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The Baldwin Effect and Genetic Assimilation: Contrasting Explanatory Foci and Gene Concepts in Two Approaches to an Evolutionary Process

Paul E. Griffiths

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A large body of literature exists on the so-called “Baldwin effect”, a controversial process by which an acquired trait supposedly evolves into an innate trait. C. H. Waddington's concept of “genetic ... More


The Baldwin Effect and Genetic Assimilatio n: Reply to Griffiths

David Papineau

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Paul Griffiths — the author of Chapter 6 in this book — argues that the process coined “genetic assimilation” has little connection with the issue C. H. Waddington had in mind when he invented the ... More


Epigeny

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Here, I deal with the general nature and significance of epigeny. Then, some fundamental mechanisms operating during the epigenetic process are considered. The core of this chapter is represented by ... More


How the International Biological Program Swept the Scientific World

David C. Coleman

in Big Ecology: The Emergence of Ecosystem Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264755
eISBN:
9780520945739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264755.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The International Biological Program (IBP) was the most thriving scientific program of its kind in the 1970s. This success was measured by the number of graduate students and postdoctorals who went ... More


The Reproduction of the Social: A Developmental System Approach

Iddo Tavory, Simona Ginsburg, and Eva Jablonka

in Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

We present a developmental system theory (DST) approach to social-cultural evolution, which emphasizes how self-sustaining feedback interactions lead to the persistence of a social world over time. ... More


Developmental Systems Theory as a Process Theory

Paul Griffiths and Karola Stotz

in Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Paul Griffiths and Russell D. Gray have argued that the fundamental unit of analysis in developmental systems theory should be a process—the life cycle—and not a set of developmental resources and ... More


Waddington’s Processual Epigenetics and the Debate over Cryptic Variability

Flavia Fabris

in Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reappraises Waddington’s processual theory of epigenetics and examines its implications for contemporary evolutionary biology. It focuses in particular on the ontological difference ... More


The landscape metaphor in development

Giuseppe Fusco, Roberto Carrer, and Emanuele Serrelli

in Towards a Theory of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

This chapter reviews and discusses the use of the landscape metaphor in development by analyzing its relationship with experimental work and theoretical modelling. Defining a landscape as a ... More


How to Think about Evolution Non-reductively

Jonathan Marks

in Tales of the Ex-Apes: How We Think about Human Evolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285811
eISBN:
9780520961197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285811.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

The evolutionary geneticist Conrad Waddington conceptualized evolution less reductively than most of his contemporaries, and he introduced a hierarchical way of visualizing it. Building on his ideas, ... More


The Girl Who Kicked the Hornets’ Nest

Marjorie Senechal

in I Died for Beauty: A Biography of Dorothy Wrinch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199732593
eISBN:
9780190254353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732593.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the emergence of the Theoretical Biology Club composed of Delta (as Wrinch now signed herself); Joseph Needham who roamed China, uncovering the hidden history of ancient ... More


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