Skill Production System: Policy Challenges and Solutions in Manufacturing Labor Markets

Andrew Weaver and Paul Osterman

in Production in the Innovation Economy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019927
eISBN:
9780262319126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019927.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter draws on results from chapter 2 and additional fieldwork to suggest policy responses to the state of employment skills demands in blue-collar manufacturing. The authors argue that ... More


Smuggling

Bryce Evans

in Ireland during the Second World War: Farewell to Plato's Cave

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089510
eISBN:
9781781707531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089510.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Ribald tales of cross-border smuggling provide comic relief from the grim conditions described in the preceding chapter. This chapter introduces rogues and child smugglers; cross-dressing flour ... More


China: a doomed and distorted growth model?

Jude Woodward

in The US vs China: Asia's new Cold War?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526121998
eISBN:
9781526128652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526121998.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

China’s advance towards overtaking the US economy has taken place at such speed that it has taken most observers by surprise. At the same time, with contemporary China only just beginning to appear ... More


Labour and socialism during the First World War in Bristol and Northampton

Matthew Kidd

in Labour, British radicalism and the First World War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526109293
eISBN:
9781526136015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526109293.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In his chapter on the broad labour movements in Bristol and Northampton, Matthew Kidd invites us to re-think our assumptions about the First World War changing everything concerning British ... More


A stronghold of liberalism? The north-east Lancashire cotton weaving districts and the First World War

Jack Southern

in Labour, British radicalism and the First World War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526109293
eISBN:
9781526136015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526109293.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Jack Southern’s chapter explores the impact of the outbreak of war on the weaving districts of north-east Lancashire, with particular reference to Burnley, the ‘world’s weaving centre’, where 40% of ... More


Grafters, not shirkers: reserved men at work

Juliette Pattinson, Arthur Mcivor, and Linsey Robb

in Men in reserve: British civilian masculinites in the Second World War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526100696
eISBN:
9781526120830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100696.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter reconstructs the working lives of reserved men during wartime, drawing upon a wide range of sources, including oral testimonies and autobiographies. It contrasts this with the 1930s ... More


A lost decade, not a burst bubble: the declining living standards of middle-class households in the us and Britain

Larry Mishel and Heidi Shierholz

in The squeezed middle: The pressure on ordinary workers in America and Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447308942
eISBN:
9781447310822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308942.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This essay describes the extent to which growth in the US since the 1970s has fed through to people in the middle of the income distribution. From the 1970s onwards, median family incomes have not ... More


Rising incomes and modest inequality: the high-employment route

Lane Kenworthy

in The squeezed middle: The pressure on ordinary workers in America and Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447308942
eISBN:
9781447310822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308942.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This essay shows that there has only been one brief period since the 1970s in which real wages in the bottom half of the American income distribution have increased - the late 1990s. During this ... More


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