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Sidelined: From 9/11 to August 19, 2003

David M. Malone

in The International Struggle Over Iraq: Politics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278572
eISBN:
9780191604119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278571.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the fourth phase of UN involvement in Iraq, in which it was largely sidelined. Negotiations within the Security Council in late 2002 and early 2003 resulted in deadlock, and ... More


International Law and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Daniel H. Joyner

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199204908
eISBN:
9780191709470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204908.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) technologies is by no means a new concern for the international community. Indeed, since the signing of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty in ... More


Jus ad Bellum, Iraq, and the War on Terror

Alia Brahimi

in Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199562961
eISBN:
9780191595059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562961.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

The Bush administration argued vigorously that the 2003 Iraq war was just. The war's critics similarly invoked the language and concepts of the just war tradition to register their opposition. These ... More


Pre‐emptive War on Iraq

Alia Brahimi

in Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199562961
eISBN:
9780191595059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562961.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Continuing the discussion of the Bush administration's just cause began in Chapter 1, this chapter examines the arguments put forward for pre‐emptive war and responses to those arguments. The Bush ... More


Jus in Bello, Guantanamo Bay, and the War on Terror

Alia Brahimi

in Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199562961
eISBN:
9780191595059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562961.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Examining questions of jus in bello, this chapter begins by applying the principles of proportionality and discrimination to the invasion of Iraq. The analysis then focuses on the Bush ... More


Power Politics and the Powerless

Arthur A. Stein

in Back to Basics: State Power in a Contemporary World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199970087
eISBN:
9780199333295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970087.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The core security concern for the United States, and its allies, consists of the troika of terrorism, failed states, and WMD. This chapter traces the emergence of this contemporary view of the ... More


The End of Grand Strategy: US Maritime Operations in the Twenty-First Century

Simon Reich and Peter Dombrowski

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501714627
eISBN:
9781501714641
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501714627.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Policy makers and pundits debate the utility and desirability of various forms of grand strategy. They advocate one specific approach, chosen from a spectrum that stretches from global primacy to ... More


Dual Containment, 1992–2000

Steven Hurst

in The United States and Iraq since 1979: Hegemony, Oil and War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627677
eISBN:
9780748672103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627677.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The Persian Gulf War thus left Saddam Hussein in power with question marks remaining over the extent of Iraq's WMD programmes. Abandoning power-balancing strategies, the Clinton administration ... More


George the Son

Jeremy Salt

in The Unmaking of the Middle East: A History of Western Disorder in Arab Lands

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255517
eISBN:
9780520934757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255517.003.0014
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines U.S. President George W. Bush's war against Iraq. It explains that the invasion of Iraq in 2003 was preceded by a propaganda campaign monumental in its deceit and dishonesty, ... More


The Harbinger Theory: How the Post-9/11 Emergency Became Permanent and the Case for Reform

Robert Diab

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190243227
eISBN:
9780190243234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190243227.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

North American law has been transformed in ways unimaginable before 9/11. Laws now authorize and courts have condoned indefinite detention without charge on secret evidence, mass secret surveillance, ... More


Iraq

Gawdat Bahgat

in Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031668
eISBN:
9780813039114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031668.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter examines the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in Iraq. It discusses Iraq's WMD capabilities, the preemptive strikes on its nuclear reactors and the strict United ... More


Libya

Gawdat Bahgat

in Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031668
eISBN:
9780813039114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031668.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter examines Libya's weapons of mass destruction (WDM) program. It rejects the proposition that Libya agreed to rid itself of WMD programs in December 2003 because Muammar Gadafi was scared ... More


Weapons of Mass Destruction: Issues and Implications for National Security Lawyers

Todd W. Pennington

in U.S. Military Operations: Law, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199328574
eISBN:
9780199363193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328574.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the incredibly complex legal and policy challenges presented by Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). It begins by defining WMDs, including their classifications as nuclear, ... More


The United States versus Libya: El Dorado Canyon, Pan Am Flight 103, and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Phil Haun

in Coercion, Survival, and War: Why Weak States Resist the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780804792837
eISBN:
9780804795074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804792837.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers three cases between the United States and Libya from 1981 until 2003. Libya’s support of international terrorism triggered a crisis for the United States, culminating in the El ... More


WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices

Stephen M. Maurer (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012980
eISBN:
9780262259064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Terrorism by means of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) has been studied for decades — since the Cold War and fears of secret agents with suitcase-sized atomic bombs. Although WMD research has ... More


The Iraq War and American National Security Interests in the Middle East

F. Gregory Gause III (ed.)

in Balance Sheet: The Iraq War and U.S. National Security

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760133
eISBN:
9780804772044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760133.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the impact of the Iraq War on U.S. national security interests in the Middle East. It evaluates the consequences of the War in six areas of American concern including the ... More


Constructing the ‘terrorist’ other: a ‘new’ and ‘evolving’ threat to the European Union

Christopher Baker-Beall

in The European Union's fight against terrorism: Discourse, Policies, Identity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719091063
eISBN:
9781526115294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091063.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter Three analyses four strands of the ‘fight against terrorism’ discourse in a detailed manner. The first part of the chapter maps each of the discourse strands, demonstrating how they help to ... More


Summing Up

Stephen M. Maurer

in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012980
eISBN:
9780262259064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered in the preceding discussions and presents some final thoughts. It argues that scholars have learned a great deal about WMD terrorism in the years since ... More


Technologies of Evil: Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Weapons

Stephen M. Maurer

in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012980
eISBN:
9780262259064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines how high the barriers to terrorist WMD are at the start of the twenty-first century. Starting from the observation that almost all WMD technologies except nuclear weapons are ... More


The New Bioweapons: Infectious and Engineered Diseases

George W. Rutherford and Stephen M. Maurer

in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012980
eISBN:
9780262259064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines how terrorists could potentially use contagious diseases and/or genetic engineering to create WMD. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 4.1 explores the reasons why ... More


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