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Moral Value and Human Diversity

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195312942
eISBN:
9780199851188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312942.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This short book is designed for those learning about the search for ethical rules that can apply despite cultural differences. The author looks at several such attempts – Aristotle, Kant, Mill – and ... More


John Lloyd Ackrill 1921–2007

Lindsay Judson

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 161, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, VIII

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264577
eISBN:
9780191734267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264577.003.0001
Subject:
History, Historiography

John Lloyd Ackrill (1921–2007), a Fellow of the British Academy, had a powerful and far-reaching influence on the way ancient philosophy is done in the English-speaking world and beyond. In his first ... More


Kantian Intuitionism as a Framework for the Justification of Moral Judgments

Robert Audi

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter extends and clarifies the Kantian intuitionist view that a qualified Rossian intuitionism can be integrated with a version of Kant's humanity formula. In doing this, it briefly sketches ... More


The Deontic Relevance of Motives

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The topic of the deontic relevance of motives is introduced: can the motive of an action ever be the reason, or part of the reason, that the action is morally right or wrong? The deontic concepts of ... More


Classic Objections to Hedonism

Fred Feldman

in Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Seven classic objections to hedonism are presented and explained. Each is carefully formulated as an objection to the Default Hedonism introduced in Ch. 2. The objections are based on (a) the idea ... More


BEYOND VAPORWARE?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A goal of machine morality is not just to raise many questions but to provide a resource for further development of artificial moral agents. Chapter 9 surveys software that is currently under ... More


Humean Moral Pluralism

Michael B. Gill

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral pluralism is the view that there are different ultimate moral reasons for action, that those different reasons can sometimes come into conflict with each other, and that there exist no ... More


Introduction

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter introduces the project of Rossian Ethics. The book has two connected aims. The first is to interpret and evaluate W. D. Ross’s ethics, focusing on the key elements of his moral theory: ... More


Rossian Non-Naturalist Pluralism

Michael B. Gill

in Humean Moral Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The most prominent pluralist view of the twentieth century was the non-naturalist intuitionism of W. D. Ross. This chapter argues that Humean naturalism fits better with the pluralist phenomena of ... More


What Prima Facie Duties Are There?: Ross, Agent-Relativity, and the Rejection of Consequentialism

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter interprets and defend Ross’s rejection of consequentialism and his endorsement of a moderate deontological position. It focuses particularly on what he says about promises, the special ... More


Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

David Phillips

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book has two connected aims. The first is to interpret and evaluate W. D. Ross’s ethics, focusing on the key elements of his moral theory: his introduction of the concept of prima facie duty, ... More


More Right than Wrong

Jonathan Dancy

in Reason, Value, and Respect: Kantian Themes from the Philosophy of Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199699575
eISBN:
9780191793035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699575.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some critics argue that while Kant’s view has trouble making sense of the notion of a moral reason, W. D. Ross’s view does not. In “The Importance of Moral Rules and Principles,” Tom Hill argues that ... More


‘An Assumption of Extreme Significance’: Moore, Ross, and Spencer on Ethics and Evolution

Hallvard Lillehammer

in Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics: Debunking and Dispensability

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198778592
eISBN:
9780191824326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778592.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In recent years there has been a growing interest among mainstream Anglophone moral philosophers in the empirical study of human morality, including its evolution and historical development. This ... More


The Availability of Motives

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first part of this chapter is devoted to psychological issues about the availability of motives to a rational agent in a limited time. Certain arguments about the deontic relevance of motives due ... More


Remaining Questions

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Seven questions were posed at the end of Chapter 1. Four of them have been answered. Extrinsic consequentialism has emerged as the most plausible approach to the deontic relevance of motives. It is ... More


What Things Are Good?

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on Ross’s moderate pluralism about the good. Though it is less original than his moderate pluralism about the right, it is argued that there is much to be said for his version: ... More


Norms, Reasons, and Fit

Garrett Cullity

in Concern, Respect, and Cooperation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198807841
eISBN:
9780191845642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807841.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What kind of elements provide the foundations of morality? The answer defended in this chapter is ‘norms of presumptive fitness’. This is explained and defended by contrasting it with Ross’s more ... More


What Are Prima Facie Duties?

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on Ross’s most important conceptual innovation: the idea of prima facie duty. Four main claims are defended: first, contra some of his harsher critics, that though much of what ... More


Hume’s Moral Pluralism

Michael B. Gill

in Humean Moral Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

David Hume argues for a pluralist view of morality. According to his pluralist view, there are different ultimate moral ends, those different moral ends can come into conflict with each other, and ... More


The Metaethical and Epistemological Framework

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the metaethical and epistemological framework within which Ross develops his moral theory. It is argued that the most important distinctive feature of Ross’s nonnaturalist ... More


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