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Limits of Commercial Investor-State Arbitration: The Need for Appellate Review

Jacques Werner

in Human Rights in International Investment Law and Arbitration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578184
eISBN:
9780191722561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578184.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explains why investor-state arbitration is often wrongfully likened to international commercial arbitration among private parties. Investor-state arbitrations involve not only private ... More


KNOWING AND LEARNING IN ORGANIZATIONS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The WHO Smallpox Eradication Program (1967-77) showed how cycles of sensemaking, knowledge creation, and decision making supported by a matrix of information management practices enabled the ... More


The Philosophy of Palliative Care: Critique and Reconstruction

Fiona Randall and R S Downie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198567363
eISBN:
9780191730535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567363.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

The idea of a philosophy of palliative care emerged with Cicely Saunders' vision for ‘a good death’, and was developed further with the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of palliative care. ... More


Post‐TRIPS Tensions and Global IP Debates

Carolyn Deere

in The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550616
eISBN:
9780191720284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 4 shows how disagreements over the final TRIPS text set the stage for struggles over implementation and the variation that emerged. TRIPS implementation occurred amidst competing efforts of ... More


Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Peter Svedberg

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A large share of the population in many developing countries suffers from chronic undernutrition. This book provides a detailed comparative study of undernutrition in sub‐Saharan Africa and South ... More


Anthropometric Indicators of Undernutrition: Measurements and Evidence

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter sets out by assessing the uniform height and weight norms established by the WHO, which are conventionally used to gauge the anthropometric status of people of different age and sex, ... More


Promoting Public Health in the Twenty-First Century: The Role of the World Health Organization

Ruth Bonita, Alec Irwin, and Robert Beaglehole

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

One of the paradoxes of globalization is that an increasingly interconnected and interdependent world is simultaneously marked by widening health gaps between privileged and less advantaged groups, ... More


Thinking Big: Emerging Global Efforts For The Control Of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Despite the devastating pandemic of HIV/AIDS that erupted in the early 1980s, despite the failure to eradicate polio and the emergence of resistant forms of tuberculosis that came into focus in the ... More


Origins and status of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva and Douglas Bettcher

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). The WHO FCTC is public health history in the making and has become a landmark for the future ... More


Comparative Historical Trends and Variations

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter is concerned with international and regional variations in late-fetal mortality. It considers four groups of countries. Members of the first group (Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and the ... More


Economic evaluations of interventions for children in the developing world: The WHO-CHOICE approach

Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Moses Aikins, Robert Black, Lara Wolfson, Raymond Hutubessy, and David B. Evans

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There are logistical and analytical challenges when conducting economic evaluations in the developing world, ranging from lack of data on costs to determining generalizability. This chapter describes ... More


Nurse Education

Lorraine Dixon

in Education in Palliative Care: Building a Culture of Learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198569855
eISBN:
9780191730443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569855.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Nurses represent a significant proportion of the health care workforce engaged in providing palliative care for patients with life-threatening illnesses and their families. As palliative care has ... More


India

Suresh Kumar

in Education in Palliative Care: Building a Culture of Learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198569855
eISBN:
9780191730443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569855.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Palliative care in India is more than two decades old. Despite that, less than 3% of patients with incurable cancer get pain relief) and less than 2% of patients in need of palliative care have ... More


Setting the Context: What do we mean by psychosocial care in palliative care?

Rod Macleod

in Psychosocial Issues in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199216420
eISBN:
9780191730306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216420.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines the concept of psychosocial care in the context of palliative care. According to the 2002 revised definition of the World Health Organisation (WHO), palliative care is an ... More


The need for palliative care teams

R.J. DUNLOP and J.M. HOCKLEY

in Hospital-based Palliative Care Teams: The Hospital/Hospice Interface

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629807
eISBN:
9780191730061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629807.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This book is about taking and adapting the philosophy of care developed within hospice units and applying it to the hospital environment. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines palliative care ... More


Globalization and Health

Ichiro Kawachi and Sarah Wamala (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Globalization is breaking down of economic, political, cultural, demographic, and social barriers across the world at an astonishing pace. The topic of globalization has caused passionate debate in ... More


International Co-operation in Health

Martin McKee, Paul Garner, and Robin Stott (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631985
eISBN:
9780191723582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631985.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book explores the impact of globalization, economic policies, war and violence, trade, and reproductive ideologies on global health and health services. It offers examples, both successful and ... More


The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Walter W. Holland, Jørn Olsen, and Charles du V. Florey (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book marks the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the International Epidemiological Association (IEA). It is a compendium by the world's leading epidemiologists of how the field has ... More


Internationalism and Bureaucratization

Virginia Berridge

in AIDS in the UK: The Making of Policy, 1981-1994

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204725
eISBN:
9780191676376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204725.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The period of high-level panic among politicians and civil servants ended at the appearance of the Social Services Committee report in May 1987. Normalization brought with it also professionalization ... More


International aspects of health

Kenneth C. Calman

in The Potential for Health

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629449
eISBN:
9780191723674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629449.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Increasingly international aspects of health have become more and more important. The ease and speed of travel and communication make it all the more important that countries communicate about health ... More


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